Greene County, Iowa

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Not to be confused with Greene, Iowa.
Greene County, Iowa
GreeneCountyCourthouse.jpg
Greene County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Jefferson
Largest city Jefferson
Area
 • Total 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Land 570 sq mi (1,476 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 9,336
 • Density 16/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.greene.ia.us

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,336.[1] The county seat is Jefferson.[2] The county is named in honor of General Nathanael Greene.

History[edit]

Greene County was formed on January 15, 1851 and from 1854, self-governed. It was named after General Nathanael Greene, a hero in the Revolutionary War.[3] The first settler was Truman Davis. He settled on the Raccoon River.

The first courthouse was built in 1856 from wood. Previously court was held in a log cabin southeast of Jefferson. The second courthouse, of red brick, was built in 1870. The present Greene County Courthouse used today was built in 1917.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 571 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 570 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information can be seen:Greene County IA Pie Chart New Wiki Version.pdf[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,374
1870 4,627 236.8%
1880 12,727 175.1%
1890 15,797 24.1%
1900 17,820 12.8%
1910 16,023 −10.1%
1920 16,467 2.8%
1930 16,528 0.4%
1940 16,599 0.4%
1950 15,544 −6.4%
1960 14,379 −7.5%
1970 12,716 −11.6%
1980 12,119 −4.7%
1990 10,045 −17.1%
2000 10,366 3.2%
2010 9,336 −9.9%
Est. 2013 9,139 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 9,336 in the county, with a population density of 16.4248/sq mi (6.3416/km2). There were 4,546 housing units, of which 3,996 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Greene County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,366 people, 4,205 households, and 2,859 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,623 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.16% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 1.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,205 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 21.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,883, and the median income for a family was $41,230. Males had a median income of $29,076 versus $21,657 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,866. About 4.80% of families and 8.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • George Horace Gallup, Former resident, American statistician, invented the Gallup poll, a successful statistical method of survey sampling for measuring public opinion.
  • Warren Allen Smith, Former resident, American homosexual activist, writer and Humanist.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 143. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°02′07″N 94°23′44″W / 42.03528°N 94.39556°W / 42.03528; -94.39556