Green S

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Green S
Green S sodium.png
Green S ball-and-stick.png
CAS number 3087-16-9 YesY
PubChem 91525
ChemSpider 82646 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C27H25N2NaO7S2
Molar mass 576.62 g/mol
Melting point 210 °C (410 °F; 483 K) (decomposes)[1]
R-phrases R22
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Green S is a green synthetic coal tar triarylmethane dye with the molecular formula C27H25N2O7S2Na.

As a food dye, it has E number E142. It can be used in mint sauce, desserts, gravy granules, sweets, ice creams, and tinned peas. Green S is prohibited as a food additive in Canada, United States, Japan, and Norway.[citation needed] It is approved for use as a food additive in the EU[2] and Australia and New Zealand. [3]

Green S is a vital dye, meaning it can be used to stain living cells. It is used in ophthalmology, among fluorescein and rose bengal, to diagnose various disorders of the eye's surface.

Green S may cause allergic reactions and is one of the colorants that the Hyperactive Children's Support Group recommends to be eliminated from the diet of children.


Eighteenth Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), Wld Hlth Org. techn. Rep. Ser., 1974, No. 557. FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series, 1974, No. 54. Presented in [1]