Green Party (Norway)

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Green Party
Spokesperson Hilde Opoku
Rasmus Hansson
Founded 29 October 1988
Headquarters Oslo
Youth wing Green Youth
Membership 5,000 (2013)[1]
Ideology Green politics
Political position Centre-left[2]
International affiliation Global Greens
European affiliation European Green Party
Colours Green
Parliament
1 / 169
County councils
2 / 728
Municipal councils
18 / 10,781
Website
www.mdg.no
Politics of Norway
Political parties
Elections

The Green Party (Bokmål: Miljøpartiet De Grønne, Nynorsk: Miljøpartiet De Grønne, Northern Sami: Birasbellodat Ruonát) is a Norwegian political party. The party has one member of parliament (gaining 2.8% in the 2013 elections) and also has some representation in municipal councils (gaining 1.3% in the 2011 elections).[3] Green Party has been described as centrist or centre-left. However, the party claims distance to the two dominant political blocs represented by Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet or Solberg's Cabinet jointly denominated as "the fossil block".[4]

The Green Party is a member of the European Green Party and the Global Greens, and was founded with the German Greens as its stated model.[5]

History[edit]

The process of forming a new national green party in Norway was initiated in December 1984, with the official launch in 1988.[6] Among the pioneers were the late philosopher Arne Næss,[7] peace researcher Johan Galtung,[8] and the philosopher Sigmund Kvaløy Setreng.

In the local elections between 1991 and 2009 the Green Party had 6 - 8 representatives elected each time. In the national elections the party never exceeded 1% support.

Since 2005, the Greens have seen a significant membership rise, with the new members coming from a wide variety of other parties, including the seven established parliamentary parties.[9]

In the municipal elections of 2011, the party saw its first local breakthrough, having garnered close to 22,000 votes on a national basis. Two years later, during the campaign for the 2013 general election, the party saw a significant rise in support in the opinion polls. The Greens were widely expected to gain parliamentary representation to some extent.[10] In the election, the Greens gathered over 79,000 votes, making them the 8th biggest party in the country. This vote count translates to 2.8 percent of the vote. Rasmus Hansson, the party's top candidate from Oslo was elected to parliament, becoming the first ever Green MP.[11]

Ideology[edit]

The Green Party is one of the global ecologist and environmentalist political parties and movements.[12] As a member of the pan-European European Green Party, the Norwegian Greens subscribe to social progressivism and social justice.[13][14] The main focus of the party is environmental protection and ecological sustainability. The party seeks to introduce a tax on wasteful consumption, and to reorganise the food industry. The Greens have also pledged support for a reform in the agrarian industry, increasing the production of organic crops and strengthening the eco-friendly agricultural sector.[15]

The Green party seeks to reduce the Norwegian petroleum extraction in order to counteract serious climate change. The proposal is to stop extraction by 2033.[16]

The party does not have a leader in the traditional sense, rather it is led by the national executive committee which consists of seven persons. Among the board members, two persons (currently Rasmus Hansson and Hilde Opoku), act as national spokespersons for the party. All party representatives are elected during the annual party convention.

Election results[edit]

The party's member of Parliament, Rasmus Hansson, being interviewed by the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation on the 2013 election night
National spokeswoman Hanna Marcussen
Storting elections
Date Votes Seats Position Size
#  % ± pp # ±
1989 10,136 0.4% + 0.4
0 / 165
Steady 0 9th
1993 3,054 0.1% - 0.3
0 / 165
Steady 0 12th
1997 5,884 0.2% + 0.1
0 / 165
Steady 0 11th
2001 3,785 0.2% + 0.0
0 / 165
Steady 0 13th
2005 3,652 0.1% - 0.1
0 / 169
Steady 0 12th
2009 9,286 0.3% + 0.2
0 / 169
Steady 0 10th
2013 79,152 2.8% + 2.5
1 / 169
Increase 1 Opposition 8th

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miljøpartiet De Grønne, SNL
  2. ^ En mild grønn vind i norske byer: MDGs lokale gjennombrudd (in Norwegian)
  3. ^ "Landsoversikt per parti" (in Norwegian). 
  4. ^ Av Miljøpartiet De Grønne (21 May 2013). "Verken rød eller blå, men grønn" (in Norwegian). Miljøpartiet De Grønne. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  5. ^ http://blogg.bt.no/preik/2013/01/16/de-gronne-banker-pa-2/#.VDr5Mrtvt2Y
  6. ^ "Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne" (in Norwegian). Allkunne. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  7. ^ Schwarz, Walter (15 January 2009). "Obituary: Arne Næss". The Guardian. 
  8. ^ "Nordlys : Johan Galtung mottok æresmedlemskap" (in Norwegian). Nordlyspuls.no. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  9. ^ "De Grønnes historie - Siste nytt - innenriks, utenriks" (in Norwegian). Tv2.no. 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  10. ^ Tom Hetland (2013-08-16). "Blir Dei Grøne årets sensasjon?" (in Norwegian). TV 2. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  11. ^ MP.http://www.nettavisen.no/politikk/article3675551.ece
  12. ^ "Om oss" (in Norwegian). Miljøpartiet De Grønne. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  13. ^ "Velferd og arbeidsliv" (in Norwegian). Miljøpartiet De Grønne. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  14. ^ "Utvikling og bistand" (in Norwegian). Miljøpartiet De Grønne. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  15. ^ "Livskvalitet | Miljøpartiet De Grønne". Mdg.no. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  16. ^ "Fornybar fremtid" (in Norwegian). Miljøpartiet De Grønne. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 

External links[edit]