Green Lantern (Six Flags Great Adventure)

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Green Lantern
Green Lantern (Six Flags Great Adventure).jpg
Entrance to Green Lantern
Previously known as Chang at Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom
Six Flags Great Adventure
Park section Boardwalk
Coordinates 40°08′28″N 74°26′33″W / 40.1411°N 74.4424°W / 40.1411; -74.4424Coordinates: 40°08′28″N 74°26′33″W / 40.1411°N 74.4424°W / 40.1411; -74.4424
Status Operating
Opening date May 25, 2011 (2011-05-25)
Replaced Great American Scream Machine
Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom
Coordinates 38°11′38″N 85°44′45″W / 38.193925°N 85.745743°W / 38.193925; -85.745743
Status Relocated to Six Flags Great Adventure
Opening date April 4, 1997 (1997-04-04)
Closing date September 19, 2009 (2009-09-19)
Cost $12,000,000
General statistics
Type Steel – Stand-up
Manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard
Designer Werner Stengel
Model Custom
Lift/launch system Chain lift hill
Height 154 ft (47 m)
Drop 144 ft (44 m)
Length 4,155 ft (1,266 m)
Speed 63 mph (101 km/h)
Inversions 5
Duration 2:30
Max vertical angle 45°
Capacity 1,556 riders per hour
Height restriction 54 in (137 cm)
Trains 2 trains with 7 cars. Riders are arranged 4 across in a single row for a total of 28 riders per train.
Flash Pass available
Green Lantern at RCDB
Pictures of Green Lantern at RCDB

Green Lantern is a steel stand-up roller coaster located at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, New Jersey. Green Lantern stands 155 feet (47 m) tall and features a top speed of 63 miles per hour (101 km/h). The 4,155-foot-long (1,266 m) ride features five inversions and a duration of approximately 212 minutes. The ride was manufactured by Swiss firm Bolliger & Mabillard.

The ride originally operated at Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom in Louisville, Kentucky from 1997 to 2009, where it was known as Chang. Upon opening in 1997, it set world records for this type of coaster in height, drop, speed, length and number of inversions. The introduction of the ride caused Kentucky Kingdom to achieve record attendance levels. After Six Flags abandoned Kentucky Kingdom in 2009, the ride was relocated to Six Flags Great Adventure. The ride debuted in 2011 as Green Lantern, replacing the former Great American Scream Machine roller coaster.

History[edit]

Chang (1997–2009)[edit]

Aerial photo of green-and-purple roller coaster
Chang at Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom in 2004

Chang ("long" in Mandarin Chinese) opened at Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom on April 4, 1997,[1] setting world records for this type of coaster in height, drop, speed, length and number of inversions.[2][3] When it debuted, Chang had a yellow track and supports.[4] The ride was constructed by Martin & Vleminckx.[5] Around 1999, its track was painted lime green and the support columns violet.[4] In early-2006 the track was returned to its original yellow, while the supports were painted blue.[4] Six Flags originally announced that the ride would have a Batman theme, along with its T2 coaster.[6] T2 was expected to be known as "Batman: The Ride" and Chang "Riddler's Revenge", but those plans were later canceled.[6]

Chang was closed over the weekend of September 19, 2009 and subsequently removed to expand Splashwater Kingdom.[7] The expansion was cancelled, while Six Flags later announced plans to dispose of its Kentucky Kingdom property.[8] The removal of Chang and the closure of Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom caused the owners of the park land (the Kentucky State Fair Board) to sue Six Flags for ownership of the rides.[9]

Green Lantern (2011–present)[edit]

Green-and-yellow roller-coaster track against blue sky
Green Lantern in April 2011, just before its May opening

In 2010, parts from Chang reportedly appeared at Six Flags Great America. The ride was planned to be moved to Six Flags Great America in 2011; the park obtained approval to exceed the 125-foot (38 m) height limit imposed on the park,[10] but plans were later canceled in favor of a water park expansion.[11]

On July 5, 2010 Six Flags Great Adventure announced that its Great American Scream Machine would close on July 18 to make way for a new attraction the following year,[12][13] sparking rumors that Chang would move there in 2011. Although Six Flags did not confirm the speculation, a first look at the park's new-ride layout from the Jackson Township zoning board meeting was posted on the JTown Magazine website[14] and the layout was identical to that of Chang.

On September 16, Six Flags Great Adventure announced that it would open a Green Lantern-themed roller coaster in 2011.[15][16] The specifications released for the new ride matched those of Chang.[17] As part of the relocation, the ride would receive technical renovations and a new coat of paint.[18]

Footers were poured for the ride in December 2010, with track installation beginning the following month. In January 2011, construction of the lift hill was completed. In April 2011 the final pieces of track were put in place.[19]

On May 19, Green Lantern soft-opened to a select group of season-pass holders, media and families from Children's Miracle Network. The ride opened to the public on May 25.[20]

Characteristics[edit]

Location[edit]

Green Lantern is located in the Boardwalk section of the park. Green Lantern is the third roller coaster to occupy this plot of land, following the Sarajevo Bobsled (which ran at Great Adventure from 1984–1988 before moving to Six Flags Great America and Great Escape) and the Great American Scream Machine (an Arrow Dynamics looping coaster which had occupied this area from 1989 to 2010).[13][15][21] Like the Great American Scream Machine, the infield of Green Lantern is covered with gravel. The coaster also reuses the Scream Machine's queue area building.

Manufacturer[edit]

Green Lantern is Six Flags Great Adventure's fifth Bolliger & Mabillard roller coaster, joining Batman: The Ride, Bizarro, Nitro and Superman: Ultimate Flight.[22][23][24][25][26] The coaster is the park's second standup coaster; the first was a smaller coaster manufactured by Intamin, Shockwave, which operated from 1990 to 1992.[22][27] Shockwave had also been installed at Six Flags Magic Mountain, preceding Riddler's Revenge.[28][29]

Theme[edit]

As its name suggests, Green Lantern is themed for the DC Comics character of the same name. The theme was chosen to coincide with the Green Lantern film scheduled for release in 2011.[15] The track is painted green, with the exception of the yellow vertical loop. The second corkscrew was originally the track section which was going to be yellow, but it was decided to switch the scheme to the first loop. The loop is yellow because Green Lantern's enemy is the yellow Parallax. In June 2011, a Parallax cutout with clutching arms through which the train passes was placed at the bottom of the first drop.[30] The ride's queue area features a series of comic-book-style boards relating the story of Hal Jordan (the Green Lantern) and the Green Lantern Corps.[18]

Trains[edit]

Green Lantern currently operates with two steel-and-fiberglass trains. Each train has seven cars with four seats in a single row, for a total of 28 riders.[20] Riders are secured by an over-the-shoulder harness. Although Green Lantern is a stand-up roller coaster, there is a small bicycle seat on which riders can lean.[31]

Ride experience[edit]

Aerial view of green roller coaster
Green roller coaster preparing to go upside-down
Overview of part of Green Lantern's layout (left), and train on the corkscrew after mid-course brake run (right)

Green Lantern is basically a mirrored version of Mantis. After leaving the station the train climbs the 155-foot-tall (47 m) chain lift hill,[20][32] on which the Green Lantern oath is played over loudspeakers along the steps. At the top, the train enters the signature Bolliger & Mabillard pre-drop before making a slightly-banked 180° turnaround. After this, the train drops 144 feet (44 m) into a 121.6-foot-tall (37.1 m) vertical loop.[20][32] Out of the loop, the track rises to the right into a 103.8-foot-tall (31.6 m) diving loop,[20] hugging the first drop of Superman: Ultimate Flight.[32] Riders then rise into a diving turnaround over the station,[32] and the train enters a right-leaning 72-foot-tall (22 m) inclined loop.[20][32] After a small hill, the train then rises to the left into the mid-course brake run.[32] It then drops into a right corkscrew, turning right and weaving through the diving loop.[32] The track then makes a ground-hugging left turn and enters a low, second right corkscrew.[32] After a right turn the train makes a final, 180° left turn into the final brake run before returning to the station.[32] Green Lantern is 4,155 feet (1,266 m) long, with a ride taking about 212 minutes to complete.[20][33]

Records[edit]

At its opening, Chang claimed the record for the tallest vertical loop of any roller coaster in the world. At the time, it was the world's tallest, fastest and longest stand-up coaster.[34] It also claimed records for the largest drop and the most inversions on a stand-up roller coaster.[35] All of these records had eclipsed those set by Mantis,[36] which opened at Cedar Point in 1996. In 1998 Riddler's Revenge opened at Six Flags Magic Mountain, and Chang surrendered its titles.[37]

Reception[edit]

After Chang's 1997 opening at Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom, the park saw a rise in attendance to a record of more than one million visitors.[34] The previous record of about 730,000 was set in 1996.[34] Although the ride was Kentucky Kingdom's marquee attraction,[38] in Mitch Hawker's worldwide Best Roller Coaster Poll Chang peaked at 47 in 1999.[39] The ride's ranking in subsequent polls is shown in the following table:

Mitch Hawker's Best Roller Coaster Poll: Best Steel-Tracked Roller Coaster
Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Ranking
47[39]
[nb 1]
70[40]
102[41]
121[42]
130[43]
154[44]
165[45]
146[46]
137[47]
145[48]

After the ride's relocation to Six Flags Great Adventure, Brady MacDonald of the Los Angeles Times ranked it 8 of the park's 13 roller coasters.[35] Mekado Murphy of The New York Times highlighted the different forces at play on a stand-up roller coaster, compared with a traditional one: "Other coasters create pressure mostly in your upper body; Green Lantern creates pressure in your legs, making them a much more active part of the experience".[18] Both JTown Magazine and The Star-Ledger interviewed a number of park guests and coaster enthusiasts when the Green Lantern opened; all gave favorable reviews.[49][50]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ No steel roller-coaster poll was held in 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Across the USA: News from every state". USA Today (Gannett Company). April 4, 1997. 
  2. ^ Sloan, Gene (June 6, 1997). "New coasters offer superlative thrills". USA Today (Gannett Company). 
  3. ^ "Busiest travel weekend of season". CNN (Turner Broadcasting System). July 4, 1997. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Chang – Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom". CoasterGallery.com. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Bolliger & Mabillard". Martin & Vleminckx. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "1999". Theme Park Timelines. Retrieved January 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Chang Comes Down At Kentucky Kingdom". WLKY-TV. September 21, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Six Flags closes Kentucky Kingdom theme park". NBC News (NBCUniversal). Associated Press. February 5, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ Leonard, Connie (February 24, 2010). "Bankruptcy judge to decide who owns rides at Kentucky Kingdom". Wave3. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Great America gets OK on 150-ft.-high coaster". Chicago Sun-Times (Wrapports LLC). June 12, 2010. Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  11. ^ Susnjara, Bob (September 2, 2010). "Great America plans to expand water park". Chicago Daily Herald (Paddock Publications). Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  12. ^ Six Flags Great Adventure (July 5, 2010). "Hey guys, Scream...". Facebook. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Great American Scream Machine  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  14. ^ "First look at the new Six Flags Great Adventure rollercoaster to be built in 2011". JTOWN Magazine. August 6, 2010. Archived from the original on August 30, 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  15. ^ a b c Ruscitti, Keith (September 16, 2010). "Great Adventure to add new Green Lantern roller coaster". Asbury Park Press (Gannett Company). Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Six Flags Great Adventure: GREEN LANTERN". Six Flags. September 16, 2010. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  17. ^ Levine, Arthur (September 16, 2010). "You May Want to Sit Down for This". About.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  18. ^ a b c Murphy, Mekado (August 25, 2011). "What’s Green and 154 Feet High?". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Green Lantern Construction". Six Flags Great Adventure. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Marden, Duane. "Green Lantern  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  21. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sarjevo Bobsleds  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Six Flags Great Adventure". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  23. ^ Marden, Duane. "Batman The Ride  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  24. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bizarro  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  25. ^ Marden, Duane. "Nitro  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  26. ^ Marden, Duane. "Superman – Ultimate Flight  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  27. ^ Marden, Duane. "Shockwave  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  28. ^ Marden, Duane. "Shockwave  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  29. ^ Marden, Duane. "Riddler's Revenge  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  30. ^ Lobo, Sue. "Green Lantern Roller Coaster Debuts at Six Flags". Atlas Travel. Retrieved May 20, 2011. 
  31. ^ "What is a stand-up roller coaster?". The Coaster Critic. August 25, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i Alvey, Robb (May 19, 2011). "Green Lantern POV Roller Coaster Front Seat Six Flags Great Adventure New Jersey SFGadv". Theme Park Review. YouTube. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  33. ^ Marden, Duane. "Chang  (Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved September 16, 2010. 
  34. ^ a b c "Premier buys Kentucky Kingdom". Daily News. Associated Press. September 27, 1997. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b MacDonald, Brady (July 24, 2011). "Top 10 roller coasters at Six Flags Great Adventure". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  36. ^ "Biz Buzz". March 17, 1997. CNNfn. "The Mantis in Sandusky, Ohio, claims to be the tallest and fastest stand-up roller coaster. Although, the Chang will claim that title when it opens next month in Louisville, Kentucky."
  37. ^ "Six Flags Once Again Breaks the Extreme Thrills Barrier With The Riddler's Revenge – World's Tallest, Fastest and Most Powerful Stand-Up Roller Coaster!". Business Wire. April 1, 1998. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  38. ^ Haeberle, Bennett (October 29, 2010). "Kentucky Kingdom will not re-open until 2012". WDRB-TV Fox 41 News. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  39. ^ a b Hawker, Mitch. "Final Results: 1999 Internet Steel Tracked Roller Coaster Poll". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  40. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Final Results: 2001 Internet Steel Tracked Roller Coaster Poll". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  41. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Final Results: 2002 Internet Steel Tracked Roller Coaster Poll". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  42. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Final Results: 2003 Internet Steel Tracked Roller Coaster Poll". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  43. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Final Results: 2004 Internet Steel Tracked Roller Coaster Poll". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  44. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Detailed Steel Roller Coaster Poll Results 2005". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  45. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Detailed Steel Roller Coaster Poll Results 2006". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  46. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Detailed Steel Roller Coaster Poll Results 2007". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  47. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Detailed Steel Roller Coaster Poll Results 2008". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  48. ^ Hawker, Mitch. "Detailed Steel Roller Coaster Poll Results 2009". Best Roller Coaster Poll. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  49. ^ Genovesse, Matt (May 19, 2011). "Green Lantern "Stand-Up" Coaster Debuts Today At Great Adventure". JTown Magazine. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  50. ^ Galante, Meredith (May 19, 2011). "Green Lantern ride opens to roller coaster enthusiasts at Six Flags Great Adventure". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Mantis
World's Tallest Vertical Loop
April 1997–April 1998
Succeeded by
Riddler's Revenge