Green Line (Lebanon)
The Green Line was a line of demarcation in Beirut, Lebanon during the Lebanese Civil War from 1975 to 1990. It separated the mainly Muslim factions in West Beirut from the Christian Lebanese Front in East Beirut. The appellation refers to the coloration of the foliage that grew because the space was uninhabited. Many of the buildings along the Green Line were severely damaged or destroyed during the war. Since the end of hostilities, however, many of the buildings have been rebuilt within the framework of the urban renewal project of Solidere in Beirut Central District.
The Green Line did not simply divide Muslim from Christian. Before the civil war, Beirut was a cosmopolitan, multiethnic city with significant Maronite, Shiite, Sunni, Druze, Armenian and Greek Orthodox communities. The Maronites and Muslim Sunni and Shiite were well separated by the Green Line, while the others were more mixed between East and West Beirut.
The Siege of West Beirut
After the Syrian military withdrew from East Beirut in August 1982, the Palestine Liberation Army was dispatched to the Green Line under the command of the Syrians. The residents on both sides of the line disapproved of the presence of the Palestine Liberation Army.
- The Beirut Green Line, 1975 - 1990 (Green Line-related photographs and academic papers)
- Beirut video postcards
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