Greek Byzantine Catholic Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Greek Byzantine Catholic Church
Classification Catholic
Orientation Eastern Catholic, Byzantine Rite
Structure Apostolic Exarchates
Leader Bishop Dimitrios Salachas
Apostolic Exarch of Greece
Vacant/Bishop Louis Pelâtre
Apostolic Exarch/Apostolic Administrator of Constantinople
Associations Congregation for the Oriental Churches
Region Greece, Constantinople
Origin June 11, 1911
Separated from Greek Orthodox
Branched from Catholic Church
Congregations 4
Members 2,525
Ministers 11[1]
Official website Greek Catholic Exarchate

The Greek Byzantine Catholic Church (Greek: Ελληνόρρυθμη Καθολική Εκκλησία, Ellinórrythmi Katholikí Ekklisía) is a sui iuris particular Church in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church which uses the Byzantine liturgical rite in the Koine Greek and modern Greek languages. Its membership includes inhabitants of Greece, Lebanon and Turkey.

History[edit]

After the failure of the attempts by the Council of Lyon in 1274 and by the Council of Florence in 1439 to repair the breach of the East-West Schism between Greek and Latin Christians, many individual Greeks, then under Ottoman rule, embraced communion with Rome, it was not until the 1880s that a sui juris church specifically for Greek Catholics who followed the Byzantine Rite was built in the village of Malgara in Thrace. Before the end of the nineteenth century two more such churches were built, one in Constantinople, the other in Chalcedon.

In 1826, the Catholic priest John Marangos began a mission among the Orthodox Christians of Constantinople, where he managed the construction of a small community. In 1878 he then moved on to Athens, where he died in 1885. Even there he had founded a church. In addition, he had won two small villages in Thrace for the Catholic faith.

After 1895 the Assumptionists began its in Constantinople, a seminary and two other small towns, founded in 1910 there were about 1,000 worshipers with 12 priests, 10 of which were Assumptionists.

In 1907 a native Greek priest, Isaias Papadopoulos, the priest who had built the church in Thrace, was appointed vicar general for the Greek Catholics within the Apostolic Delegation of Constantinople, and in 1911 he received episcopal consecration and was put in charge of the newly established ordinariate for Greek Byzantine Rite Catholics, which later became an exarchate. Thus was founded the particular Church of Byzantine Rite Greek Catholics. Much more numerous were the Greek Catholics of Latin Rite, who formed the majority of the population in some Aegean islands.

As a result of the conflict between Greece and Turkey after the First World War, the Greek Catholics of Malgara and of the neighbouring village of Daudeli moved to Yannitsa in Macedonia, and many of those who lived in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) emigrated or fled to Athens, among them the bishop who had succeeded to the position of Exarch and the religious institute of the Sisters of the Pammakaristos, founded in 1920.

In 1932 the territory of the Exarchate for Byzantine-Rite Greek Catholics was limited to that of the Greek state, and a separate Exarchate of Constantinople was established for those resident in Turkey. Due to continued emigration and anti-Greek nationalist incidents by Turks, among them the Istanbul Pogrom, the Greek Catholics of the latter exarchate have become reduced to extremely few. The last resident Greek-Catholic priest in Constantinople died in 1997 and has not since been replaced, and the only regular services in the Greek-Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity there are held by exiled Chaldean Catholics living in the city.

Vocations to the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church are largely drawn from the Greek islands of Syros and Tinos, which both have sizable Catholic populations.

Bishop Dimitrios Salachas (titular bishop of Gratianopolis) is current Apostolic Exarch of the Byzantine Rite Catholics in Greece.

Byzantine Rite Catholic Greeks in Greece number approximately 5,000.[2]

Exarchs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberson, Ronald G. "The Eastern Catholic Churches 2010". Eastern Catholic Churches Statistics. Catholic Near East Welfare Association. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Religious Freedom in Greece (September2002)" (RTF). Greek Helsinki Monitor Minority Rights Group - Greece. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 

External links[edit]