Green acouchi

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Green acouchi
Myoprocta pratti.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Dasyproctidae
Genus: Myoprocta
Species: M. pratti
Binomial name
Myoprocta pratti
Pocock, 1913

The green acouchi, Myoprocta pratti, is a species of rodent in the acouchi genus, part of the family Dasyproctidae, from South America. Its distribution is in western Amazonia, west of the Rios Negro and Madeira, in northwestern Brazil, northeastern Peru, eastern Ecuador, southeastern Colombia, and southern Venezuela. There is substantial variation within this range, and the Green Acouchi, as currently recognized, may contain more than one species. Because the application of the scientific name acouchy, currently in use for the Red Acouchi, has historically been disputed, the name Myoprocta acouchy has sometimes been used for this species instead of Myoprocta pratti.[2]

Physiology[edit]

An adult green acouchi weighs around 1 kilogram[3] and has a short tail.[3] The acouchi is a frugivore[4] and so is prone to the dental disease caries.[4]

Behavior[edit]

Green acouchis are diurnal, surface dwelling rodents and have a complex array of behavior patterns relating to social interaction.[5] In addition, they are food hoarders, employing a scatter hoarding strategy.[5]

Reproduction[edit]

Female acouchis have an average oestrus cycle length of around 43 days[6] and have a set breeding season between autumn-spring with a 99-day gestation.[6] Females produce small litters of relatively precocial young,[7] mothers produce a 'purring' vocalisation to maintain contact with young.[7] Unusually pregnant acouchis do not specifically nest build but will instead choose a preferred nest site for the first week of lactation.[7] Mothers can become very aggressive after parturition and raise their litters in isolation;[7] weaning is extended and young remain with the mother for several weeks or months post-weaning to benefit from the mother's protection.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catzeflis, F., Weksler, M. & Bonvicino, C. (2008). Myoprocta pratti. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  2. ^ Voss, R.S., Lunde, D.P. and Simmons, N.B. 2001. Mammals of Paracou, French Guiana: a Neotropical lowland rainforest fauna. Part 2. Nonvolant species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 263:1-236.
  3. ^ a b Weir, B.J. (1967). "The care and management of laboratory hystricomorph rodents". Lab Anim. 1: 95–104. 
  4. ^ a b Sone, K.; Koyasu, K.; Tanaka, S.; Oda, S. (2005). "Effects of diet on the incidence of dental pathology in free living caviomorph rodents". Oral Biology 50: 323–331. doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2004.09.010. 
  5. ^ a b Morris, D. (1962). "The behaviour of the green acouchi (Myoprocta pratti) with special reference to scatter hoarding". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 139: 701–732. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1962.tb01601.x. 
  6. ^ a b Weir, B.J. (1971). "Some observations on reproduction in the female green acouchi, Myoprocta pratti". Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 24: 193–201. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0240193. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Kleiman, D.G. (1972). "Maternal behaviour of the Green acouchi (Mycoprocta pratti Pocock), a South American caviomorph rodent". Behaviour 43: 48–84. doi:10.1163/156853973X00472.