Green Light (John Legend song)

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"Green Light"
Single by John Legend featuring André 3000
from the album Evolver
Released July 29, 2008
Format Digital download, CD single, airplay
Recorded 2008; Wine-O-Cellar
(College Park, Georgia)
PatchWerk Recording Studios
(Atlanta, Georgia)
Genre
Length 4:44 (Album Version)
4:19 (US Radio Edit)
3:54 (International Radio Edit)
Label
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
Certification Platinum (RIAA)
John Legend singles chronology
"Each Day Gets Better"
(2008)
"Green Light"
(2008)
"If You're Out There"
(2008)
André 3000 singles chronology
"Royal Flush"
(2008)
"Green Light"
(2008)
"Dedication to My Ex (Miss That)"
(2011)
Alternative cover
Digital cover

"Green Light" is a song recorded by American R&B singer-songwriter John Legend. It was written by Legend, Andre Benjamin, Fin Greenall, James Ho and Rick Nowels for his third studio album Evolver (2008). Produced by Malay and KP, the song was released as the first single on August 26, 2008 through Columbia Records. The song features vocals from American rapper André 3000. "Green Light" shows a shift in musical style for Legend, opting for a funk and electro sound composed of electronic synths and fast, synthesized beats. The song also features the use of several horn instruments, including the saxophone, trombone and trumpet.

"Green Light" was well received by contemporary music critics who praised it for the departure in musical style and called it a "certified club banger". The single performed well on the charts, reaching number twenty-four on the Billboard Hot 100, tying for "Ordinary People" as Legend's highest peaking single on the chart. It also stands as his best selling single, earning a platinum certification by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). It reached its highest peak in Belgium, reaching number two on the singles chart. The music video for "Green Light" was directed by Alan Ferguson. It features Legend and Benjamin pursuing women at a house party while including visual effects created by Baked FX.

Background[edit]

"Green Light" was written by John Stephens, Andre Benjamin, Fin Greenall, James Ho and Rick Nowels and produced by Malay and KP. In an interview with British music publication Blues & Soul, Legend discussed the creation process to make the song. "Initially I was working in the studio with a guy called Rick Knowles, who’s not known for making a buncha dance songs but is a good writer! And one of the songs we worked on turned out to be ‘Green Light’. He started playing this guitar groove, put a beat to it... And, because it was uptempo and felt good, the melody and lyric came to me pretty quickly." Legend then showed the product to Kawan "KP" Prather, his A&R representative at the time, who then collaborated with Malay to re-produce the song.

After listening to the final product, they decided to enlist American rapper André 3000 Benjamin, saying "‘Cause it just sounded like something he’d do!" They sent it to Benjamin, who "loved it" and expressed interest in being featured on it, almost immediately writing and recording his rap. Legend commented that once he heard Benjamin on "Green Light", he stated "to me it straightaway felt like the album’s first single! It seemed like the kind of thing that would grab people’s attention, it sounded like a great record, and it felt like it would be a big hit... And to me it STILL feels like that!”"[1] "Green Light" was released as the first single from Evolver (2008). The song was serviced to rhythmic and urban radios on August 19, 2008, through GOOD Music and Columbia Records.[2][3] Through Columbia, the song was released for digital distribution on August 26, 2008.[4]

Composition[edit]

"Green Light" represents a departure from Legend's previous musical works. Nathan S. of DJ Booth noted that the song still uses the "same smooth vocals and spare melodies" present in his previous ballads.[5] Musically, the song is an uptempo and light electro-funk club banger.[6][7] The song utilizes horns,[8] saxophone,[8] trombone,[8] trumpets,[8] double time drum loops,[6] synthesizers, computerized handclaps,[9] and busy hip-hop beats.[10] Andy Kellman of Allmusic noted that the synthesizers featured on the song are similar to those utilized in Paul McCartney's 1979 holiday single "Wonderful Christmastime" and Kanye West's 2007 single "Flashing Lights" (Graduation, 2007).[11] Alex Macpherson of The Guardian said that the song's "skittery beats and swooning synths" are reminiscent of Kelis's 2004 single "Millionaire" (Tasty, 2003).[12] Legend raises his vocals to the falsetto register on the song's hook.[10] According to the digital music sheet published at Musicnotes.com by BMG Rights Management, the song is written in a key of G major.[13] It has a moderately fast tempo with a time signature of 150 beats per minute.[13] Legend's vocals range from a low register of D4 to a high register of A5.[13]

Response[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Andy Kellman of AllMusic selected it as one of the album's top tracks, noting that it benefits from André 3000's "upstaging, off-the-cuff, don't-give-a-damn appearance" but criticized it for sounding like "increasingly bad fit with each play, full of simpleminded gestures."[11] Ryan Ogle of ARTISTdirect called "Green Light" and "If You're Out There" "well-received and welcome" departures from his previous style of music.[7] Mark Edward Nero of About.com wrote a positive review of the song, writing "If John Legend is selling out by looking for a pop hit, then selling out has rarely sounded so fun."[14] In the review of Evolver for the same publication, Nero praised it as being "arguably his first bona fide club banger".[9] DJ Z of DJ Booth called the pairing of John Legend and André 3000 "an absolute musical match", stating that it is "so harmonious, in fact, that it should have plenty of fans clamoring for an entire collaborative project."[15] Christine Van Dusen of Paste Magazine said that the song was almost as good as "Used to Love U" (Get Lifted, 2004).[16] A reviewer for Yahoo! Voices said the song "features a strong verse from Andre 3000 and is all around very well done."[17] Claire Allfree of Metro called "Green Light" an "effervescent dance-floor filler".[18] Eric Henderson of Slant Magazine wrote that " Andre's near-apathetic wordplay on the former is hardly the way to fulfill the legacy of "Bombs Over Baghdad," nor is Kanye's "kiddies"/"titties" rhyming scheme on the latter going to get him into graduate school, but as guest spots on a John Legend album, they are the sonic equivalent of unclenching buttocks."[19] Eric R. Danton of Sound Check welcomed the "dazzling, ebullient wordplay" presented by Andre 3000 on the track.[10]

Chart performance[edit]

On September 20, 2008, almost a month after the single's release, "Green Light" debuted at number ninety-six on the Billboard Hot 100. On December 6, 2008, the song peaked at number twenty-four, tying with Legend's 2005 single "Ordinary People" (Get Lifted, 2004) as his highest peaking single on the chart.[20] One week later, the song peaked at number four on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs.[21] The song was certified platinum in the United States by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on February 25, 2010.[4] The song has sold 1,247,000 copies in the U.S. as of June 2014.[22]

In Canada, the single debuted on the Canadian Hot 100 at number 94 on August 16, 2008. Three weeks later, the song peaked at number eighty.[23] "Green Light" is Legend's only single to chart in Canada.[23] In the United Kingdom, "Green Light" entered the singles chart at number ninety-five on September 27, 2008.[24] On November 1, 2008, the song peaked at number thirty-five.[24] "Green Light" debuted on the Belgium Singles Chart at number thirty on August 18, 2008.[25] The song rose to its peak at number two on September 27, 2008, but fell off chart the following week.[26] In Italy, the song peaked on the singles chart at number nineteen on October 30, 2008.[27]

Music video[edit]

A music video has been filmed and was released on August 22, 2008 on FNMTV. André 3000 appears in the video along with Legend. Singer Estelle also makes an appearance in the video. Visual effects and editorial for the video were created by Baked FX, previously Baked Goods. The video starts with John Legend singing on the piano to his best-selling single, "Ordinary People". After that, the video proceeds to a wild party. At the end of the video, a snippet from Legend's song "Good Morning", also on Evolver, is played during the morning after, while Legend and André 3000 leave the house and other party guests remain asleep.

"The song is simple. It's just me trying to pick up a girl at a club and convince her to come have some fun with me. [The video] definitely has that story line in it, but we just take it kind of different places to do some unexpected visual things. We have this surreal kind of dance sequence, and it features synchronized swimmers and showgirls. We just throw a little extra twist on it. We wanted to mix a current, modern feel with an old-school, classic Hollywood feel because the song has kind of a big-band quality to it as well as a more modern dance-song quality. We wanted to mix the two different parts."[28]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Recording, mastering and mixing
Personnel

Credits taken from Evolver liner notes.[8]

Formats and track listings[edit]

UK CD
  1. "Green Light" (International radio edit)
  2. "Green Light" (Johnny Douglas radio edit)

Charts[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lewis, Pete (October 9, 2008). "John Legend: An Evolving Legend". Blues & Soul. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  2. ^ "R&R :: Going for Adds :: Rhythmic". Going for Adds. Radio and Records. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  3. ^ "R&R :: Going for Adds :: Urban". Going for Adds. Radio and Records. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "American single certifications – John Legend – Green Light". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  5. ^ Nathan S. "John Legend - Evolver - Hip Hop Album Review". DJ Booth. The DJ Booth LLC. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Brown, August (October 28, 2008). "Album review: John Legend's 'Evolver'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Ogle, Ryan (October 31, 2008). "Album Reviews: Evolver by John Legend". ARTISTdirect. Rogue Digital, LLC. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "John Legend – Evolver (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs". Discogs. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "John Legend - Evolver". About.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Danton, Eric R. (October 27, 2008). "CD Review: 'Evolver' by John Legend". Sound Check. blogs.courant.com. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Kellman, Andy. "Evolver - John Legend". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  12. ^ Macpherson, Alex (October 16, 2008). "Urban music review: John Legend: Evolver". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c "John Legend - Green Light Sheet Music (Digital Download)". Musicnotes.com. BMG Rights Management. Retrieved June 17, 2012. 
  14. ^ Nero, Mark Edward (July 28, 2008). "John Legend feat. Andre 3000 - "Green Light"". About.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  15. ^ DJ Z. "John Legend ft. Andre 3000 - Green Light - Listen". DJ Booth. The DJ Booth LLC. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  16. ^ Van Dusen, Christine. "John Legend: Evolver". Paste Magazine. Paste Media Group. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  17. ^ "John Legend Evolver Early Album Review". Yahoo! Voices. Yahoo! Inc. October 22, 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  18. ^ Allfree, Claire (October 19, 2008). "John Legend still evolving". Metro. Associated Newspapers Limited. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  19. ^ Henderson, Eric (October 27, 2008). "John Legend: Evolver". Slant Magazine. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "John Legend Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for John Legend.
  21. ^ a b "John Legend Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for John Legend.
  22. ^ a b Paul Grein (June 11, 2014). "Chart Watch: Sam Smith Zooms Into Top 10". Yahoo Music. 
  23. ^ a b c "John Legend Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for John Legend.
  24. ^ a b c "John Legend" UK Singles Chart.
  25. ^ "ultratop.be - ULTRATOP BELGIAN CHARTS - August 18, 2008" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  26. ^ "ultratop.be - ULTRATOP BELGIAN CHARTS - September 27, 2008" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Ultratop & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  27. ^ a b "Italiancharts.com – John Legend feat. André 3000 – Green Light". Top Digital Download. Hung Medien. 
  28. ^ Ochoa, John (July 23, 2008). "John Legend Says Synchronized Swimmers, Showgirls Set 'Green Light' Video Apart - Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Ultratop.be – John Legend feat. André 3000 – Green Light" (in Dutch). Ultratip.
  30. ^ "Ultratop.be – John Legend feat. André 3000 – Green Light" (in French). Ultratip.
  31. ^ "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
  32. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – John Legend feat. André 3000 – Green Light" (in Dutch). Mega Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  33. ^ "John Legend feat. André 3000 – Green Light – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  34. ^ "John Legend Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs for John Legend.
  35. ^ "John Legend Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for John Legend.
  36. ^ "Year End Charts - Year-end songs - The Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved November 7, 2010. 
  37. ^ "American single certifications – John Legend – Green Light". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 15 June 2012.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH

External links[edit]