List of texts called Greek New Testament
"Greek New Testament" refers to the Koine Greek written versions of the New Testament. Koine Greek was the standard spoken and written language during the events of Jesus' ministry and also used by the New Testament writers to testify of Jesus. The first published edition of the Greek New Testament was produced by Erasmus in 1516. These include:
- Multiple copies of the New Testament Byzantine text-types, used by the Greek Orthodox Church;
- Multiple copies of the New Testament Textus Receptus, the basis of the King James Bible of the New Testament;
- the Novum Testamentum Graece, is the Latin name of an original Greek-language version of the New Testament. Today the designation Novum Testamentum Graece normally refers to the Nestle-Aland versions of the Greek New Testament, currently in its 28th revision, abbreviated NA28.
These versions of the Greek New Testament come primarily from the Alexandrian text-type manuscripts and fragments in place of the Byzantine or Textus Receptus Koine Greek text, in an effort begun by Brooke Foss Westcott (1825–1901) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828–1892).
These Greek text versions are used as the basis for most modern copyrighted English translations of the New Testament, with their chief foundations being:
- the incomplete New Testament text of the Codex Sinaiticus, an Alexandrian text-type manuscript version of the Bible written in the 4th century in uncial letters on parchment, which lacks many passages found in the Byzantine text-type and Textus Receptus;and
- the New Testament of the Codex Vaticanus an Alexandrian text-type manuscript version of the Bible, which ends at Hebrews 9:14) and lacks many passages found in the Byzantine text-type and Textus Receptus