Greek legislative election, 1981

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Greek legislative election, 1981
Greece
1977 ←
members
18 October 1981
→ 1985
members

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Andreas Papandreou.jpg Charilaos Florakis.JPG
Leader Andreas Papandreou Georgios Rallis Charilaos Florakis
Party PASOK ND KKE
Leader since 3 September 1974 1980 1974
Last election 93 seats, 25.34% 171 seats, 41.84% 11 seats, 9.36%
Seats won 172 115 13
Seat change +79 -56 +2
Popular vote 2,726,309 2,034,496 620,302
Percentage 48.07% 35.87% 10.93%
Swing +22.73% -5.97% +1.57%

PM before election

Georgios Rallis
ND

Subsequent PM

Andreas Papandreou
PASOK

Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on Sunday, 18 October 1981.[1] The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), led by Andreas Papandreou, faced New Democracy, led by Georgios Rallis. Papandreou achieved a landslide and PASOK formed the first socialist government in the history of Greece (in 1963 Centrists had formed a government under the leadership of George Papandreou, Andreas' father, but their party, Center Union, was not a socialist party but a centrist, social-liberal one).

185 of the 300 seats were won by PASOK or the Communist Party: both openly eurosceptic. This was the high point of Greek euroscepticism, coming just months after the country's accession to the European Communities.[2]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Panhellenic Socialist Movement 2,726,309 48.1 172 +79
New Democracy 2,034,496 35.9 115 –56
Communist Party of Greece 620,302 10.9 13 +2
Progressive Party 95,799 1.7 0 New
Communist Party of Greece (Interior) 76,404 1.3 0 New
Party of Democratic Socialism-Peasants and Workers Party 40,126 0.7 0 New
Union of the Democratic Centre 22,763 0.4 0 –16
Liberal Party 20,645 0.4 0 New
Christian Democracy 8,638 0.2 0 New
For a Revolutionary Left 6,595 0.1 0 New
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece 4,700 0.1 0 0
EDE-Trotskyists 1,646 0.0 0 0
Democratic Social Party 1,100 0.0 0 New
Byzantine National Organisation 407 0.0 0 New
Olympic Democracy 95 0.0 0 0
Hellenic Universal Olympic Democracy 5 0.0 0 New
National Refugee Party of Greece "Kimon" 2 0.0 0 New
Independents 11,025 0.2 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 82,421
Total 5,753,484 100 300 0
Registered voters/turnout 7,059,778 81.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
PASOK
  
48.06%
ND
  
35.88%
KKE
  
10.93%
KP
  
1.69%
KKE-ES
  
1.37%
Others
  
2.09%
Parliament seats
PASOK
  
57.33%
ND
  
38.33%
KKE
  
4.33%

Aftermath[edit]

Papandreou's new government introduced several interesting reforms in the wake of its victory (legalization of civil wedding, new family law, nationalization of certain private companies, etc.).

The main opposition party, New Democracy, faced serious internal conflicts. Georgios Rallis was forced to resign after the defeat and he was succeeded by Evangelos Averoff, former minister under Karamanlis governments. In 1984 Averof resigned because of health problems and Konstantinos Mitsotakis became the new leader of New Democracy. Noteworthy, Mitsotakis and Papandreou were both centrists before 1967 and they belonged to the same party, George Papandreou's Center Union. Nevertheless, they were strong opponents and they never liked each other. Papandreou was calling Mitsotakis "a defector, an apostate", because in 1965 he defected from the ruling Center Union and participated in a new government pleasing to Constantine II, who had just accepted George Papandreou's resignation after a serious disagreement between the King and the prime minister.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Verney, Susannah (March 2011). "An Exceptional Case? Party and Popular Euroscepticism in Greece, 1959–2009". South European Society and Politics (Routledge) 16 (1): 51–79. doi:10.1080/13608746.2010.538960.