Greek nationalism refers to the nationalism of Greeks and Greek culture. Greek nationalism became a major political movement beginning in the 1820s resulting in the Greek War of Independence (1821–1829) against the Ottoman Empire. It became a potent movement in Greece shortly prior to, and during World War I under the leadership of nationalist figure Eleutherios Venizelos who pursued the Megali Idea and managed to expand Greece in the Balkan Wars and after World War I, briefly annexed the region of Izmir before it was retaken by Turkey. Today Greek nationalism remains important on the Greco-Turkish dispute over Cyprus.
When the Byzantine Empire was ruled by the Paleologi dynasty (1261-1453), a new era of Greek patriotism emerged, accompanied by a turning back to ancient Greece. Some prominent personalities also proposed the change of the Imperial title to 'Emperor of the Hellenes'. This enthusiasm for the glorious past, contained some elements that were also present in the movement that led to the creation of the modern Greek state, in 1830, after four centuries of Ottoman rule.
During the troubled interwar years Greek nationalism viewed Orthodox Christian Albanians, Aromanians and Bulgarians as communities that could (and should) be assimilated into the Greek nation. Greek irredentism, the "Megali Idea" suffered a setback in the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922), and the Greek genocide. Since then, Greco-Turkish relations have been characterized by tension between Greek and Turkish nationalism, culminating in the Turkish invasion of Cyprus (1974).
- Nationalist Party
- Freethinkers' Party (Greece)
- Greek Rally
- 4th of August Party (defunct)
- National Alignment (defunct)
- Party of Hellenism (defunct)
- National Political Union (defunct)
- Hellenic Front (defunct)
- Front Line (defunct)
- Patriotic Alliance (defunct)
- Popular Orthodox Rally (active)
- Golden Dawn (parliamentary)
- Independent Greeks (parliamentary)
- Rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire
- Filiki Eteria
- Ethniki Etairia
- Ion Dragoumis
- Eleutherios Venizelos
- Ioannis Metaxas
- Georgios Grivas
- Motyl 2001, pp. 201.
- Motyl 2001, pp. 202.
- Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Vasiliev History of the Byzantine Empire, 324-1453, Vol. 2. Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1952, ISBN 9780299809263, p. 582
- Çaǧaptay, Soner (2006). Islam, secularism, and nationalism in modern Turkey: who is a Turk?. Taylor & Francis. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-415-38458-2. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Motyl, Alexander J. (2001). Encyclopedia of Nationalism, Volume II. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-227230-7.