Green Templeton College, Oxford
|Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford
Green Templeton College
|College name||Green Templeton College|
|Named after||Dr Cecil Howard Green and
Sir John Templeton
|Sister college||St Edmund's College, Cambridge|
|Principal||Sir David Watson|
Location of Green Templeton College within central OxfordCoordinates:
|Green Templeton Boat Club|
|Blazon||Or between two Flaunches Vert on each a Nautilus Shell the aperture outwards Or a Rod of Aesculapius Sable the Serpent Azure|
Green Templeton College (GTC) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. It is the university's newest college having come into existence on 1 October 2008 from the merger of Green College and Templeton College. The merger between Green College and Templeton College was the first in the University's modern history. After being approved by the University Council and the Governing Bodies of both colleges, it was formally announced in July 2007. Green Templeton College (GTC) was officially opened on 1 October 2008.
As an all-postgraduate college, Green Templeton has a single common room for its Students and Fellows, to encourage their interaction. The college focuses on a variety of subjects, especially those in the medical and life sciences, the management sciences, and a range of social sciences.
The college is located on the previous Green College site on Woodstock Road in North Oxford and is centred around the architecturally important Radcliffe Observatory, an 18th-century building, modelled on the ancient Tower of the Winds at Athens.
- 1 History
- 2 Buildings and grounds
- 3 Student life
- 4 Gallery
- 5 People associated with Green Templeton College
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Though by Oxford standards both Green College and Templeton College were relatively young colleges, they each had their own individual history and established culture. Neither was formed as a traditional Oxbridge college.
Established in 1979, Green College was one of the youngest colleges of the University, and was named after its main benefactors: Dr Cecil H. Green, founder of Texas Instruments, and his wife Dr Ida Green. It was one of three colleges established due to his generosity (the others being Green College, University of British Columbia and The University of Texas at Dallas).
Green College was dedicated to human welfare in contemporary society; this was interpreted as an academic focus on medicine. Related disciplines, such as education, the environment and social sciences, however, were also covered.
Thirty percent of its students studied in the field of medicine, about 20% were engaged in postgraduate medical research, and subjects such as social work, environmental change and education studies were other strongholds.
Templeton College was founded when the late Sir John Templeton gave an endowment to the Oxford Centre for Management Studies to raise professional standards in British management. The endowment was one of the largest endowments ever made to a British educational establishment, and the Centre was renamed Templeton College in his memory.
The college emphasised a commitment to lifelong individual development, and aimed to bring together leaders from various fields to explore key issues in management and related policy areas.
Coat of arms
Its shield comprises two primary symbols: the rod of Aesculapius and the Nautilus shell. The rod of Aesculapius was the principal charge of Green College's coat of arms. In Greek mythology, Aesculapius, the son of Apollo, was a medical practitioner. The serpent coiled around his staff symbolises the healing arts. The Nautilus shell was chosen by Sir John Templeton, as symbolising evolution and renewal, and was adopted by Templeton College in 1984.
GTC's crest depicts an heraldic representation of the Sun behind the astronomical device for Venus(♀), acknowledging the historic transit of Venus across the Sun in 1761, which astronomical event prompted the foundation of the Radcliffe Observatory. The crest is emblazoned:
- (On a Helm with a Wreath Or and Vert) In front of a Sun in splendour the rays voided Or the Astrological Symbol for Venus Vert.
Buildings and grounds
The Radcliffe Observatory
Situated at the heart of the College campus, and emblematic of GTC, the Radcliffe Observatory is Green Templeton College's best-known building, and among Oxford's finest too. The observatory was built to enhance Britain's capability to study cosmological events, such as that of the 1761 transit of Venus.
The astronomer Dr Thomas Hornsby, who observed the transit of Venus across the Sun in 1769, suggested the building of an observatory. Building began in 1772 as planned by the architect Henry Keene, and financed by the estate of Dr John Radcliffe (1652–1714). However, Keene died in 1776, before the observatory was completed. After his death, it was completed by James Wyatt (1746–1813). Wyatt based his design on the Greek Tower of the Winds.
Atop the Observatory rests the Tower of Winds. Beneath the Tower are three levels, with rooms on each level. The ground floor is today used as the College dining room. The first floor was originally the library, but is now the college's student-fellow Common Room. The third floor is an octagonal observing room, which is now empty except for some of the original furniture.
The Observatory was a functioning observatory from 1773 until its owners, the Radcliffe Trustees, sold it in 1934 to Lord Nuffield, who then presented it to the Radcliffe Hospital. In 1936 Lord Nuffield established the Nuffield Institute for Medical Research there. In 1979 the Nuffield Institute relocated to the John Radcliffe Hospital, and the Observatory was taken over by Green College.
The Norham Gardens Site
A short walk from Green Templeton's main buildings is 13 Norham Gardens. In 1905 Sir William Osler was appointed to the Regius Professorship of Medicine at Oxford. In 1907, Sir William acquired 13 Norham Gardens, one of the finest houses in Oxford at the time. During the fourteen years of his Regius Professorship, Osler made Norham Gardens a meeting place for academics from all over the world. It became a favourite of medical students, physicians, and scientists, even receiving the label of 'The Open Arms' for the warmth it exuded.
After Osler, 13 Norham Gardens was occupied by another Regius Professor, Sir George White Pickering and after him, the Regius Professor Sir Richard Doll, who was the last Regius Professor to live there. The property of 13 Norham Gardens was then acquired by Green College.
Today, Norham Gardens houses the Osler-McGovern Centre. This Centre serves two functions. Firstly, it follows in Sir Osler’s footsteps by uniting scholars, lecturers and academics. The Centre promotes the art and science of medicine through its workshops, conferences, visiting scholars and post-doctoral Fellows. Secondly, 13 Norham Gardens is also home to the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism (RISJ), established in 2006, and based at Green Templeton College.
Green Templeton also provides laundry facilities, a lecture theatre, a computer room. There are two libraries on-campus: a management library and a medical/social science library.
In the next phase of development, the area to the north-east of the College is to be developed, allowing for the extension of the College's academic departments and residential accommodation.
Green Templeton offers a wide variety of activities to its students. The various GTC clubs and societies include the Boat Club, the Book Club, Choir, Golf Society, LGBT Society, Medical Anthropology Society, Music Society, Richard Doll Society, and the Music Society. College events include the annual college Garden Party, the Summer Ball, the Human Welfare Conference, "Welfare and Wine", formals, and themed "bops", held throughout the year. Lecture series are routinely held for those interested, including the Green Templeton Lectures and those held by the Reuter's Institute.
The college is also active in various sports, especially rowing. It co-owns a boathouse on the Isis with a sizeable fleet, and Green Templeton Boat Club has been competing successfully since its establishment in 2008. Other sports at the College include badminton, basketball, cricket, croquet, football, golf, netball, rugby, running, squash and tennis. The College also has on-site tennis and squash courts.
The college bar, known as the "Stables Bar", is open for drinks in the evenings, and serves as a meeting place and TV forum during the day.
Green Templeton is actively involved in charity work, supporting a local and an overseas charity every year. Both the GCR and the College Charity Committee organise numerous events throughout the year, both at GTC and in Oxford.
Osler House is Oxford University's club for medical students. It is open to students and Fellows involved in research in a range of topics related to human health and welfare. GTC's strong ties with the clinical medicine community are fostered through its affiliation with Osler House. The friendly and comfortable ambience of Osler House is focused around a games room which has pool and table football facilities.
The College publishes a newsletter every term, called "In Transit", as well as an annual GTC Alumni magazine, and the college GCR circulates a weekly electronic newsletter.
People associated with Green Templeton College
- Kunal Basu, author
- Dame Valerie Beral, epidemiologist
- Colin Bundy, First Principal of Green Templeton College
- Rory Collins, epidemiologist
- E. David Cook, theologian
- Sarah Darby, epidemiologist
- Sir Richard Doll, epidemiologist, first Warden of Green College
- Michael Earl, Pro-Vice Chancellor of the University of Oxford
- Sir Vernon Ellis, Barclay Fellow (2002–06)
- Sanjaya Lall, economist
- Peter Friend, surgeon
- Jason Galanis, banker
- Derrick Gosselin, engineer and economist
- Dr Cecil Green, founder of Texas Instruments and Green College
- John Lennox, mathematician
- Sir Richard Peto, epidemiologist
- Stein Ringen, sociologist
- Rosemary Stewart, business theorist
- Sir Crispin Tickell, diplomat and environmentalist, third Warden of Green College
- Michael von Clemm, businessman, restaurateur, anthropologist, former President of Templeton College
- Lord Walton, politician, second Warden of Green College
- Steve Woolgar, sociologist