Greeks in Austria

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Ephemeris or Ephemeris, the first Greek newspaper was issued in Vienna
View of the Greek Orthodox church of Vienna

The Greek community in Austria numbers between 5,000 and 18,000 people. They are located all around the country but the main community is located in Vienna.

History[edit]

Contacts between the Greeks and the Austrians can be led back in the aristocracy of the Middle Ages. Great economic importance and social acknowledgment attained the Greeks in Austria in the 19th Century.

The Greek Johannes Theodat opened on January, 17th 1685 Vienna's first coffee house. In 1700 four Greeks had the privilege to serve coffee in public.

In the 18th century Vienna was the centre of Greek diaspora where persons like Rigas Pheraios, Anthimos Gazis, Neophytos Doukas and the Ypsilanti family prepared the Greek revolution. The first Greek newspaper was printed there and the Hellenic National School in Vienna is today the oldest such in the world that has remained continuously in operation. In 20th century Austria (and especially Graz and Linz) was a popular destination for Greek students.

Architectural Hertitage[edit]

The Aromanian-Austrian magnate Georgios Sinas (father of Simon Sinas) invited the Danish architect Theophil Hansen who worked in Athens (and had designed there major public buildings like the Zappeion and the Academy of Athens) to design for him some new buildings for his companies in Austria. Other Greek Austrians like Nikolaus Dumba and Ignaz von Ephrussi also gave Hansen contracts for buildings in the Classical Greek style and the Gräzisierter-Neorennaissance-Stil. After Works like the Palais Ephrussi and the Palais Dumba Hansen was famous and build many other public buildings in Austria like the Parliament of Austria and the Musikverein.

In the former Greek Quarter of Vienna at the Fleischmarkt there are the two historical Greek-Orthodox parishes (St George and Holy Trinity). A traditional Austrian Restaurant there is called Griechenbeisl ("Greek Tavern", because of its Greek visitors since 18th century) and a street Griechengasse (Greek Lane").

Notable Austrians of Greek origin[edit]

See also[edit]