Greencastle, Indiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Greencastle
City
City of Greencastle
City hall
City hall
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 39°38′32″N 86°51′22″W / 39.64222°N 86.85611°W / 39.64222; -86.85611Coordinates: 39°38′32″N 86°51′22″W / 39.64222°N 86.85611°W / 39.64222; -86.85611
Country United States
State Indiana
County Putnam
Township Greencastle
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Mayor Susan Murray
 • Clerk-treasurer Lynda Dunbar
 • City council Greencastle Common Council
Area[1]
 • Total 5.29 sq mi (13.70 km2)
 • Land 5.24 sq mi (13.57 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 853 ft (260 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 10,326
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 10,331
 • Density 1,970.6/sq mi (760.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 46135
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-29358
GNIS feature ID 0435428
Website http://www.cityofgreencastle.com

Greencastle is a city in Greencastle Township, Putnam County, Indiana, United States, and the county seat of Putnam County.[4] It was founded in 1821 by English American Ephraim Dukes on a land grant. He named the settlement for his hometown of Greencastle, Pennsylvania.[5] Greencastle was a village or town operating under authority of the Putnam County commissioners until March 9, 1849, when it became a town by special act of the local legislature. Greencastle, Indiana, officially became a city after an election held on July 8, 1861.[6] The first mayor of Greencastle was E. R. Kercheval, a member (during his lifetime) of the Freemason Temple Lodge #47.[7] The city became the county seat of Putnam County.[4] The population was 10,326 at the 2010 census.[8] It is located near Interstate 70 between Terre Haute and Indianapolis in the west-central portion of the state.

Education[edit]

Public Schools

Greencastle's public schools are operated by the Greencastle Community School Corporation.[9] The Greencastle School Corporation consists of one Central Office; one High School, Greencastle High School,[10] which hosts grades 9th through 12th; one Middle School, Greencastle Middle School,[11] which hosts grades 6th through 8th; one Intermediate School, Tzouanakis Intermediate School,[12] which hosts grades 3rd through 5th and two Primary Schools, Martha J. Ridpath Primary School (also known as Ridpath Primary) and Deer Meadow Primary School[13] which each host kindergarten through 2nd grade.

Private Schools

Peace Lutheran School[14] is a private school in Greencastle, Indiana, which according to their website is "an outreach of Peace Lutheran Church." It was founded in 1984 as a preschool. In 1995, kindergarten was added as a half-day program. The year 2002 marked the beginning of the Primary School with the addition of 5th grade. (In Indiana, Primary Schools are typically interpreted as 1st through 2nd, 3rd, or 4th grades.) As of 2011, the school hosts grades kindergarten through 6th grade.

Colleges and Universities

DePauw University is a private national liberal arts college.[15] It was originally founded as Indiana Asbury University in 1837 as an all men's school. In 1867, Laura Beswick, Mary Simmons, Alice Allen, and Bettie Locke Hamilton (then Bettie Locke), the chief founder of Kappa Alpha Theta, America's first college sorority, became the University's first four female co-eds.[16]

DePauw today has an enrollment of about 2400 students. Students hail from 42 states and 32 countries with a 20.4%[citation needed] multicultural enrollment. DePauw's liberal arts education gives students a chance to gain general knowledge outside of their direct area of study. DePauw consistently ranks among the top 50 liberal arts colleges in America in both U.S. News & World Report rankings and Kiplinger’s “best value” list. In a 2009 Center for College Affordability & Productivity ranking published in Forbes magazine, DePauw was ranked No. 42 under “America’s Best Colleges.”[17]

Ivy Tech Community College (also Ivy Tech) is the nation's largest state-wide community college with single accreditation. A 33,300 square foot, $8.6 million Ivy Tech campus was completed in 2009 in Greencastle. The Ivy Tech branch in Greencastle is also assisted financially by The Putnam County Community Foundation.[18]

Other Educational Facilities

Putnam County Public Library in Greencastle; Formerly Carnegie Public Library

Greencastle is the home of the Putnam County Public Library, a public library which serves patrons from Putnam County and surrounding counties.[19] Services include books, books on CD and MP3, ebooks, movies, music, newspapers, magazines, computer and Internet access, Wi-fi, inter-library loan, programming for all ages, author series, book discussion groups and multiple public meeting rooms. The Putnam County Public Library is a Carnegie Library and was built in 1903. In 1996, a large addition made the library what it is today.

Greencastle also once had a municipal Carnegie library, which is now known as The William Weston Clarke Emison Museum of Art (otherwise known as The Emison Museum of Art or The Emison Art Center). The library became a museum in 1986, and was renamed to honor the financial contributions of James W. Emison, a longtime member of DePauw University's Board of Trustees and benefactor of the University, and other Emison family members.[20] The building was constructed in 1908. The Emison Art Center was originally the Depauw University (then, Indiana Asbury University)campus library.

The Putnam County Museum houses a "permanent collection of nearly 2,000 Putnam County related artifacts offers the county residents and visitors a historical overview of the county, including its significance during the Civil War and a glimpse into everyday life of Putnam residents in the past. The Museum also showcases the Putnam County contemporary artists in revolving exhibits, featuring at least one new artist every month."[21]

Geography[edit]

Greencastle is located at 39°38′32″N 86°51′22″W / 39.64222°N 86.85611°W / 39.64222; -86.85611 (39.642297, −86.855988).[22]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 5.29 square miles (13.7 km2), of which 5.24 square miles (13.6 km2) (or 99.05%) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) (or 0.95%) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

German V-1 mounted atop a limestone Victory Vee, located on the Putnam County Courthouse Square. The V-1, commonly known as a “buzz bomb,” was a flying bomb and precursor to the modern cruise missile. It is one of only two V-1s in the United States[citation needed]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 10,326 people, 3,368 households, and 1,989 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,970.6 inhabitants per square mile (760.9 /km2). There were 3,742 housing units at an average density of 714.1 per square mile (275.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.4% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 3,368 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 27.4 years. 19% of residents were under the age of 18; 28.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 18.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 9,880 people, 3,353 households, and 2,038 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,864.6 people per square mile (719.8/km²). There were 3,532 housing units at an average density of 666.6/sq mi (257.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.91% White, 2.67% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.43% of the population.

There were 3,353 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 27.3% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,798, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $30,940 versus $20,889 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,351. About 7.6% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Historical Events and Places In Greencastle[edit]

Events[edit]

  • John Herbert Dillinger, Jr. (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster and bank-robber in the Depression-era United States. He was charged, but never convicted, with the murder of an East Chicago police officer whom he shot in the knee while fleeing the scene of his heist. John Dillinger's largest haul (i.e. bank robbery) was at the Central National Bank in Greencastle, Indiana, one of two banks he robbed in Indiana.[25] In Our Past, Their Present: Historical Essays on Putnam County Indiana, John J. Baughman writes, "On Monday, October 23, 1933, four armed men entered the Central National Bank of Greencastle and escaped with $74,782.09. The Dillinger robbery became one of the major events of Greencastle history."[26]
  • Since the Indiana Association of Communities and Towns (IACT) began awarding the "Green Communities of the Year" in 2008, only Greencastle has garnered the honor in back-to-back-to-back years.[27]
  • In March 2011, Greencastle was one of two Indiana cities selected as a “Stellar Community” by the state of Indiana[citation needed]. Stellar Communities is a major grant program began this year by Indiana to stimulate major changes and spark growth in smaller communities. The city will receive approximately $19 million over three years in state funding to support various repair, renovation and revitalization projects.[28]

Places[edit]

Greencastle and the surrounding Putnam County communities are home to 17[29] historical sites according to the National Register of Historical Places.

In Greencastle:

  • The Appleyard, farm of Alexander C. Stevenson
  • The Boulders house
  • Brick Chapel United Methodist Church
  • Courthouse Square Historic District
  • Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity house
  • East College of DePauw University
  • Richard M. Hazelett house ("Sunny Hill")
  • Alfred Hirt house
  • McKim Observatory, DePauw University
  • F.P. Nelson house ("The Towers")
  • Lycurgus Stoner house
  • William C. Van Arsdel house ("The Elms")

Surrounding communities:

  • Samuel Brown house ("The Brick"), Roachdale
  • Melville F. McHaffie Farm ("Schuyler Arnold Seed Farm"), Stilesville
  • James Edington Montgomery O'Hair house, Brick Chapel
  • Putnam County Bridge No. 159 ("Reelsville Bridge"), Reelsville
  • Putnamville Presbyterian Church ("Putnamville Methodist Church"), Putnamville

Greencastle also has three historic neighborhoods – Old Greencastle, the Eastern Enlargement and the Northwood Neighborhood – according to the State of Indiana, though they are awaiting placement on the National Registry.[30]

Climate[edit]

Humid continental climate is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa"(Hot Summer Continental Climate).[31]

Climate data for Greencastle, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(40)
11
(51)
17
(63)
23
(74)
28
(83)
30
(86)
29
(85)
26
(79)
19
(67)
11
(52)
4
(39)
17
(62.9)
Average low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−6
(21)
−1
(31)
6
(42)
11
(51)
16
(61)
18
(64)
17
(62)
13
(55)
7
(44)
1
(33)
−5
(23)
5.8
(42.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
58
(2.3)
97
(3.8)
97
(3.8)
119
(4.7)
122
(4.8)
107
(4.2)
94
(3.7)
94
(3.7)
80
(3)
86
(3.4)
80
(3)
1,103
(43.1)
Source: Weatherbase [32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "Putnam County, IN". National association of counties. 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  5. ^ Putnam County Indiana Government Web Pages
  6. ^ Weik's History of Putnam County Indiana, by Jesse W. Weik, A.M.; B.F. Bowen & Company, Publishers Indianapolis Indiana, pg. 235
  7. ^ "de beste bron van informatie over temple47fandam". temple47fandam.org. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  8. ^ "Greencastle city, Indiana". American factfinder. U.S. census bureau. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  9. ^ Greencastle Community School Corporation
  10. ^ Greencastle High School: Home
  11. ^ Greencastle Community School Corporation
  12. ^ Greencastle Community School Corporation
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ Peace Lutheran School
  15. ^ DePauw University
  16. ^ Bettie Locke
  17. ^ "#42 DePauw University". Forbes.com. 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  18. ^ Ivy Tech Community College – Greencastle Indiana Endowment:: Putnam County Community Foundation
  19. ^ Putnam County Public Library
  20. ^ Major Renovation of Emison Art Center Will Create a 'Teaching Museum' at DePauw
  21. ^ "Home". Putnamcountymuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  22. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  24. ^ "Pearl Bryan: A Murder Story". Putnam County Public Library. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  25. ^ Greencastle Banner-Graphic: Local News: Sunday is anniversary of Dillinger jail break (October 10, 2008)
  26. ^ Baughman, John J. "Our Past, Their Present: Historical Essays on Putnam County Indiana", Chapter 14 pgs 381–385.
  27. ^ [2]
  28. ^ "Greencastle Named a 'Stellar Community' in Inaugural Competition; Funds Will Support Community Development Projects - DePauw University". Depauw.edu. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  29. ^ "National Register of Historical Places - INDIANA (IN), Putnam County". Nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  30. ^ Bernsee, Eric (2011-04-29). "Greencastle Banner-Graphic: Local News: State approves three new Greencastle historic districts (04/29/11)". Bannergraphic.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  31. ^ Climate Summary for Greencastle, Indiana
  32. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on August 11, 2013.

External links[edit]