Greeks in France

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Greeks in France
Greece France
Chenier.JPEGAdolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPGArtaud manray.jpg
Agnès Varda at Guadalajara Film Festival.jpgCosta-Gavras - Vence.JPGNikos Aliagas NRJ Music Awards 2012.jpg
André Chénier · Adolphe Thiers · Antonin Artaud · Agnès Varda · Costa Gavras · Nikos Aliagas
Total population
3800 (estimated)
Regions with significant populations
Paris, Grenoble, Marseille, Corsica and southern France
Languages
French, Greek
Religion
Greek Orthodoxy

The Greek community in France numbers around 3,800 people. They are located all around the country but the main communities are located in Paris, Marseille and Grenoble.

Demographics[edit]

Greeks in France:[1][2]
Year 1901 1946 1968 1975 1980 1990 1998 2003 2004 2009
Persons 2,902 16,184 9,000 9,580 9,516 6,091 6,443 4,959 3,801

The Greeks of Marseille[edit]

Further information: Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul

Marseille, known as Massalia in Greek, was founded by Greeks from Ionia in 600 BC. The Massaliot Greeks are believed to have introduced viticulture to France. Notable ancient Greeks from Massalia included the great explorer and scientist Pytheas.

Historically the Greek community was composed of merchants, ship-owners, intellectuals and international traders. They participated in the city’s political life or became patrons of its cultural life and the philanthropic activity of some of them was crowned by the Légion d’Honneur.

The Greeks of Corsica[edit]

Main article: Cargèse § History

Corsican Maniots are descendants of Maniots, who migrated to Corsica during the 400 year Ottoman rule over most of Greece. To this day the Cargèse region of Corsica is referred to as Cargèse la Grecque (Cargèse, the Greek). The origins of the Greek Maniots community in Corsica dates back to the end of the 17th century, when Greece was then under Ottoman Turk rule and there was a flow of Greek refugees from the Ottoman Empire. The Maniot Greeks were settled on the island and given lands for farming and animal grazing by the then ruling power, Genoa, as part of a Genoese policy to limit the spread and impact of an emergent Corsican nationalism violently opposed to foreign rule. The Maniots founded their four new villages in Paomia with their own church and culture. As a consequence, the pro-Genoese Greeks in Corsica became the targets of sustained attacks by Corsican nationalists and resentful farmers, and so had to be re-settled several times before finally being given territory around Cargese. Attempts at integrating Greeks into Corsican society involved the establishment of a mixed Greek-Corsican gendermerie. Many Corsican Greeks subsequently left the island for French-ruled Algeria, in a wave of south European settlement of the North African colony sponsored by the French government, but returned to Corsica and elsewhere in France following Algerian independence. They have now become fully assimilated into Corsican and French society, through both intermarriage and education. In general this has resulted in Corsican Greeks losing their separate ethnic-religious identity and knowledge of the Greek language, with even older Cargese inhabitants of Greek ancestry having little if any ability to read or speak Greek.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Quid Géographie humaine (France) - Étrangers en France
  2. ^ (French) Quid 2003, p. 624
  3. ^ Ian Coller, Arab France, University of California Press, 2011, p. viii.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gérard Blanken, Les Grecs de Cargèse (Corse). Recherches sur leur langue et leur histoire.T. I. Partie linguistique, Leyde, 1951 (recension in Revue des études byzantines)
  • Marie-Anne Comnène, Cargèse: une colonie grecque en Corse, Société d'édition "Les Belles lettres", 1959, 92 pages
  • Jean Coppolani, « Cargèse. Essai sur la géographie humaine d'un village corse », Revue de géographie alpine, Année 1949, Volume 37, n° 37-1, pp. 71–108
  • Nicolaos Stephanopoli de Comnène, Histoire de la colonie grecque établie en Corse, Éditeur A. Thoisnier-Desplaces, 1826 (full scanned version on line)

External links[edit]