Greenville, Ohio

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Greenville, Ohio
City
Intersection of Washington, Martin and Broadway in Greenville
Intersection of Washington, Martin and Broadway in Greenville
Location of Greenville, Ohio
Location of Greenville, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°6′9″N 84°37′41″W / 40.10250°N 84.62806°W / 40.10250; -84.62806Coordinates: 40°6′9″N 84°37′41″W / 40.10250°N 84.62806°W / 40.10250; -84.62806
Country United States
State Ohio
County Darke
Government
 • Mayor Michael Bowers
Area[1]
 • Total 6.66 sq mi (17.25 km2)
 • Land 6.60 sq mi (17.09 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation[2] 1,043 ft (318 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 13,227
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 13,105
 • Density 2,004.1/sq mi (773.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45331
Area code(s) 937
FIPS code 39-32340[5]
GNIS feature ID 1064762[2]
Website http://www.cityofgreenville.org/

Greenville is a city in and county seat[6] of Darke County, Ohio, United States. The population was 13,227 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Greenville is the historic location of Fort Greene Ville, a pioneer fort built under General Anthony Wayne's command. At over 55 acres (220,000 m2) this was the largest wooden fortification ever built. It was here that the Treaty of Greenville was signed on August 3, 1795, bringing peace to the area and opening up the Northwest Territory for settlement. Fort Greene Ville was named for Wayne's fellow General Nathanael Greene.[7]

Geography[edit]

Greenville is located at 40°6′9″N 84°37′41″W / 40.10250°N 84.62806°W / 40.10250; -84.62806 (40.102474, -84.627985).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.66 square miles (17.25 km2), of which, 6.60 square miles (17.09 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[1]

Local airports:

Darke County Airport 7 Miles away in Versailles, Ohio

James M. Cox Dayton International Airport 35 Miles away in Vandalia, Ohio

General information[edit]

Greenville is home to The Great Darke County Fair which runs for nine days in August. Greenville is also home to KitchenAid small appliances.

Built in 1849, the historic Bear's Mill, is an authentic example of a stonegrinding flour mill of its time. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, it is still in use today to grind cornmeal, whole wheat flour, rye flour, and pancake mixes. The mill and the buhr stones are powered by water. Self-guided tours may be taken during normal business hours.

Greenville has a local history museum, the Garst Museum, which features the largest known collections of memorabilia of Annie Oakley and Lowell Thomas, both of whom were born nearby. It also holds historic artifacts relating to Anthony Wayne and the Treaty of Greenville as well as Native American artifacts. The museum also includes a village of shops; a wing of early American furnishings, pioneer life, and military uniforms; an early Indianapolis 500 race car built in Greenville; and an extensive genealogy room for research. Also located in Greenville is St. Clair Memorial Hall, the center for the arts in Darke County. This piece of architecture, built in 1910, has been completely remodeled and is a showpiece for all of Darke County.

The city and surrounding areas are served by a daily newspaper published in Greenville, The Daily Advocate.

Notable companies[edit]

FRAM Group, Leading automotive care products manufacturer; include FRAM® oil, air, transmission and fuel filters and Autolite® spark plugs and ignition wire sets are sold by FRAM Group Operations LLC. Greenville is also home to KitchenAid small appliances and BASF (North America).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,045
1860 1,650 57.9%
1870 2,520 52.7%
1880 3,535 40.3%
1890 5,473 54.8%
1900 5,501 0.5%
1910 6,237 13.4%
1920 7,104 13.9%
1930 7,036 −1.0%
1940 7,745 10.1%
1950 8,859 14.4%
1960 10,585 19.5%
1970 12,380 17.0%
1980 13,002 5.0%
1990 12,863 −1.1%
2000 13,294 3.4%
2010 13,227 −0.5%
Est. 2012 13,105 −0.9%
Sources:[9][10][5][11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 13,227 people, 5,933 households, and 3,430 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,004.1 inhabitants per square mile (773.8 /km2). There were 6,536 housing units at an average density of 990.3 per square mile (382.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 5,933 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.2% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 43.4 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.0% male and 54.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 13,294 people, 5,649 households, and 3,462 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,206.4 people per square mile (851.2/km²). There were 6,030 housing units at an average density of 1,000.8 per square mile (386.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.31% White, 0.56% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

There were 5,649 households out of which 27.3% had children living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,791, and the median income for a family was $38,699. Males had a median income of $33,143 versus $24,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,830. About 10.2% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Greenville - Ohio History Central - A product of the Ohio Historical Society
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

External links[edit]