Greene County, Tennessee
|Greene County, Tennessee|
Greene County Courthouse in Greeneville
Location in the state of Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Nathanael Greene|
|• Total||626 sq mi (1,616 km2)|
|• Land||622 sq mi (1,610 km2)|
|• Water||2 sq mi (6 km2), .39%|
|• Density||101/sq mi (39/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Greene County comprises the Greeneville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Greene County is rooted in the "Nolichucky settlement," which was established by pioneer Jacob Brown on land leased from the Cherokee in the early 1770s. The Nolichucky settlement aligned itself with the Watauga settlement, centered in modern Elizabethton. Greene County was formed in 1783 from the original Washington County, North Carolina, part of the former Washington District. John Crockett, father of Davy Crockett settled in the county near Limestone, and Davy was born there in 1786. The area was then part of the extra-legal state, Franklin.
Greene County is the home of the oldest college in Tennessee (Tusculum College), Tennessee's oldest Methodist congregation (the Ebenezer Methodist Church, near Chuckey), and Tennessee's second oldest continuously cultivated farm (Elmwood Farm, part of the Earnest Farms Historic District). Revolutionary War veteran, and state legislator, Col. Joseph Hardin made Greene County his home for a period of time, serving as justice of the peace and as one of the original trustees of Tusculum (then Greeneville) college. The county is named for Major General Nathanael Greene (1742-1786), a major general in the Continental Army from Rhode Island.
Greene County, like much of East Tennessee, was generally opposed to secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Greene Countians voted against secession by a vote of 2,691 to 744. Following the vote (which succeeded statewide), the second session of the East Tennessee Convention convened in Greeneville, and called for a separate, Union-aligned state to be formed in East Tennessee. A railroad bridge near Mosheim was among those destroyed by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861. Several of the conspirators who had taken part in the burning of this bridge were later captured and executed, including Jacob Hensie, Henry Fry, Jacob and Henry Harmon, and noted local potter Alex Haun.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 622 square miles (1,610 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.3%) is water. Most of Greene County is located within the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, a range characterized by long, narrow ridges alternating with similarly-shaped valleys. Bays Mountain, a prominent ridge in this range, forms much of Greene's northern border with Hawkins County. The extreme southeastern part of Greene County is located within the Blue Ridge Mountains, specifically a subrange of the Blue Ridge known as the Bald Mountains. This range straddles Greene's border with North Carolina, and includes the county's two highest points: Gravel Knob, which rises to over 4,840 feet (1,480 m), and 4,844-foot (1,476 m) Camp Creek Bald (it's uncertain which is higher due to lack of an exact measurement for Gravel Knob's elevation).
- Hawkins County (north)
- Washington County (east)
- Unicoi County (southeast)
- Madison County, North Carolina (south)
- Cocke County (southwest)
- Hamblen County (west)
National protected areas
- Andrew Johnson National Cemetery
- Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
- Appalachian Trail (part)
- Cherokee National Forest (part)
State protected areas
- Bible Covered Bridge State Historic Site
- Joachim Bible Refuge
- Davy Crockett Birthplace State Park
- Lick Creek Bottoms Wildlife Management Area
- Nolichucky Wildlife Management Area
Other historic sites
As of the census of 2000, there were 62,909 people, 25,756 households, and 18,132 families residing in the county. The population density was 101 people per square mile (39/km²). There were 28,116 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.42% White, 2.11% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 1.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 25,756 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,382, and the median income for a family was $36,889. Males had a median income of $26,331 versus $20,304 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,746. About 11.20% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.
Public schools in Greene County school system include the following, with their enrollments for the 2007-2008 school year:
- Baileyton Elementary - 365 students
- Camp Creek Elementary - 315 students
- Chuckey Elementary - 325 students
- DeBusk Elementary - 340 students
- Doak Elementary - 590 students
- Glenwood Elementary - 255 students
- McDonald Elementary - 410 students
- Mosheim Elementary and Middle School - 960 students
- Nolachuckey Elementary - 340 students
- Ottway Elementary - 260 students
- West Pines Elementary - 240 students
- Chuckey-Doak Middle School - 495 students
- Chuckey Doak High School - 710 students
- North Greene High School - 395 students
- South Greene High School - 525 students
- West Greene High School - 735 students
- Eastview Elementary
- Hal Henard Elementary
- Highland Elementary
- Tusculum View Elementary
- Greeneville Middle School
- Greeneville High School
- Greene Technology Center - 489 students
Two hospitals are located in Greene County:
- Laughlin Memorial Hospital
- Takoma Regional Hospital
City and towns
- Camp Creek
- Fall Branch (CDP; partial)
- Horse Creek
- South Greene
- Blythe Semmer, "Greene County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 16 October 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 143.
- Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
- Temple, East Tennessee and Civil War, pp. 370-406.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, et al., "Ambient Air Monitoring Plan," Environmental Protection Agency website, 1 July 2010, p. 6. Accessed: 18 March 2015.
- Fred Lobdell, "Greene County High Point Trip Report," COHP.org, 1998. Retrieved: 18 March 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Schools, Greeneville City Schools official website. Retrieved: 16 October 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Greene County, Tennessee.|
|Hamblen County||Washington County|
|Cocke County||Madison County, North Carolina||Unicoi County|