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Greenlandic independence is a political ambition of political parties, advocacy groups, and individuals for Greenland, an autonomous country within the Danish Realm, to become an independent sovereign state.
Until 1953, Greenland was a colony, not independent, not part of Denmark, but directly controlled by the Danish government. During the Second World War, between 1940 to 1945 Denmark was controlled by Germany, while the US and UK navy took control over the waters between Greenland and Denmark. In reality Greenland was independent during these years, and allowed the USA to build bases on its territory. After the war the pre-war situation was restored, but the US bases remained and Denmark with Greenland joined NATO.
In 1953, Greenland became a part of Denmark with representatives in the Danish parliament. In 1979 the Parliament of Greenland was established, enabling partial independence.
Greenland's former prime minister, Kuupik Kleist, has repeatedly expressed the need to diversify Greenland's economy, which is presently mainly relying on fishery, tourism and an annual block grant from the Danish state. Economic stability is seen as a basis for full political independence from Denmark.
Greenland expanded its autonomy following a 'Yes' result in a 2008 self-government referendum. Some campaigners have touted the year 2021 (the 300th anniversary of Danish colonial rule) as a date for potential independence.
- Greenlandic home rule referendum, 1979
- Greenlandic self-government referendum, 2008
- Danish realm
- Faroese independence
- Icelandic independence movement
- McSmith, Andy (27 November 2008). "The Big Question: Is Greenland ready for independence, and what would it mean for its people?". The Independent.
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