Greek Rally

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Greek Rally
Ελληνικός Συναγερμός
Founder Alexandros Papagos
Founded 1951
Dissolved 1955
Succeeded by National Radical Union
Ideology National conservatism
Royalism
Anti-communism
Political position Right-wing
Politics of Greece
Political parties
Elections

Greek Rally (Greek: Ἑλληνικὸς Συναγερμός (ΕΣ), Ellīnikòs Synagermós (ES)) was a right-wing political party in Greece. Founded on 6 August 1951 by former field marshal Alexandros Papagos, the party encompassed a broad spectrum of the royalist conservative elements in Greek society and was modelled on the Charles de Gaulle's Rassemblement du Peuple Français (RPF).[1] Throughout the years, the Greek right, represented by the People's Party, had become splintered. Papagos' new party managed to attract considerable support, and the Populist Uniting Party (led by Panagiotis Kanellopoulos and Stephanos Stephanopoulos) and the New Party (led by Spiros Markezinis) dissolved and merged with the Greek Rally. The popularity of Papagos, who had reinstated the autonomy of the Greek military during his tenure as its commander, enabled the party to quickly eclipse the Populists. In the September 1951 general election, the Greek Rally garnered 114 parliamentary seats (taking 36.5 per cent of the vote) compared to the People's Party two seats. In the subsequent November 1952 general election, the Greek Rally gained 240 out of 300 seats in the Greek Parliament, an achievement helped in no small way by a change in the electoral system. The party effectively ended with the death of its leader in October 1955. His successor, Konstantinos Karamanlis, relaunched the party as the National Radical Union.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Jelavich, Barbara (1983), History of the Balkans: Twentieth Century, Cambridge University Press, p. 409