The Greek government in exile was the official government of Greece, headed by King George II, which evacuated from Athens in April 1941, after the German invasion of the country, first to the island of Crete and then to Cairo in Egypt. Hence it is also referred to as the "Cairo Government" (Greek: Κυβέρνηση του Καΐρου). It remained there until the German occupying forces withdrew from the country on 17 October 1944. Closely controlled by the British, it was the internationally recognized Greek government, although its authority inside the country itself was minimal. There, alongside the Axis-controlled collaborationist governments, a vigorous Resistance movement developed, spearheaded by the communist-controlled EAM/ELAS, which established a de facto separate administration, formalized in March 1944 after elections in both occupied and liberated territories, as the Political Committee of National Liberation (PEEA).
The Greek government-in-exile was founded in April 1941 with the onset of the Battle of Greece. It was first located on the island of Crete until the Battle of Crete when the island fell to Axis forces and the government moved to Cairo, Egypt. It remained in Egypt until the withdrawal of German forces from Greece on October 17, 1944.
Armed forces 
- For further information, see: Greek Royal Forces in the Middle East.