Greenbushes, Western Australia

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Greenbushes
Western Australia
Greenbushes WA Blackwood Road.jpg
Blackwood Road in Greenbushes, in the 1920s
Greenbushes is located in Western Australia
Greenbushes
Greenbushes
Coordinates 33°51′S 116°04′E / 33.85°S 116.06°E / -33.85; 116.06Coordinates: 33°51′S 116°04′E / 33.85°S 116.06°E / -33.85; 116.06
Population 342 (2006)[1]
Established 1889
Postcode(s) 6254
Location 250 km (155 mi) S of Perth
LGA(s) Shire of Bridgetown-Greenbushes
State electorate(s) Blackwood-Stirling
Federal Division(s) O'Connor

Greenbushes is a timber and mining town located in the South West region of Western Australia.

History[edit]

Greenbushes was founded as a mining town in 1888 following a surveyor's discovery of tin in 1886.[2] Greenbushes was named after the bright green bushes that contrasted against the grey eucalyptus trees.[3] The railway from Donnybrook to Bridgetown opened in 1898, with Greenbushes station located approximately six kilometres north of the main townsite.[3] The area surrounding the train station was renamed North Greenbushes to reduce confusion.[3]

The town experienced a period of economic boom until the international price of tin slumped in 1893, which caused the Greenbushes industry to collapse.[2] By 1913, approximately one quarter of Greenbushes' inhabitants were working in the timber industry, which was established shortly after the first mine.[2]

Industry[edit]

Greenbushes' two major industries are mining, producing tantalite concentrates, lithium minerals, tin metal and kaolin; and timber milling.[4] Agriculture, viticulture, tourism and art galleries are also part of Greenbushes' industry.[4]

The Greenbushes mine, located to the south of the town, has produced lithium concentrate since 1985.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Greenbushes (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  2. ^ a b c "Travel: Greenbushes". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  3. ^ a b c Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  4. ^ a b "Shire of Bridgetown-Greenbushes: Business and Industry". Retrieved 2008-01-15. 
  5. ^ "Greenbushes Lithium Operations". 

External links[edit]