Greene County, Arkansas

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Greene County, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded 5 November 1833
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Paragould
Largest city Paragould
Area
 • Total 580 sq mi (1,502 km2)
 • Land 578 sq mi (1,497 km2)
 • Water 1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 42,090
 • Density 73/sq mi (28/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website county.arkansas.gov/greene/

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,090.[1] The county seat is Paragould,[2] which sits atop Crowley's Ridge.

Greene County comprises the Paragould, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Jonesboro–Paragould, AR Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The first settler to the area was Benjamin Crowley of Kentucky who arrived in 1821 and established a home about 12 miles west of Paragould.

Greene County was formed on 5 November 1833 out of portions of Lawrence County and contained portions of present Clay and Craighead counties. The county was named after Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene. The original county seat was in Benjamin Crowley's home. By 1836, when Arkansas became a state, the county seat was located at a settlement called "Paris" (not to be confused with present-day Paris, Arkansas).

In 1848 a national highway was put through and the county seat was moved to the community of Gainesville, Arkansas which had a reputation as a relatively lawless town. The county seat remained there until 1883 when it was moved to the new town of Paragould. The residents of Gainesville opposed the move and it is reported that shots were fired and tempers were high. A new courthouse was built in 1888 and the building still survives in downtown Paragould.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 578 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.3%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,586
1850 2,593 63.5%
1860 5,843 125.3%
1870 7,573 29.6%
1880 7,480 −1.2%
1890 12,908 72.6%
1900 16,979 31.5%
1910 23,852 40.5%
1920 26,105 9.4%
1930 26,127 0.1%
1940 30,204 15.6%
1950 29,149 −3.5%
1960 25,198 −13.6%
1970 24,765 −1.7%
1980 30,744 24.1%
1990 31,804 3.4%
2000 37,331 17.4%
2010 42,090 12.7%
Est. 2013 43,097 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Greene County[8]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[9] there were 37,331 people, 14,750 households, and 10,708 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 16,161 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,750 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,828, and the median income for a family was $37,316. Males had a median income of $27,535 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,403. About 9.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Walcott

Townships[edit]

Townships in Greene County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Greene County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [10][11]

  • Blue Cane
  • Breckenridge (Lafe)
  • Bryan
  • Cache
  • Clark (most of Paragould)
  • Collier
  • Crowley
  • Evening Shade
  • Friendship
  • Hays
  • Hopewell
  • Hurricane (Marmaduke)
  • Jones (Delaplaine)
  • Lake
  • Main Shore
  • Poland
  • Reynolds
  • St. Francis (small part of Paragould)
  • Salem
  • Shady Grove
  • Spring Grove (part of Paragould)
  • Sugar Creek
  • Union (Oak Grove Heights)
  • Walnut Corner

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Greene County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05055_greene/BAS11C20505500000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  11. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°06′21″N 90°33′41″W / 36.10583°N 90.56139°W / 36.10583; -90.56139