Greek legislative election, 1964

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Greek legislative election, 1964
Kingdom of Greece
1963 ←
members
19 February 1964 → 1974
members

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Γεώργιος Α. Παπανδρέου 1.jpg Pankanellopoulos.jpg
Leader Georgios Papandreou Panagiotis Kanellopoulos Ioannis Passalidis
Party ΕΚ ERE EDA
Leader since 1961 1963 1951
Last election 126 seats, 42.04% 118 seats, 39.37% 43 seats, 14,34%
Seats won 171 107 22
Seat change +45 -11 -21
Percentage 52.72% 35.26% 11,80%
Swing +10.68% -4.11% +2.54%

PM before election

Georgios Papandreou
ΕΚ

Subsequent PM

Georgios Papandreou
ΕΚ

Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 16 February 1964.[1] They resulted in a clear victory for Georgios Papandreou and his Center Union party.

Papandreou had formed an interim government just after the legislative elections of 1963, in order to carry out new elections, because no party had the absolute majority in the Parliament. The Greek people voted for a strong and robust government, offering the Center Union a landslide victory.

On the other hand, the National Radical Union was too weak, after Constantine Karamanlis had abandoned politics and exiled himself to Paris. The new party leader, Panagiotis Kanellopoulos formed an alliance with the Progressive Party of Spyros Markezinis, an alliance, which offered no gains to the right-wing parataxis. A year before such an alliance could have been more successful.

Another reason for the landslide victory of the Center Union was the indirect support for the centrists by the United Democratic Left (ΕΔΑ), which turned intentionally a part of its electorate towards the Center Union. It was the antipathy towards the conservatives that brought the two parties of the center-left closer.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Centre Union 2,424,477 52.7 171 +33
National Radical Union-Progressive Party 1,621,546 35.3 107 –27
United Democratic Left 542,865 11.8 22 –6
List of Independents 9,951 0.2 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 28,151
Total 4,626,990 100 300 0
Registered voters/turnout 5,662,965 81.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
EK
  
52.72%
ERE-KP
  
35.26%
EDA
  
11.80%
Others
  
0.22%
Parliament seats
EK
  
57.00%
ERE-KP
  
35.67%
EDA
  
7.33%

Aftermath[edit]

Just after the elections, Georgios Papandreou formed his first solid government, which would last till 1965, when a new political turmoil, the so-called Apostasia (lit. "defection"), namely a fierce confrontation with King Constantine II, caused its fall and the appointment of a series of weak governments, comprising centrist defectors and supported by the National Radical Union and King Constantine II.

The elections of 1964 were the last before the enforcement of a military dictatorship, which exploited the endless political unrest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7