Green Party (Sweden)
|Miljöpartiet de Gröna|
|Founded||20 September 1981|
|Headquarters||Pustegränd 1-3, Stockholm|
|International affiliation||Global Greens|
|European affiliation||European Green Party
The European Alliance of EU-critical Movements
|European Parliament group||The Greens–European Free Alliance|
|Politics of Sweden
|Part of a series on|
The Green Party (Swedish: Miljöpartiet de Gröna, literally "Environment Party – the Greens", commonly referred to in Swedish as Miljöpartiet, MP) is a political party in Sweden based upon green politics. The party was founded in 1981, emerging out of a sense of discontent with the existing parties' environmental policies, and sparked by the anti-nuclear power movement following the 1980 nuclear power referendum. The party's breakthrough would come in the 1988 general election when they won seats in the Swedish Riksdag for the first time, capturing 5.5 percent of the vote, and becoming the first new party to enter parliament in seventy years. Three years later, they dropped back below the 4 percent threshold, but returned to parliament again in 1994, and since have retained representation there. The party is represented nationally by two spokespeople, always one man and one woman. These roles are currently held by Gustav Fridolin and Åsa Romson.
Since 3 October 2014, the Green Party is the minor partner to the Swedish Social Democratic Party in the Löfven Cabinet minority coalition government, the first time that the Greens have entered government in Swedish history. Considered one of the weakest Swedish governments in decades, on 3 December Löfven called for snap elections as their budget proposal was defeated in parliament, after only two months in power.
- 1 Ideology
- 2 Leadership and organization
- 3 Electoral politics
- 4 Electoral results
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
In their party platform, the Greens describe their ideology as being based on "a solidarity that can be expressed in three ways: solidarity with animals, nature, and the ecological system", "solidarity with coming generations", and "solidarty with all of the world's people". The platform then describes these solidarities being expressed in "several fundamental ideas", these being participatory democracy, ecological wisdom, social justice, children's rights, circular economy, global justice, nonviolence, equality and feminism, animal rights, self-reliance and self-administration, freedom, and long-sightedness.
Climate change and the environment
The Green Party was the first political party in Sweden to raise the issue of climate change. Fighting climate change is a major policy issue for the party. For example, the party's main criticism of The Alliance's 2010 election manifesto was the "entirely astonishing" lack of effort in fighting climate change, and in 2013, the party announced a budget proposal that was dominated by a 49 million kronor "climate package". The party supports a general shift in taxation policy, towards high taxes on environmentally unfriendly or unsustainable products and activities, hoping to thus influence people's behavior towards the more sustainable.
The anti-nuclear movement was a major factor in the party's creation. The party's party platform reads that "we oppose the construction of new reactors in Sweden, or an increase in the output of existing reactors, and instead want to begin immediately phasing out nuclear power." MP Per Bolund clarified in 2010 that the party "does not propose shutting down nuclear power reactors today, but rather phasing them out as new and renewable electricity is phased in."
The party was initially opposed to membership in the European Union, and sought a new referendum on the issue. The party's EU-opposition captured them 17 percent of the votes in the 1995 European Parliament election, the first following Sweden's EU ascension. The Greens included withdrawal from the EU in their party platform as recently as 2006.
This policy was abolished in a September 2008 internal party referendum. However, the party remains somewhat Eurosceptic. The section of the party platform on the subject opens by citing how decentralization and making decisions as locally as reasonably possible is a central part of green politics. It continues to state that the Greens "are warm adherents to international cooperation. We want to see Europe as a part of a world of democracies, where people move freely over borders, and where people and countries trade and cooperate with each other."
Leadership and organization
The Greens, like many other green parties around the world, do not have a party leader in the traditional sense. The party is represented by two spokespeople, always one male and one female. The current spokespersons are Gustav Fridolin and Åsa Romson. The spokespeople are elected annually by the party congress, up to a maximum of nine, one-year terms.
The party congress, consisting of elected representatives of all of the party's local groups, is the highest decision making organ in the Green Party. The congress, in addition to the two spokespeople, also fills many other important posts in the party, including a party board (Swedish: partistyrelse), which is the party's highest decision-making authority between party congresses, and the day-to-day operation of the party's national organization. The congress also elects a party secretary (Swedish: partisekreterare), who is an internal, organizational leader for the party. The current party secretary, initially elected by the 2011 party congress, is Anders Wallner.
It is often believed that the party is situated on the left on a left-right scale due to its co-operation with the Social Democratic Party. While the right-left scale is primly based on which social group a party has its support base in, the Green Party bases its ideology on the idea of human race survival – which not is an idea belonging to a particular social group. The party participated in a political and electoral coalition called the Red-Greens with the Social Democrats and Left Party from October 2008 until the 2010 general election in September 2010, and has vowed to co-operate with the Social Democrats until 2020. In several municipalities, however, the Greens cooperate with liberal and conservative parties, and the party does not define itself as left, nor right. Rather, they place themselves on one end of a scale between sustainability and growth. In an article published in 2009, Maria Wetterstrand, then party co-spokesperson, defined the party as a natural home also for green-minded social liberals and libertarian socialists, by referring to its liberal policy regarding immigration and its support of personal integrity, participation and entrepreneurship, among other issues.
In the 2014 general election, the Greens received 6.9% of the vote, again winning 25 seats in the Riksdag.
|Members of SACO||16||+6|
|Public sector employees||12||+2|
|Local government employees||12||+2|
|Members of TCO||11||+1|
|Private sector employees||9||-1|
|Raised outside Sweden||7||-3|
|Members of LO||7||-3|
|On sick leave||7||-3|
|All groups (total)||10||0|
The party does not directly participate in elections to the Church of Sweden, but Miljöpartister i Svenska kyrkan (English: Greens in the Church of Sweden), an independent nominating group, participates in church elections at all levels.
Relationship with other parties
The Green Party has a good relationship with the Social Democrats, and to a lesser extent, with the Left Party. The party does not rule out participation in a government with the minor liberal and center-right parties in Sweden. The Green Party on first entering the Riksdag, allied with the Conservative Bloc in opposition to the Social Democrats. The Green Party has made clear that its preference among cooperative arrangements with the Conservative Bloc does not include support of a government led by the liberal-conservative Moderate Party. Historically, however, there have been political deals concluded with the parties forming the centre-right Alliance, as an example concerning education. Co-operation with the Conservative Party on the municipal level are relatively frequent.
|This table is incomplete. (September 2013)|
|Riksdag||County councils||Municipal councils||Ref.|
|Votes||Seats won||+/–||Votes||Seats won||+/–||Votes||Seats won||+/–|
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won
- Elections in Sweden
- Green politics
- Green Youth (Sweden)
- List of environmental organizations
- Referendums in Sweden
- Worldwide green parties
- Eriksson, Göran (January 14, 2014), "Inte uppenbart vad som ska lyfta MP", Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish)
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
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- Gemma Loomes (17 June 2013). Party Strategies in Western Europe: Party Competition and Electoral Outcomes. Routledge. p. 130. ISBN 978-1-136-59302-4.
- "Swedish Green Party". www.mp.se. Miljöpartiet de Gröna. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
- Ljunggren, Stig-Björn (2010). "Miljöpartiet De Gröna. Från miljömissnöjesparti till grön regeringspartner". Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift 112 (2). Retrieved 1 October 2013.
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- "Partiledarna litar inte på Lars Ohly". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). 3 October 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Wetterstrand, Maria (17 November 2009). "Wetterstrand: De gröna ett naturligt hem för socialliberaler". Newsmill (in Swedish). Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- Holmberg, Sören; Näsman, Per; Wänström, Kent (2010). Riksdagsvalet 2010 Valu (Report). Sveriges Television. http://svt.se/content/1/c8/02/15/63/14/ValuResultat2010_100921.pdf. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
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