Greene County, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Greene County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Carrollton
Largest city White Hall
Area
 • Total 546 sq mi (1,414 km2)
 • Land 543 sq mi (1,406 km2)
 • Water 3.3 sq mi (9 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 13,886
 • Density 26/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 13th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 13,886.[1] Its county seat is Carrollton.[2]

It has a notable archaeological area known as the Koster Site, at which evidence of more than 7,000 years of human habitation has been excavated. Exhibits of artifacts from the site are displayed at the Center for American Archeology in Kampsville, Illinois.

History[edit]

Greene County is named in honor of General Nathanael Greene, a hero of the Revolutionary War.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 543 square miles (1,410 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather[edit]

Carrollton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
34
16
 
 
1.8
 
40
20
 
 
3.3
 
52
30
 
 
3.6
 
64
42
 
 
4.3
 
74
52
 
 
3.6
 
83
61
 
 
3.4
 
87
65
 
 
2.8
 
85
63
 
 
3
 
78
54
 
 
2.6
 
67
43
 
 
3.3
 
52
32
 
 
2.6
 
39
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carrollton have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.60 inches (41 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in May.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Greene County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 7,674
1840 11,951 55.7%
1850 12,429 4.0%
1860 16,093 29.5%
1870 20,277 26.0%
1880 23,010 13.5%
1890 23,791 3.4%
1900 23,402 −1.6%
1910 22,363 −4.4%
1920 22,883 2.3%
1930 20,417 −10.8%
1940 20,292 −0.6%
1950 18,852 −7.1%
1960 17,460 −7.4%
1970 17,014 −2.6%
1980 16,661 −2.1%
1990 15,317 −8.1%
2000 14,761 −3.6%
2010 13,886 −5.9%
Est. 2013 13,629 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 14,761 people, 5,757 households, and 4,075 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 6,332 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.06% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.2% were of German, 27.6% American, 14.3% English and 10.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.4% spoke English as their first language.

There were 5,757 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,754, and the median income for a family was $37,057. Males had a median income of $30,067 versus $20,269 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,246. About 10.10% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 143. 
  4. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Carrollton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 39°21′N 90°23′W / 39.35°N 90.39°W / 39.35; -90.39