Greenport, Suffolk County, New York
|September 11 attacks on the Greenport waterfront|
|• Total||1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)|
|• Land||1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||1,800/sq mi (710/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0951759|
Greenport was a major port for its area, having developed a strong fishing and whaling industry in the past, although currently there are only a handful of commercial fishing vessels operating out of Greenport. More recently the tourism industry has grown substantially too, especially in the warm summer months.
Greenport was first settled in 1682. The village was previously called Winter Harbor, Stirling, and Green Hill and was incorporated in 1838. Greenport was once a whaling and ship building village, and since 1844, has been the eastern terminal station on the north fork for the Long Island Rail Road. During Prohibition, rum running and speakeasies became a significant part of Greenport's economy. Greenport's residents knew the waters well and could outrun the coastguard. Restaurants on the east end, including Claudio's in Greenport, served the illegal booze. Many of the village's older structures are included in the Greenport Village Historic District, added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.
Police department disbanded
Town residents voted 617–339 in November 1994 to disband their nine-member police department. The department, which was established in 1947, was shut down following a grand jury investigation into a series of scandals. Since the shutdown, police services have been provided by the Southold Town Police Department. In 2005, trustees established a local chapter parapolice organization of volunteer vigilantes, Guardian Angels, to patrol the village.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), of which, 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (20.66%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,048 people, 776 households, and 446 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,142.7 people per square mile (823.7/km²). There were 1,075 housing units at an average density of 1,124.7 per square mile (432.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 76.17% White, 14.26% African American, 0.39% Asian, 0.54% Pacific Islander, 4.74% from other races, and 3.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.24% of the population.
There were 776 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the village the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $31,675, and the median income for a family was $36,333. Males had a median income of $36,848 versus $22,165 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,595. About 21.2% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
In 2010, the breakdown was as follows:
- 53.6% White
- 34.0% Hispanic
- 10.0% Black
- 0.5% Asian
- 0.1% Native American
- 0.5% some Other Race
- 1.5% Two or More Races
Greenport is also known for its tourism during the summer. It has a locally famous 1920s carousel, located near the waterfront. The village is also the home of the East End Seaport Museum & Marine Foundation, which hosts the annual Maritime Festival each September. The museum is housed in the former station house of the Greenport Long Island Rail Road station, while the East end of the Railroad Museum of Long Island is located in the former freight house. The new station is the terminus of the Long Island Railroad.
Most of the tourism stems from maritime activities, as well as proximity to the more than 40 vineyards on the East End of Long Island. It has many small shops and boutiques, ice cream parlors, bed and breakfasts, and restaurants ranging from fine-dining to paper-napkin crab shacks.
Greenport proves to be the hub of the North Fork Foodie culture with many acclaimed restaurants and home of the Greenport Farmers' Market, the only multi-vendor cooperative local market on the North Fork.
The Greenport Union Free School District provides public education for the area.
Houses of worship
Greenport is the last stop on the Long Island Railroad's Greenport Branch. It is also served by Suffolk County Transit's S92 bus route, which runs from Orient Point to East Hampton via Riverhead. Hampton Jitney's North Fork Line also brings passengers to New York City.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Greenport". Southold Town Data Processing Department. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Williams, Stephen P. (November 15, 2002). "HAVENS; Weekender - Greenport, N.Y.". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- Rather, John (November 28, 1999). "If You're Thinking of Living In/Greenport, N.Y.; A Working Seaport, Reliant on Visitors". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- Ben Amato, Coming Ashore: Rum Runners Of The East End, Hamptons.com, October 1, 2009
- Greenport NY Community Profile, NOAA Fisheries Service
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Krauss, Clifford (July 12, 1997). "Bold Mayor Forces Change (Even on the Willing)". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- "North Fork Village Files Suit Over a Town's Police Service". The New York Times. October 8, 1995. Retrieved February 9, 2010. "Less than a year ago, residents of this small village on Long Island's North Fork voted to abolish their nine-member police force, which a grand jury had described to be inept and corrupt."
- Rather, John (July 31, 2005). "Guardian Angels Get Greenport's Blessing". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- Saslow, Linda (July 23, 2006). "UPDATE; Guardian Angels Welcome in Greenport". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- Greenport Farmers' Market
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Greenport, Suffolk County, New York.|
- Greenport Village Official Information
- East End Seaport Museum & Marine Foundation
- Railroad Museum of Long Island (Greenport)
- Greenport Farmers Market