Greene County, Missouri

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Greene County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded January 2, 1833
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Springfield
Largest city Springfield
Area
 • Total 677.80 sq mi (1,755 km2)
 • Land 674.97 sq mi (1,748 km2)
 • Water 2.82 sq mi (7 km2), 0.42%
Population
 • (2010) 275,174
 • Density 408/sq mi (157.4/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.greenecountymo.org

Greene County is a county located in Southwest Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 275,174,[1] making it the fourth most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Springfield.[2] The county was organized in 1833 and is named after American Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene.[3]

Greene County is included in the Springfield, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 677.80 square miles (1,755.5 km2), of which 674.97 square miles (1,748.2 km2) (or 99.58%) is land and 2.82 square miles (7.3 km2) (or 0.42%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

  • Ash Grove R-IV School District - Ash Grove
    • Ash Grove Elementary School - (PK-06)
    • Bois D'Arc Elementary School - (K-06) - Bois D'Arc
    • Ash Grove High School - (07-12)
  • Fair Grove R-X School District - Fair Grove
    • Fair Grove Elementary School - (K-04)
    • Fair Grove Middle School - (05-08)
    • Fair Grove High School - (09-12)
  • Logan-Rogersville R-VIII School District - Rogersville
    • Logan-Rogersville Primary School - (K-01)
    • Logan-Rogersville Upper Elementary School - (02-05)
    • Logan-Rogersville Middle School - (06-08)
    • Logan-Rogersville High School (09-12)
  • Republic R-III School District - Republic
    • Republic Kindergarten School - (K)
    • Republic Elementary School I - (01-02)
    • Republic Elementary School II - (03-04)
    • Republic Elementary School III - (05-06)
    • Republic Middle School - (07-08)
    • Republic High School - (09-12)
  • Springfield R-XII School District - Springfield
    • Shady Dell Early Childhood Center - (PK) - Springfield
    • York Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Williams Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Wilder Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Westport Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Weller Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Weaver Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Watkins Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Truman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sunshine Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sherwood Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Sequiota Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Rountree Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Robberson Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Portland Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pleasant View Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pittman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Pershing Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • McGregor Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • McBride Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Mark Twain Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Walt Disney Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Jeffries Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Horace Mann Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Holland Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Hickory Hills Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Gray Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Fremont Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Field Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Delaware Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Cowden Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Campbell Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Boyd Elementary School - (PK-05) - Springfield
    • Bowerman Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Bissett Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Bingham Elementary School - (K-05) - Springfield
    • Wilson's Creek 5-6 Intermediate Center - (05-06) - Battlefield
    • Study Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Reed Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pleasant View Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pipkin Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Pershing Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Jarrett Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Hickory Hills Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Cherokee Middle School - (07-08) - Springfield
    • Carver Middle School - (06-08) - Springfield
    • Parkview High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Kickapoo High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Hillcrest High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Glendale High School - (09-12) - Springfield
    • Central High School - (09-12) - Springfield
  • Strafford R-VI School District - Strafford
    • Strafford Elementary School - (K-04)
    • Strafford Middle School - (05-08)
    • Strafford High School - (09-12)
  • Walnut Grove R-V School District - Walnut Grove
    • Walnut Grove Preschool (PK)
    • Walnut Grove Elementary School - (K-06)
    • Walnut Grove High School - (07-12)
  • Willard R-II School District - Willard
    • Willard North Elementary School - (PK-04) - Willard
    • Willard East Elementary School - (K-04) - Willard
    • Willard South Elementary School - (PK-04) - Springfield
    • Willard Central Elementary School - (K-04) - Springfield
    • Willard Intermediate School - (05-06) - Willard
    • Willard Middle School - (07-08) - Willard
    • Willard High School - (09-12) - Willard

Private schools[edit]

Alternative/Other Schools[edit]

  • Bailey Educational Center - (09-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Community Learning Center - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Datema House - (05-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Excel School - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School
  • Graff Career Center - (09-12) - Springfield - Vocational/Technical School
  • Greene County Special Education Cooperative - (K-12) - Republic - Special Education
  • Greene Valley - Springfield - Special Education
  • Phelps Gifted Center - (01-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School/Gifted Education
  • Wilson Creek Group Home - (06-12) - Springfield - Alternative/Other School

Colleges & Universities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Recreation[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,372
1850 12,785 138.0%
1860 13,186 3.1%
1870 21,549 63.4%
1880 28,801 33.7%
1890 48,616 68.8%
1900 52,713 8.4%
1910 63,831 21.1%
1920 68,698 7.6%
1930 82,929 20.7%
1940 90,541 9.2%
1950 104,923 15.9%
1960 126,276 20.4%
1970 152,929 21.1%
1980 185,302 21.2%
1990 207,949 12.2%
2000 240,391 15.6%
2010 275,174 14.5%
Est. 2013 283,870 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 240,391 people, 97,859 households, and 61,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 356 people per square mile (138/km²). There were 104,517 housing units at an average density of 155 per square mile (60/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.54% White, 2.26% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Approximately 1.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 97,859 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,185, and the median income for a family was $56,047. Males had a median income of $30,672 versus $21,987 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,770. About 7.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

There are 190,417 registered voters in Greene County.[7]

Cities and towns[edit]

Fire departments and districts[edit]

Republic and Springfield have city fire departments. Additionally, the county is served by the following fire districts:

Famous people[edit]

See List of People from Springfield, Missouri

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Greene County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county.

Greene County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Rick Kessinger Republican
Circuit Clerk Steve Helms Republican
County Clerk Richard T. Struckhoff Republican
Collector Scott Payne Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
James Viebrock Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Harold Bengsch Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Roseann Bentley Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Dan Patterson Republican
Public Administrator David Yancey Republican
Recorder Cheryl Dawson Republican
Sheriff Jim Arnott Republican
Treasurer William R. Compere Democratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 42.84% 57,565 54.45% 73,164 2.71% 3,641
2004 61.45% 76,645 37.25% 46,470 1.30% 1,621
2000 53.57% 54,770 44.61% 45,612 1.82% 1,861
1996 51.63% 49,991 45.08% 43,646 3.29% 3,189

Greene County is divided into eight legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives; seven of which are held by Republicans and one Democratic seat.

  • District 134 Mike Kelley (R-Battlefield). Consists of all of the communities of Ash Grove, Battlefield, Brookline, Republic, and a very small sliver of the city of Springfield.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 134 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Kelley 13,928 100.00
Missouri House of Representatives - District 135 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Charlie Denison 13,317 100.00
Missouri House of Representatives - District 136 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Eric Burlison 8,381 71.31
Democratic Devon Cheek 3,372 29.69
Missouri House of Representatives - District 137 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Melissa Leach 3,086 52.50
Democratic Charlie Norr* 2,792 47.50
Missouri House of Representatives - District 138 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Sara Lampe 4,704 47.83
Republican John Sellars 4,604 46.82
Independent Steven L. Reed 526 5.35
  • District 139 Shane Schoeller (R-Willard). Consists of all of the communities of Fair Grove, Walnut Grove, and Willard, and approximately a tenth of the city of Springfield.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 139 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Shane Schoeller 12,134 100.00
  • District 140 Lincoln Hough (R-Springfield). Consists of most of the community of Strafford and approximately a fifth of the city of Springfield.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 140 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Lincoln Hough 9,030 70.68
Democratic Dan Boyts 3,313 25.93
Libertarian Teddy Fleck 433 3.39
Missouri House of Representatives - District 145 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Lyndall Fraker 1,084 100.00

Greene County is also divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate, both of which represented by Republicans.

Missouri Senate - District 20 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jay Wasson 26,332 75.89
Democratic Terry Traw 8,365 24.21
Missouri Senate - District 30 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bob Dixon 33,715 64.85
Democratic Michael Hoeman 18,272 35.15

Federal[edit]

All of Greene County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is currently represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives - District 7 - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Billy Long 49,157 56.12
Democratic Scott Eckersley 32,336 36.91
Libertarian Kevin Craig 6,098 6.96
U.S. Senate - Missouri - Greene County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Roy Blunt 54,270 65,88
Democratic Robin Carnahan 28,107 34.12

[8]

Political culture[edit]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 57.06% 77,683 41.26% 56,181 1.68% 2,283
2004 62.18% 77,885 37.25% 46,657 0.58% 724
2000 57.50% 59,178 39.92% 41,091 2.58% 2,657
1996 49.60% 48,193 40.45% 39,300 9.95% 9,671

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Greene County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. Although the county contains the urban Springfield and Missouri State University, the county is located in the heart of the Bible Belt where voters tend to be very socially conservative and therefore more amendable to voting Republican. George W. Bush carried Greene County in 2000 and 2004 by almost two-to-one margins, and like many other counties throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, Greene County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. The last Democratic presidential nominee to win Greene County was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964.

Like most areas throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, voters in Greene County traditionally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Greene County with 72.04 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it narrowly failed in Greene County with 51.62 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Greene County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Greene County with 74.41 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

Voters in Greene County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Although a conservative/Republican stronghold, former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) still received more votes, a total of 18,322, than any candidate from either party in Greene County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Greene County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 9,979 (27.09%)
Mike Huckabee 15,645 (42.48%)
Mitt Romney 9,271 (25.17%)
Ron Paul 1,552 (4.21%)
Greene County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 18,322 (54.94%)
Barack Obama 14,263 (42.77%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 613 (1.84%)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 170. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ Registered Voters in Missouri 2008
  8. ^ "Missouri senate election 2010". MSNBC. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°16′N 93°20′W / 37.26°N 93.34°W / 37.26; -93.34