Greek legislative election, 1977

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Greek legislative election, 1977
Greece
1974 ←
members
20 November 1977 → 1981
members

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg Andreas Papandreou.jpg GEORGIOS MAVROS.jpg
Leader Constantine Karamanlis Andreas Papandreou Georgios Mavros
Party ND PASOK EDIK
Leader since 4 October 1974 3 September 1974 1974
Last election 220 seats, 54.37% 12 seats, 13.58% -
Seats won 171 93 16
Seat change -49 +81 -
Popular vote 2,146,365 1,300,025 612,782
Percentage 41.84% 25.34% 11.95%
Swing -12.53% +11.76% -

PM before election

Constantine Karamanlis
ND

Subsequent PM

Constantine Karamanlis
ND

Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 20 November 1977.[1] After Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis called for early elections, his New Democracy party suffered a significant loss of power. However, Karamanlis managed to secure an absolute majority in the Parliament. The big surprise was the success of PASOK, whose socialistic rhetoric remained radical. Because of PASOK's success, the Centrists (Union of the Democratic Centre, ΕDIK, former Center Union - New Forces) led again by Georgios Mavros lost half of their power. As a result, Andreas Papandreou, PASOK's leader, became a prominent figure in Greek politics. The Communists (Communist Party of Greece) and the Nationalists managed to amplify their support.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Democracy 2,146,365 41.8 171 –49
Panhellenic Socialist Movement 1,300,025 25.3 93 +81
Union of the Democratic Centre 612,786 11.9 16 +16
Communist Party of Greece 480,272 9.4 11
National Alignment 349,988 6.8 5 New
Progress and Left Forces Alliance 139,356 2.7 2
Party of New Liberals 55,494 1.1 2 New
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece 11,895 0.2 0 0
Popular Democratic Unity 8,839 0.2 0 New
EDE-Trotskyists 1,032 0.0 0 New
Hellenic Christian-Social Union 777 0.0 0 New
Communist ORganisation "Fighter" 321 0.0 0 New
Labour-Agricultural Party of Greece 170 0.0 0 New
Farmer Smoke-Producers Party 84 0.0 0 New
Olympic Democracy 19 0.0 0 New
Independents 22,348 0.4 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 64,120
Total 5,193,891 100 300 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,403,738 81.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ND
  
41.84%
PASOK
  
25.34%
EDIK
  
11.95%
KKE
  
9.36%
EP
  
6.82%
SPADE
  
2.72%
Others
  
1.97%
Parliament seats
ND
  
57.00%
PASOK
  
31.00%
EDIK
  
5.33%
KKE
  
3.67%
EP
  
1.67%
SPADE
  
0.67%
Others
  
0.67%

Aftermath[edit]

In 1979 Greece became European Community's 10th member, despite the opposition of PASOK and the Communists. In 1980, Constantine Karamanlis succeeded Constantine Tsatsos as President of the Republic. George Rallis became Prime Minister and new leader of ND.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7