Greene County, Arkansas

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Greene County, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded 5 November 1833
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Paragould
Largest city Paragould
Area
 • Total 579.65 sq mi (1,501 km2)
 • Land 577.51 sq mi (1,496 km2)
 • Water 2.14 sq mi (6 km2), 0.37%
Population
 • (2010) 42,090
 • Density 73/sq mi (28.13/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website county.arkansas.gov/greene/

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population was 42,090. The county seat is Paragould,[1] which sits atop Crowley's Ridge.

The Paragould Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Greene County. The Paragould Micropolitan Statistical Area is also part of the larger Jonesboro–Paragould Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The first settler to the area was Benjamin Crowley of Kentucky who arrived in 1821 and established a home about 12 miles west of Paragould.

Greene County was formed on 5 November 1833 out of portions of Lawrence County and contained portions of present Clay and Craighead counties. The county was named after Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene. The original county seat was in Benjamin Crowley's home. By 1836, when Arkansas became a state, the county seat was located at a settlement called "Paris" (not to be confused with present-day Paris, Arkansas).

In 1848 a national highway was put through and the county seat was moved to the community of Gainesville, Arkansas which had a reputation as a relatively lawless town. The county seat remained there until 1883 when it was moved to the new town of Paragould. The residents of Gainesville opposed the move and it is reported that shots were fired and tempers were high. A new courthouse was built in 1888 and the building still survives in downtown Paragould.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 579.65 square miles (1,501.3 km2), of which 577.51 square miles (1,495.7 km2) (or 99.63%) is land and 2.14 square miles (5.5 km2) (or 0.37%) is water.[2]

List Of Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,586
1850 2,593 63.5%
1860 5,843 125.3%
1870 7,573 29.6%
1880 7,480 −1.2%
1890 12,908 72.6%
1900 16,979 31.5%
1910 23,852 40.5%
1920 26,105 9.4%
1930 26,127 0.1%
1940 30,204 15.6%
1950 29,149 −3.5%
1960 25,198 −13.6%
1970 24,765 −1.7%
1980 30,744 24.1%
1990 31,804 3.4%
2000 37,331 17.4%
2010 42,090 12.7%
Est. 2012 43,163 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]
Age pyramid Greene County[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 37,331 people, 14,750 households, and 10,708 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 16,161 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,750 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,828, and the median income for a family was $37,316. Males had a median income of $27,535 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,403. About 9.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Greene County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Greene County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. [7][8]

  • Blue Cane
  • Breckenridge (Lafe)
  • Bryan
  • Cache
  • Clark (most of Paragould)
  • Collier
  • Crowley
  • Evening Shade
  • Friendship
  • Hays
  • Hopewell
  • Hurricane (Marmaduke)
  • Jones (Delaplaine)
  • Lake
  • Main Shore
  • Poland
  • Reynolds
  • St. Francis (small part of Paragould)
  • Salem
  • Shady Grove
  • Spring Grove (part of Paragould)
  • Sugar Creek
  • Union (Oak Grove Heights)
  • Walnut Corner

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  5. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Greene County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05055_greene/BAS11C20505500000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110809.
  8. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/DC10_GUBlkMap/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#G

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°06′21″N 90°33′41″W / 36.10583°N 90.56139°W / 36.10583; -90.56139