A referendum on becoming a republic was held in Greece on 13 April 1924. It followed the catastrophic outcome of the Asia Minor Campaign in which Greek dreams of recapturing Constantinople were dashed. As a result of the military defeat, King Constantine I was forced to abdicate in favor of his son, King George II. King George himself later went into exile in Romania, the home of his wife, while the government debated the fate of the monarchy. Ultimately, a plebiscite was called. This referendum, following the restoration of the monarchy in 1920, reflected the see-saw nature of the Greek electorate and the then-present dominance of the Liberal and Republican Venizelists in Greek politics and abolished the Crown for 11 years. On 25 March 1924 the Second Hellenic Republic was proclaimed.