Greek legislative election, 1946

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Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 31 March 1946.[1] The result was a victory for the United Alignment of Nationalists, an alliance that included the People's Party, the National Liberal Party, the Reform Party,[2] which won 206 of the 354 seats in Parliament.[3] As a result Konstantinos Tsaldaris became Prime Minister leading a right-wing coalition. Nonetheless, he soon decided to resign in favor of Themistoklis Sophoulis, who led a government of national unity (conservative and centre-liberal forces) during the entire second phase of the civil war (1946–1949). One of the priorities of the new government was the proclamation of a plebiscite for the restoration of the Greek monarchy.

The elections were marked by the boycott of the Communist Party of Greece in protest against the unfolding, state-tolerated White Terror against the former members of EAM-ELAS. One of the reasons for the defeat of the centre-liberal parties was the division of the Liberal Party, founded by Eleftherios Venizelos. One faction remained loyal to the leadership of Themistoklis Sophoulis, while another faction followed Sophoklis Venizelos, who formed a coalition with Georgios Papandreou and Panayiotis Kanellopoulos.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
United Alignment of Nationalists[a] 610,995 55.12 206
National Political Union[b] 213,721 19.28 68
Liberal Party 159,525 14.39 48
National Party of Greece 66,027 5.96 20
Union of Nationalists 32,538 2.94 9
List of Independents 12,036 1.08 2
Union of Agrarian Parties 7,447 0.67 1
Party X 1,848 0.17 0
Civil and Agricultural Party 1,114 0.10 0
Parataxis of Orthodox Christian Greeks 298 0.03 0
Patriotic Party of Reservists 63 0.01 0
Party for the National Union 15 0.00 0
Socialist Party 13 0.00 0
Independents 2,833 0.25 0
Invalid/blank votes 13,223
Total 1,121,696 100 354
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Global Elections Database

a Within the United Alignment the People's Party won 156 seats, the National Liberal Party 34, the Reform Party five and others 11.

b Within the National Political Union the Party of Venizelian Liberals won 31 seats, the National Unionist Party 27, the Democratic Socialist Party 7 seats and others three.

Popular vote
HPE
  
55.12%
EPE
  
19.28%
KF
  
14.39%
EKE
  
5.96%
EE
  
2.94%
Others
  
2.32%
Parliament seats
HPE
  
58.19%
EPE
  
19.21%
KF
  
13.56%
EKE
  
5.65%
EE
  
2.54%
Others
  
0.85%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p843
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p859