Green whip snake

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Green whip snake
Hierophis viridiflavus.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Hierophis
Species: H. viridiflavus
Binomial name
Hierophis viridiflavus
(Lacépède, 1789)
Synonyms

Coluber gyarosensis Mertens, 1968
Hierophis gyarosensis (Mertens, 1968)

The green whip snake or western whip snake (Hierophis viridiflavus) is a species of snake in the Colubridae family. There is a larger, often pure black variant found in Southern Italy and referred to there as 'Il Biacco'.

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Andorra, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, and possibly Luxembourg.

Habitat[edit]

Its natural habitats are temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, arable land, pastureland, plantations, rural gardens, and urban areas.

Venom and toxicity[edit]

Commonly regarded as non-venomous, it is described that a subject who endured 'sustained biting' of up to 5 minutes began showing suspect symptoms, including problems with neuromotor skills.[1] It is described that a gland called the Duvernoy's gland, maybe similar to the venom gland, has some responsibility.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Some seemingly harmless snakes possess a secret venomous gland par Rachel Nuwer, smithsonianmag.com. October 18, 2013.