Green Party (Brazil)

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Partido Verde
President José Luiz de França Penna
Founded January, 1986
Headquarters SDS Edifício Miguel Badya, 216
Brasília
Ideology Green politics
International affiliation Global Greens, Federation of the Green Parties of the Americas
Colors Green
TSE Identification Number 43
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
15 / 513
Seats in the Senate
1 / 81
Website
http://www.pv.org.br/
Politics of Brazil
Political parties
Elections
Part of a series on
Green politics
Sunflower symbol

The Brazilian Green Party (Portuguese: Partido Verde, PV) was constituted after the military dictatorship period and, like other Green Parties around the world, is committed to establishing a set of policies on ensuring social-democracy and sustainable development. One of the party's founding members was the journalist and former anti-dictatorship revolutionary Fernando Gabeira (a federal deputy since 1995), Alfredo Sirkys and Carlos Minc.

Platform[edit]

Among the main items on PV's agenda are federalism, environmentalism, human rights, a form of direct democracy, parliamentarism, welfare, civil liberties, pacifism and marijuana legalization under specific conditions.

The party, however, argues to be in a position on the political spectrum that supposedly goes beyond the issue "left-right", considered by its members to be anachronistic and unrealistic. Many critics also believe that the party broke the limit not to be a small party set in the context of the "legends of rent" (used by political parties only to be elected). This image is rejected by one of the theoreticians of the party, Tibor Rabóczkay, in the book Rethinking the Brazilian Green Party, with the argument that the going round and round between legends is so common in the big parties, as in the small ones. The author, however, acknowledges that in the effort to achieve the 5% barrier imposed by the barrier clause ("law of exclusion policy" in the words of Rabóczkay), the green party has opened its doors to politicians who are not concerned with ecological issues and consequently, tend to be amorphous benches from the green.

History[edit]

The Green Party was established in January 1986. It was founded by environmentalists and other activists from social movements, taking as their most expressive leaders Carlos Minc, who soon returned to the PT, Fernando Gabeira, Alfredo Sirkis, Domingos Fernandes, Jose Luiz de France Penna and Mr Sarney Filho.

At the last legislative elections, 1 October 2006, the party won 13 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no out of 81 seats in the Senate.

After Lula's election as president of Brazil in 2002, the Green Party was assigned the Ministry of Culture, to which pop singer Gilberto Gil was appointed.

In the 2010 presidential election, the Green Party candidate Marina Silva gained 19.3% of the vote, thus contributing to Dilma Rousseff's failure to gain 50% of the votes, making a run-off election necessary.[1]

Green Party in São Paulo[edit]

The party is divided in the state in 21 river basins, where the capital are 4 basins – The Watershed are the regional governments of PV in the state of São Paulo. They are bringing together the municipal executive of the party. The state chairman of the party, provisionally, is Regina Gonçalves and the chairman of the municipal capital is Galeão Carlos Camacho.

Representation in government[edit]

The party is not a major political force in the country, unlike some of its similar Europeans (as the Green Party of Germany). For a long time its sole representative in Congress was the National Deputy Federal Fernando Gabeira, elected by Rio de Janeiro (1995–1998, 1999–2002; after brief period in Workers Party, Gabeira returned to PV in 2005). During twenty-eight months, beginning in 2003, the party formed the basis of support for Lula's government, breaking up in the second half of May 2005, after stating general dissatisfaction with the environmental policies of the government. Gilberto Gil, the former Minister of Culture in Lula's government is nonetheless a member of the party, and President of National PV is the Potiguar Jose Luiz de France Penna, which succeeded the former councillor Rio Alfredo Sirkis, a former Municipal Secretary of Environment and Municipal Secretary of Urbanism of Rio de Janeiro (also former candidate for President of the Republic by PV in 1998), in different administrations of Cesar Maia. Who also desponta for subtitles is the dep. Zequinha Sarney, of Maranhao, former Minister of the Environment in the government Fernando Henrique Cardoso The party also differs from similar Europeans in low turnover in partisan positions and accumulation of power in the hands of, relatively, few people In the meantime, is equal to the other Brazilian political associations.

After the aggregation of votes, on 3 October 2006, the Green Party reached 3.6% of valid votes, with 3,368,560 valid votes.

In 2007, the National Convention was held in Brasília – DF, marked by legal challenges and complaints about the misuse of the Fund Partidário. Justice has come to stop the vote, guaranteed by point. Some critics of the administration of Penna in national PV were threatened with expulsion or expelled, as Paulo Moraes and Francis of Assisi (ex-pres. The PV / RJ). Complaints pass and the TSE evaluates suspend the fund of the party in 2008. Mr. Gabeira also speaks about reviewing the program's subtitle, which has since been widely criticised in the media.

Electoral results[edit]

Presidential[edit]

Election year Candidate 1st round 2nd round
# of overall votes  % of overall vote # of overall votes  % of overall vote
1998 Alfredo Sirkis 212,866 0.3 (#6)
2010 Marina Silva 19,636,359 19.3 (#3)

Congress[edit]

Election year Chamber of Deputies Senate Notes
# of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1998 292,694 0.4
1 / 513
163,425 0.3
0 / 27
2002 1,182,364 1.4
5 / 513
Increase 4 962,719 0.6
0 / 54
Steady 0
2006 3,368,561 3.6
13 / 513
Increase 8 1,425,765 1.7
0 / 27
Steady 0
2010 3,710,366 3.8
15 / 513
Increase 2 5,047,797 3.0
0 / 54
Steady 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-11463857. BBC News. October 4, 2010. Retrieved 4/10/2010.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
40 – BSP (PSB)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
43 – GP (PV)
Succeeded by
44 – PRP