Greek destroyer Aetos

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Greek destroyer Aetos.jpg
Destroyer Aetos
Career (Greece) Ensign of the Hellenic Royal Navy
Name: Aetos
Α/Τ Άετός
Namesake: eagle
Ordered: 1912
Builder: Cammell Laird, Birkenhead
Laid down: 1911
Launched: September 19, 1912
Commissioned: 1912
Decommissioned: 1945
Fate: broken up
General characteristics
Displacement: 880 tons standard
Length: 89.4 m (293 ft)
Beam: 8.3 m (27 ft)
Draft: 3 m (9.8 ft)
Propulsion: 5 × Foster Wheeler boilers (4 coal-fired and 1 oil-fired), replaced by Yarrow oil-fired boilers in 1925
5 funnels
combined Parsons and Curtis steam turbines
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h) maximum (32 knots (59 km/h) after 1925)
Complement: 58
Armament: As completed:
4 × Bethlehem 4-inch (102 mm) guns
1 × 75 mm anti-aircraft gun
6 × 21-inch (533 mm)torpedo tubes
3 × electric search lights
1925:
75 mm gun removed
37 mm anti-aircraft gun added
four-barrel 40 mm gun added
2 mortars added
Modified for laying 40 mines
1942:
3rd and 4th stern torpedo launchers removed
1 × 3-inch (76 mm) anti-aircraft gun added
1 × 20 mm Oerlikon gun added
A/S type 123A detection device added

Aetos (Greek: Α/Τ Άετός, "Eagle") served in the Royal Hellenic Navy from 1912–1945.

The ship, along with her three sister ships of Wild Beast class destroyers Ierax, Panthir and Leon, was ordered from England.[1] They were purchased in 1912, ready for delivery, each for the sum of £148,000, from the English shipyards Cammell Laird in Birkenhead, when the Balkan Wars seemed likely. These ships had originally been ordered by Argentina; Aetos was originally named San Luis. The four ships were sailing with a non-Greek crew to Algiers, to meet the requisitioned personnel transport ship Ionia which contained the Greek crews for the ships. When Aetos entered the Mediterranean she went adrift due to a serious engine breakdown. By pure coincidence one of the other destroyers passed nearby and towed Aetos to Algiers.

During the Balkan Wars, the Royal Hellenic Navy purchased only the minimum amount of ammunition. Torpedoes were not available for this class of ship, and for this reason these ships were initially named 'scouts' rather than 'destroyers'. She was under the command of Commander A. Douroutis, RHN.

During World War I, Greece belatedly entered the war on the side of the Triple Entente. Due to Greece's neutrality, the four Beast Class ships were seized by the Allies in October 1916, taken over by the French in November, and served in the French Navy from 1917-18. By 1918, they were back on escort duty under Greek colors, mainly in the Aegean Sea.

Aetos participated in the evacuation of Greeks from Russia during the Russian Civil War in 1918 and saw action in the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) in the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean Sea.

After the war, Aetos was extensively rebuilt by the J Samuel White yard from 1925–1927 and emerged as a much more modern unit.[1] Four Yarrow boilers replaced her five original units with 5 funnels reduced to two. This allowed the bridge to be moved further aft reducing spray and allowed a deckhouse to be built forward of it for a super firing 4-inch gun. One more gun between the funnels and one on the quarterdeck aft with two single Pom Pom's completed the gun armament. Torpedo tubes were increased to 2 triple mounts and a Vickers director fire control as was fitted.

Aetos participated in the Second World War. After surviving the German invasion of Greece in April 1941, Aetos served under the operational control of the Royal Navy based in the Indian Ocean, where despite her age she served with distinction. Further modifications included new anti-aircraft guns, and anti-submarine weapons. After the end of World War II, Aetos was stricken in 1945.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.hellenicnavy.gr/aetos12_46_en.asp (2008) Hellenic Navy Official website.