Green Lantern (comic book)

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Green Lantern
Cover of Green Lantern #1 (1941).
Art by Howard Purcell.[1]
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule (Vol. 1)
Quarterly: #1-18
Bi-Monthly: #19-38
(Vol. 2)
Bi-Monthly: #1-9; #82-96
8 Times a Year: #10-81
Monthly: #97-224
(Vol. 3)
Monthly: #1-181
(Vol. 4)
Monthly: #1-67
(Vol. 5)
Monthly: #1-22
Format Ongoing series
Genre
Publication date (vol. 1)
Fall 1941 - May–June 1949
(vol. 2)
July–August 1960 - April–May 1972 and August–September 1976 - May 1988
(vol. 3)
June 1990 - November 2004
(vol. 4)
July 2005 - October 2011
(vol. 5)
November 2011 - Present
Number of issues (vol. 1): 38
(vol. 2): 224 plus 3 Annuals and 2 Specials
(vol. 3): 183 (#1-181 plus issues numbered 0 and 1,000,000); 9 Annuals and 1 Green Lantern Plus
(vol. 4): 67
(vol. 5): 31 (#1–26 plus issues numbered 0 and 23.1 through 23.4) and 2 Annuals (as of February 2014 cover date)
Main character(s) Alan Scott
Hal Jordan
John Stewart
Green Lantern Corps
Kyle Rayner
Creative team
Writer(s)
Penciller(s)
Inker(s)
Creator(s) Bill Finger
Martin Nodell
Collected editions
Golden Age Green Lantern Archives Volume 1 ISBN 1-56389-507-2
Green Lantern Archive Volume 1 ISBN 1401202306
The Road Back ISBN 1-56389-045-3
No Fear ISBN 1-4012-0466-X

Green Lantern is an ongoing comic book series featuring the DC Comics heroes of the same name. The character's first incarnation, Alan Scott, appeared in All-American Comics #16, and was later spun off into the first volume of Green Lantern in 1941. That series was canceled in 1949 after 38 issues. When Silver Age Green Lantern Hal Jordan was introduced, that character starred in a new volume of Green Lantern starting in 1960 and has been the main protagonist of the Green Lantern mythos for the majority of the last fifty years.

Although the Green Lantern is considered a mainstay in the DC Comics stable, the series has been canceled and rebooted several times. The first series featuring Hal Jordan was canceled at issue #224, but was restarted with a third volume and a new #1 issue in June 1990. When sales began slipping in the early 1990s, DC Comics instituted a controversial editorial mandate that turned Hal Jordan into the supervillain Parallax and created a new main protagonist named Kyle Rayner. This third volume ended publication in 2004, when the miniseries Green Lantern: Rebirth brought Hal Jordan back as a heroic character once more. After Rebirth's conclusion, writer Geoff Johns began a fourth volume of Green Lantern from 2005 to 2011, and a fifth volume which started immediately after, this time initially showcasing both Hal Jordan and Sinestro as Green Lanterns.

Publication history[edit]

Volume 1 (1941-1949)[edit]

Volume 1 was published from 1941 until 1949 spanning a total of 38 issues. The series featured Alan Scott, the very first Green Lantern character, created by writer/graphic artist Martin Nodell and writer Bill Finger. Alan's first appearance was in the anthology series, All-American Comics #16 (July 1940).[2] The Green Lantern character received his own self-title series in Fall 1941.[3] The first use of the Green Lantern oath was in issue #9 (Late Fall 1943).[4] Artist Alex Toth did some of his earliest comics work on the title beginning with issue #28 (October–November 1947).[5] A canine sidekick named Streak was introduced in #30 (February–March 1948)and the dog proved so popular that he became the featured character on several covers of the series starting with #34.[6] The series was canceled with #38 (May–June 1949).[7] Although there have been several subsequent Green Lantern revival projects over the years, this remains the only series to date to spotlight the character of Alan Scott.

Volume 2 (1960-1972 and 1976-1988)[edit]

Cover for Green Lantern (vol. 2) #86 (October 1971). Art by Neal Adams.

The Silver Age Green Lantern was created by John Broome and Gil Kane in Showcase #22 (October 1959)[8] at the behest of editor Julius Schwartz.[9] Volume 2 of Green Lantern began publication in August 1960.[10] The series spotlighted the Silver Age Green Lantern, Hal Jordan and introduced the expansive mythology surrounding Hal’s forebearers in the Green Lantern Corps. The supervillain Sinestro was introduced in #7 (July–August 1961).[11] In 2009, Sinestro was ranked IGN's 15th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time.[12] Hal Jordan's love interest, Carol Ferris, became the Star Sapphire in issue #16.[13] Black Hand, a character featured prominently in the "Blackest Night" storyline in 2009-2010, debuted in issue #29 (June 1964).[14] A substitute Green Lantern, Guy Gardner first appeared in the story "Earth's Other Green Lantern!" in issue #59 (March 1968).[15]

Green Arrow joined Hal Jordan in the main feature of the title in an acclaimed, but short-lived series of stories by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams beginning with issue #76 (April 1970) that dealt with various social and political issues in which Green Arrow spoke for radical change while Green Lantern was an establishment conservative figure,[16] wanting to work within existing institutions of government and law. Where Oliver Queen advocated direct action, Hal Jordan wanted to work within the system; where Oliver advocated social change, Jordan was more concerned about dealing with criminals. Each would find their beliefs challenged by the other. Oliver convinced Jordan to see beyond his strict obedience to the Green Lantern Corps, to help those who were neglected or discriminated against. As O'Neil explained: "He would be a hot-tempered anarchist to contrast with the cerebral, sedate model citizen who was the Green Lantern."[17] The duo embarked on a quest to find America, witnessing the problems of corruption, racism, pollution, and overpopulation confronting the nation. O'Neil even took on current events, such as the Manson Family cult murders, in issue #78 where Black Canary falls briefly under the spell of a false prophet who advocates violence.[18]

It was during this period that the most famous Green Arrow story appeared, in Green Lantern vol. 2, #85-86, when it was revealed that Green Arrow's ward Speedy was addicted to heroin.[19][20] In his zeal to save America, Oliver Queen had failed in his personal responsibility to Speedy — who would overcome his addiction with the help of Black Canary, Green Arrow's then-love interest. This story prompted a congratulatory letter from the mayor of New York, John Lindsay. Another backup Green Lantern, John Stewart was introduced in #87.[21] Unfortunately, the series did not match commercial expectations and Neal Adams had trouble with deadlines, causing issue #88 to be an unscheduled reprint issue; the series was canceled with issue #89 (April–May 1972). Four months later, Green Lantern began a backup feature in The Flash #217 (Aug.-Sept. 1972) and appeared in most issues through The Flash #246 (Jan. 1977) until his own solo series was revived.[22]

The Green Lantern title returned with issue #90 (Aug.-Sept. 1976)[23][24] and continued the Green Lantern/Green Arrow team format. Julius Schwartz, who had edited the title for most of its run since 1960, left the series as of issue #103 (April 1978).[25] In issue #123 (December 1979), Hal Jordan resumed the title spotlight and Green Arrow left the series.[26] On the advice of artist Joe Staton, editor Jack C. Harris gave British artist Brian Bolland his first assignment for a U.S. comics publisher, the cover for Green Lantern #127 (April 1980).[27] Writer Marv Wolfman and Staton created the Omega Men in Green Lantern #141 (June 1981).[28]

In issue #182, writer Len Wein and artist Dave Gibbons made architect John Stewart, who had been introduced previously in issue #87, the title's primary character.[29] Following the double-sized 200th issue by writer Steve Englehart and Joe Staton,[30] the format changed again, this time altering the title's name to Green Lantern Corps[31] and focusing upon the seven members of an Earth-based contingent of the Corps (including Jordan and Stewart). The series remained as such until its cancellation in 1988 with issue #224.

Volume 3 (1990-2004)[edit]

Cover for Green Lantern (vol. 3) #51 (May 1994), Kyle Rayner's first issue as main character. Art by Darryl Banks and Romeo Tanghal.

Volume 3 began in 1990 and featured Hal Jordan and the Green Lantern Corps in stories by Gerard Jones and Pat Broderick.[32] By the mid-1990s, sales on the book began to fall and an editorial mandate was handed down by DC Comics to drastically change the status quo in order to revitalize the title and characters. This was given in the form of the controversial storyline "Emerald Twilight."[33]

"Emerald Twilight" detailed that in the aftermath of the destruction of Hal Jordan's hometown Coast City (which occurred as part of "The Death of Superman" storyline), Jordan was shown going mad with grief by trying to use his power to resurrect the city and its inhabitants. The Guardians of the Universe found fault with Jordan and stated their intent to strip him of his ring. Jordan responded angrily, and sought not only the destruction of the Guardians, but the Green Lantern Corps itself. He killed countless Green Lanterns in his rampage through the universe to Oa, seemingly killed his arch enemy Sinestro, killed the Guardians and took the power of Oa's Central Power Battery for himself. Gaining unimaginable power over space and time, Jordan became the supervillain Parallax and with that, became the leading antagonist going into DC's 1994 event Zero Hour: Crisis in Time.

After this, Kyle Rayner, a young art student, was introduced as the new protagonist and the "last" Green Lantern, since there was no longer a Corps.[34] Writers Ron Marz and Judd Winick both had long runs with the character, building Rayner's popularity so much that he was included in the lineup of Grant Morrison's Justice League relaunch JLA, and slowly reintroduced more familiar Green Lantern aspects over the ten years Rayner had in the title. Volume 3 culminated in a revival of the Guardians of the Universe, the introduction of Ion, and Kyle taking a journey into space that led directly into the miniseries Green Lantern: Rebirth.

Volume 4 (2005-2011)[edit]

Cover to Green Lantern (vol. 4) #1. Art by Carlos Pacheco.

After the events of Rebirth, in which writer Geoff Johns revealed Parallax to be a parasitic embodiment of fear rather than as an identity of Hal Jordan,[35] a fourth volume of Green Lantern began publication returning Hal Jordan to the prominent Green Lantern in the DC Universe. Johns and artist Carlos Pacheco launched the new series in July 2005.[36] Trying to rebuild his life, Hal Jordan has moved to the nearly deserted Coast City, which is slowly being reconstructed. He has been reinstated as a Captain in the United States Air Force, and works in the Test Pilot Program at Edwards Air Force Base. The series introduces new supporting characters for Hal, most notably a man from Hal's past, Air Force's General Jonathan "Herc" Stone, who learned Hal's secret as Green Lantern during a battle with the Manhunters and acts as his ally. He also begins to develop a romantic attraction with his fellow pilot, the beautiful Captain Jillian "Cowgirl" Pearlman.[37][38][39] The returning characters also include Carol Ferris, Tom Kalmaku, and Hal's younger brother James Jordan with his sister-in-law Susan and their children, Howard and Jane.

In his new title, he faces revamped versions of his Silver Age foes such as Hector Hammond, The Shark and Black Hand.[40][41][42] As part of DC's reconning of the entire universe, as of Green Lantern vol. 4, #10, the book has skipped ahead one year, bringing drastic changes to Hal Jordan's life, as with every other hero in the DC Universe. It is revealed that Jordan spent time as a P.O.W. in an unnamed conflict and has feelings of guilt from his inability to free himself and his fellow captives.[43]

A new account of Green Lantern's origins was released in the 2008 Green Lantern series "Secret Origin." In this new origin, Hal Jordan, is working as an assistant mechanic under Tom Kalmaku himself, barred from flying due to his insubordination while in the USAF and his employers lingering guilt about his father's death in the line of duty, when Abin Sur, fighting Atrocitus of the Five Inversion, crashes near Coast City.[44][45] Hal and the rest of the Green Lantern Corps find themselves at war with Sinestro and his army, the Sinestro Corps during the events of the Sinestro Corps War[46]

Leading into the Blackest Night storyline, the Rage of the Red Lanterns arc features Jordan making use of both Red and Blue power rings.[47][48][49] In the Agent Orange story arc, Hal Jordan is briefly in command of Larfleeze's power battery after he steals it from him in a battle. The orange light of avarice converses with Jordan, his costume changes, and he becomes an Orange Lantern. Larfleeze quickly takes his power battery back from Jordan.[50] The Green Lantern mythology is center stage with the DC crossover event Blackest Night, which sees dead heroes and villains across the DC Universe becoming active as members of the Black Lantern Corps.[51] Combating Black Lanterns with fellow DC characters Flash, Atom, and Mera, Jordan fights alongside the high profile members of every corps in the emotional spectrum, and oversees new DC characters inductions into all the other corps. Jordan and his "New Guardians" move with the other new corps members to combat the Black Lantern Corps and its leader Nekron directly.[52]

After the conclusion to Blackest Night, the Green Lantern title tied in to the aftermath event Brightest Day, with several members of Corps from across the emotional spectrum seeking to gain control of the White Entity that settled on Earth in the final issue of Blackest Night.[53] After the conclusion of Brightest Day, the mad ex-Guardian of the Universe Krona returns, taking control of the Green Lantern Corps and causing Hal, John Stewart, Guy Gardner, and Kyle Rayner to fight their brothers-in-arms across the War of the Green Lanterns event.[54] The War story ends with Hal Jordan killing Krona, an act which alarms the Guardians enough that they strip Hal of his ring and return him to Earth, no longer serving as Green Lantern of Sector 2814. In his place, inexplicably, is Sinestro, former renegade and enemy of the Corps, serving in Hal's place to the shock and chagrin of everyone involved.[55]

On May 31, 2011, it was announced that all published comics taking place within the shared DC Universe would be either canceled or relaunched with new #1 issues, after a new continuity was created in the wake of the Flashpoint event.[56] Green Lantern was no exception, and the first issue of its new volume was released on September 14, 2011.

Volume 5 (2011-current)[edit]

Sinestro on the cover of Green Lantern (vol. 5) #1. Art by Ivan Reis.

DC Comics relaunched Green Lantern with a new issue #1 in September 2011, written again by Geoff Johns and penciled by Doug Mahnke, as part of DC's company-wide title relaunch, The New 52.[57] As with all of the books associated with the DC relaunch, Hal Jordan appears to be about five years younger than the previous incarnation of the character. Superheroes at large have appeared only in the past five years, and are viewed with at best, suspicion, and at worst, outright hostility.

DC Comics editorial confirmed that the entire history of Johns' previous run on the Green Lantern title is still a part of the continuity of The New 52, with major storylines "Rebirth", "Sinestro Corps War", "Blackest Night", and "Brightest Day" all still forming the backbone of the recent history of the characters.[58] As a result, the new volume of Green Lantern continues directly from the events of War of the Green Lanterns, with Sinestro serving as a Green Lantern and Hal Jordan beginning the series powerless on Earth.[59]

The title's first story arc, simply titled "Sinestro", deals with the former renegade's return to the Green Lantern Corps and Hal Jordan's mundane earthbound life. While on patrol, Sinestro visits his home planet of Korugar, and to his horror discovers that the remaining members of the Sinestro Corps have enslaved the planet's populace. In order to assist him in retaking the planet, Sinestro travels to Earth and creates a ring for Hal Jordan, his greatest enemy.[59]

Simon Baz, an Arab-Muslim, becomes the newest Green Lantern in Green Lantern #0.[60]

Collected editions[edit]

Several of the comic books have been collected into individual volumes:

Green Lantern vol. 1[edit]

Green Lantern vol. 2[edit]

  • Green Lantern/Green Arrow:

Green Lantern vol. 3[edit]

Green Lantern vol. 4[edit]

Green Lantern vol. 5 (New 52)[edit]

  • Green Lantern Vol. 1: Sinestro (collects Green Lantern vol. 5 #1-6, 160 pages, Hardcover, May 2012, ISBN 1-4012-3454-2)
  • Green Lantern Vol 2: Revenge of the Black Hand (collects Green Lantern Vol. 5 #7-12, Green Lantern Annual #1, 192 pages, Hardcover, January 2013, ISBN 1-4012-3766-5)
  • Green Lantern Vol 3: The End (collects Green Lantern Vol. 5 #13-20, #0, 224 pages, Hardcover, October 22. 2013, ISBN 1-4012-4408-4)
  • Green Lantern : Rise of the Third Army (collects Green Lantern Annual Vol. 5 #1, Green Lantern Vol. 5 #13-16, Green Lantern Corps Vol. 3 #13-16, Green Lantern: New Guardians #13-16, Red Lantern #13-16, Green Lantern Corps Annual Vol. 3 #1, 416 pages, Hardcover, September 10, 2013, ISBN 1-4012-4499-8)
  • Green Lantern: Wrath of the First Lantern (collects Green Lantern Vol. 5 #17-20, Green Lantern Corps Vol. 3 #17-20, Green Lantern: New Guardians #17-20, Red Lantern #17-20, 416 pages, Hardcover, February 25, 2014, ISBN 1-4012-4409-2)
  • Green Lantern Vol 4: Dark Days (collects Green Lantern #21-26, #23.1: Relic, Green Lantern Annual #2, 200 pages, Hardcover, April 29, 2014, ISBN 1-4012-4744-7)
  • Green Lantern: Lights Out (collects Green Lantern #24, Green Lantern Corps #24, Green Lantern: New Guardians #23-24, Red Lanterns #24, Green Lantern Annual #2, Green Lantern #23.1: Relic, 192 pages, Hardcover, June 24, 2014, ISBN 1-4012-4816-0)
  • Green Lantern Vol 5: Test of Wills (collects Green Lantern #27-34, Green Lantern Corps #31-33, 256 pages, Hardcover, October 29, 2014, ISBN 1-4012-5089-0)

Collections with multi-series spans[edit]

  • Green Lantern Corps: Through The Ages (collects Green Lantern Vol. 2 #30, Green Lantern Vol. 4 #3, Showcase #22, Green Lantern Gallery, Green Lantern: Emerald Dawn #4 and Green Lantern Secret Files 2005)[98]
  • Green Lantern: In Brightest Day (Green Lantern Vol. 2 #7, 40, 59, 162, 173, 177, 182, 183 and 188, Green Lantern Vol. 3 #51, Green Lantern Corps Quarterly #6 and Green Lantern Corps Annuals #2, ISBN 978-1-4012-1986-4)[99]
  • Green Lantern: The Greatest Stories Ever Told (collects Green Lantern Vol. 2 #1, 31, 74, 87, 172, Green Lantern Vol. 3 #3, Flash/Green Lantern: Brave/Bold #2, Showcase #22 and Green Lantern Secret Files 2005, ISBN 1-4012-0961-0)[100]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Green Lantern #1 at the Grand Comics Database
  2. ^ Wallace, Daniel; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1940s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "Railway engineer Alan Scott underwent an unexpected career change into the costumed hero Green Lantern in a story by artist Martin Nodell (using the pseudonym 'Mart Dellon') and writer Bill Finger." 
  3. ^ Wallace "1940s" in Dolan, p. 37: "In Fall's Green Lantern #1, the ring-slinging hero received his own series with story and art duties handled by Bill Finger and Mart Nodell."
  4. ^ Wallace "1940s" in Dolan, p. 45: "Green Lantern created a catchphrase for the ages in this issue, with the first reading of what would become the official Green Lantern oath. In a tale by writer Al Bester and artist Martin Nodell, Alan Scott charged his mystical ring [while reciting an oath]."
  5. ^ Wallace "1940s" in Dolan, p. 56: "This issue featured some of the earliest DC work by talented young artist Alex Toth...Alongside other newcomers such as Joe Kubert and Carmine Infantino, Toth helped bring a fresh look to the pages of DC."
  6. ^ Wallace "1940s" in Dolan, p. 59: "The debut of Streak the Wonder Dog in a story by writer Robert Kanigher and artist Alex Toth wasn't a good sign for Green Lantern...Streak took over the cover of issue #34 in September, but he couldn't save his master's series from cancel[l]ation the following year."
  7. ^ Wallace "1940s" in Dolan, p. 61: "In a sign of the end of the Golden Age of Comics, Green Lantern ended its run with a story by John Broome and Irwin Hasen. To add insult to injury, Green Lantern was nowhere to be seen on the cover of Green Lantern #38."
  8. ^ Irvine, Alex "1950s" in Dolan, p. 95: "DC had decided to revamp a number of characters to inject new life into the genre. Writer John Broome and artist Gil Kane ensured that Green Lantern got his turn in October's Showcase #22."
  9. ^ Daniels, Les (1995). "Green Lantern Lit Again Comics Get Cosmic Consciousness". DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. Bulfinch. p. 124. ISBN 0821220764. "To write adventures on a cosmic scale that had never really been attempted in a super hero series before, [Julius] Schwartz called on his friend John Broome." 
  10. ^ McAvennie, Michael "1960s" in Dolan, p. 101: "Almost a year after being deemed worthy of carrying the Green Lanterns' precious Battery of Power in Showcase #22 (October 1959), test pilot Hal Jordan had earned the right to fly solo in his own ongoing series"
  11. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 103: "On 'The Day 100,000 People vanished', the Guardians warned Hal Jordan of the culprit responsible: Sinestro, a renegade Green Lantern who had been stripped of his power and banished to the Antmatter Universe of Qward."
  12. ^ "Sinestro". IGN. 2009. Archived from the original on September 30, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2012. "Originally one of the greatest Green Lanterns, Sinestro has always had a dark side and a overwhelming lust for power and control. After his actions were discovered by his masters, he was exiled for punishment." 
  13. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 105: "In his first confrontation with Star Sapphire, Green Lantern didn't realize he was actually battling his lady love, Carol Ferris. As was revealed by scribe John Broome and artist Gil Kane..."
  14. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 111: "Scribe John Broome and artist Gil Kane split this issue into two stories...William Hand, introduced in a cameo by Kane, informed readers of a power light he invented to collect remnant energy from Green Lantern's power ring."
  15. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 129: "John Broome's script and Gil Kane's renderings debuted a character who would one day become a Green Lantern - Guy Gardner."
  16. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p.139 "Real-world politics have always gone hand-in-hand with comics and their creators' own personal perspectives. Yet this was never more creatively expressed than when writer Denny O'Neil and artist Neal Adams paired the liberal Green Arrow with the conservative Green Lantern."
  17. ^ O'Neil, Dennis; Adams, Neal (2004). "Introduction". Green Lantern/Green Arrow Collection. DC Comics. ISBN 1401202241. 
  18. ^ O'Neil, Dennis (w), Adams, Neal (p), Giacoia, Frank (i). "A Kind of Loving, a Way of Death!" Green Lantern v2, 78 (July 1970)
  19. ^ Greenberger, Robert; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2004). "Green Arrow". The DC Comics Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley. p. 130. ISBN 9780756605926. 
  20. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 146 "It was taboo to depict drugs in comics, even in ways that openly condemned their use. However, writer Denny O'Neil and artist Neal Adams collaborated on an unforgettable two-part arc that brought the issue directly into Green Arrow's home, and demonstrated the power comics had to affect change and perception."
  21. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 150: "An injury to Guy Gardner prompted the Guardians of the Universe to recruit African-American architect John Stewart as green lantern Hal Jordan's new back-up"
  22. ^ Greenberger, Robert (May 2013). "Green Lantern The Emerald Backups". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (64): 3–9. 
  23. ^ Green Lantern at the Grand Comics Database
  24. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171 "After a four-year hiatus, Green Lantern's ongoing series made a triumphant return to DC's publishing schedule...Returning writer Denny O'Neil partnered himself with artist Mike Grell, choosing to focus the title on sci-fi and super-heroics."
  25. ^ Julius Schwartz' run on Green Lantern at the Grand Comics Database
  26. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 183: "After forty-six issues fighting side-by-side with green Arrow, Green Lantern flew solo once more."
  27. ^ Bolland, Brian; Pruett, Joe ed. (2006). "The 1970's - Green Lantern". The Art of Brian Bolland. Image Comics. p. 102. ISBN 1582406030. 
  28. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 193 Green Lantern #141 "DC's newest science-fiction franchise, a band of over one hundred aliens called the Omega Men." " They gave Green Lantern a run for his money in this issue written by Marv Wolfman, with art by Joe Staton, and the Omega Men went on to gain their own ongoing series in 1983."
  29. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 209: "Architect John Stewart was chsen as Green Lantern Hal Jordon's permanent replacement as guardian of space sector 2814 in this issue by writer len Wein and artist Dave Gibbons."
  30. ^ DeAngelo, Daniel (December 2013). "Emerald Rebirth: The Story Behind Green Lantern #200". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (69): 71–73. 
  31. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 219: "The adventures of everyone's favorite space cops were given a new title thanks to writer Steve Englehart and artist Joe Staton. Now focusing not just on Green Lantern Hal Jordan, The Green Lantern Corps gave an equal spotlight to all the defenders of Space Sector 2814."
  32. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 245: "Writer gerard Jones and penciller Pat Broderick jump-started the further adventures of Hal [Jordan] and company by beginning Green Lantern's third ongoing series, which would last an impressive 181 issues."
  33. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 264: "In 'Emerald Twilight', a three-issue saga penned by new writer Ron Marz and drawn by artists Bill Willingham, Fred Haynes, and Darryl Banks, longtime Green Lantern Hal Jordan set out to right the wrongs done to him."
  34. ^ Wallace "Green Lantern" in Dougall, p. 133
  35. ^ Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 315: Parallax was no longer merely an insane Hal Jordan but the living embodiment of fear.
  36. ^ Cowsill "2000s" in Dolan, p. 320: "After successfully bringing Hal Jordan back as the Green Lantern in Green Lantern: Rebirth, writer Geoff Johns remained ast the helm for Hal Jordan's further adventures."
  37. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Pacheco, Carlos; Van Sciver, Ethan (p), Merino, Jesus; Van Sciver, Ethan (i). "Airborne" Green Lantern v4, 1 (July 2005)
  38. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Pacheco, Carlos (p), Merino, Jesus (i). "No Fear" Green Lantern v4, 2 (August 2005)
  39. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Pacheco, Carlos (p), Merino, Jesus (i). "Flight Delay" Green Lantern v4, 3 (September 2005)
  40. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Van Sciver, Ethan (p), Van Sciver, Ethan (i). "Alienated" Green Lantern v4, 4 (October 2005)
  41. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Van Sciver, Ethan (p), Rollins, Prentis (i). "Feeding Frenzy" Green Lantern v4, 5 (November 2005)
  42. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Bianchi, Simone (p), Bianchi, Simone (i). "Black Sheep" Green Lantern v4, 6 (December 2005)
  43. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair; Reis, Ivan (i). "Wanted: Hal Jordan Chapter Four" Green Lantern v4, 17 (April 2007)
  44. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair (i). "Secret Origin, Part 1" Green Lantern v4, 29 (May 2008)
  45. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair (i). "Secret Origin, Book 2" Green Lantern v4, 30 (June 2008)
  46. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Van Sciver, Ethan (p), Van Sciver, Ethan (i). "Sinestro Corps, Prologue: The Second Rebirth" Green Lantern: Sinestro Corps Special 1 (August 2007)
  47. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair (i). "Rage of the Red Lanterns, Part Two" Green Lantern v4, 36 (January 2009)
  48. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair; Ferreira, Julio (i). "Rage of the Red Lanterns Part Three" Green Lantern v4, 37 (February 2009)
  49. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair (i). "Rage of the Red Lanterns Part Four" Green Lantern v4, 38 (March 2009)
  50. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Tan, Philip; Barows, Eddy (p), Glapion, Jonathan; José, Ruy (i). "Agent Orange Part Four" Green Lantern v4, 42 (August 2009)
  51. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair (i). "Blackest Night Part 1" Blackest Night 1 (September 2009)
  52. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Reis, Ivan (p), Albert, Oclair; Prado, Joe (i). "Die!" Blackest Night 6 (February 2010)
  53. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Mahnke, Doug (p), Alamy, Christian; Champagne, Keith; Irwin, Mark; Mahnke, Doug (i). "The New Guardians Chapter One" Green Lantern v4, 53 (June 2010)
  54. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Benes, Ed; Syaf, Ardian (p), Benes, Ed; Hunter, Rob; Cifuentes, Vicente (i). "War of the Green Lanterns Prologue" Green Lantern v4, 63 (April 2011)
  55. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Mahnke , Doug (p), Alamy, Christian; Nguyen, Tom; Champagne, Keith; Irwin, Mark (i). "War of the Green Lanterns Conclusion" Green Lantern v4, 67 (August 2011)
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External links[edit]