Greens (South Tyrol)
|Spokespersons||Sepp Kusstatscher, Brigitte Foppa|
|Headquarters||via Bottai/Bindergasse 5
|European affiliation||European Green Party|
|European Parliament group||European Greens–European Free Alliance (1999–2009)|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Politics of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
The Greens (Verdi–Grüne–Vërc) are a green, regionalist and social-democratic political party active in South Tyrol, northern Italy. Despite being formally the provincial section of the Federation of the Greens, the South Tyrolean Greens are practically an autonomous party and have recently formed different alliances at the country-level from the national party.
The Greens obtained 8.7% of the vote in the most recent provincial election in 2013. The Greens are ethnically mixed and strive to improve the relations between the three language groups of the Province: Italian-, German- and Ladin-speakers. Since 2009 the party has been led by Sepp Kusstatscher (a former MEP) and Brigitte Foppa.
The Greens have their roots in the New Left and the environmental movements of the 1970s. They started to compete in elections in 1978, but were formally registered as a party only in 1996. From 1978 to 1996 they used different names: New Left (1978), Alternative List (1983), Green Alternative List (1988) and finally Greens (1993). One of the founders and most active members of the Greens was Alexander Langer, who committed suicide in 1995.
In the 2003 provincial election the party obatained 7.9% of the vote and three provincial councillors: Cristina Kury, Sepp Kusstatscher (a former member of the South Tyrolean People's Party, SVP) and Hans Heiss.
In the 2008 provincial election the Greens won only the 5.8% of the vote, losing votes (-2.1%) and one seat from 2003). The two elected Green councillors were Hans Heiss and Riccardo Dello Sbarba, who has succeeded to Kusstatscher.
In the 2013 general election the Greens did not follow the national party into the Civil Revolution alliance and decided instead to support Left Ecology Freedom, which included Green Florian Kronbichler in its slate. Kronbichler was the first German-speaking South Tyrolean to be elected in a list different from SVP's.
In the 2013 provincial election the Greens won 8.7% of the vote (+2.9%), their record high in a provincial election, and sent three elects to the Provincial Council: Hans Hess, Brigitte Foppa and Riccardo Dello Sbarba.
The Greens won 8.7% of the vote in the most recent provincial election in 2013. They obtained their highest shares in five small municipalities: Urtijëi (13.9%), Bronzolo (13.7%), Montan (12.8%), Auer (12.4%) and Glurns (11.7%). Despite this, the party was usually stronger in cities than in rural areas: it did well in the three largest cities (11.4% in Bolzano, 10.6% in Merano and 11.0% in Brixen), while it did worse in the four most rural districts – Vinschgau (7.3%, despite Glurns), Salten-Schlern (7.2%, despite Urtijëi), Pustertal (6.9%, despite 11.6% in Bruneck) and Wipptal (6.5%) – and in Ladin municipalities (5.9%, despite Urtijëi).
The electoral results of the Greens in South Tyrol since 1992 are shown in the table below.
|1992 general||1993 provinc.||1994 general||1994 European||1996 general||1998 provinc.||1999 European||2001 general||2003 provinc.||2004 European||2006 general||2008 general||2008 provinc.||2009 European||2013 general||2013 provinc.|
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- http://www.regione.taa.it/Elettorale/risultati/reg_1998.pdf Trentino
- In list with the Federation of the Greens.
- In list with The Left – The Rainbow coalition.
- In list with the Left and Freedom coalition.
- In list with Left Ecology Freedom.
- Provincial Council of Bolzano – Historical Archive
- Trentino Alto-Adige Region – Elections
- Provincial Government of Bolzano – Elections
- Cattaneo Institute – Archive of Election Data
- Parties and Elections in Europe – Province of Bolzano
- Ministry of the Interior – Historical Archive of Elections
- Günther Pallaver, Political parties in Alto Adige from 1945 to 2005
- Hermann Atz, Die Grünen Südtirols. Profil und Wählerbasis, StudienVerlag, Innsbruck/Vienna/Bolzano 2007, ISBN 978-3-7065-4070-4.
- Joachim Gatterer, "rote milben im gefieder". Sozialdemokratische, kommunistische und grün-alternative Parteipolitik in Südtirol, StudienVerlag, Innsbruck/Vienna/Bolzano 2009, ISBN 978-3-7065-4648-5