Greenwich Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey

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For other New Jersey townships with the same name, see Greenwich Township, New Jersey (disambiguation).
Greenwich Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Greenwich
Greenwich Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Greenwich Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Greenwich Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Greenwich Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°23′47″N 75°22′03″W / 39.396273°N 75.367551°W / 39.396273; -75.367551Coordinates: 39°23′47″N 75°22′03″W / 39.396273°N 75.367551°W / 39.396273; -75.367551[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Established January 19, 1748
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor William Reinhart (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Lisa Garrison[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 18.834 sq mi (48.780 km2)
 • Land 17.839 sq mi (46.202 km2)
 • Water 0.995 sq mi (2.578 km2)  5.29%
Area rank 153rd of 566 in state
11th of 14 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 804
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 809
 • Rank 544th of 566 in state
13th of 14 in county[11]
 • Density 45.1/sq mi (17.4/km2)
 • Density rank 557th of 566 in state
13th of 14 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08323[12][13][14]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 451, 453, 455[15]
FIPS code 3401128170[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882058[1][18]
Website www.historicgreenwichnj.org

Greenwich Township (pronounced "Green-witch"[19] is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 804,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 43 (-5.1%) from the 847 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 64 (-7.0%) from the 911 counted in the 1990 Census.[20] It is part of the Vineland-Millville- Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes.

Greenwich Township was first formed as a precinct on January 19, 1748, and was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of Hopewell Township and Stow Creek Township were annexed in 1845.[21]

History[edit]

In 1774, during the run-up to the American Revolutionary War, the small community on the Cohansey River was the site of the Greenwich Tea Party, in which a load of tea meant to be sent overland into Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was torched in the night.[22][23] After the Revolutionary War, the pronunciation of the town was changed to Green-witch to differentiate itself from its English namesake.[19]

Geography[edit]

Greenwich Township is located at 39°23′47″N 75°22′03″W / 39.396273°N 75.367551°W / 39.396273; -75.367551 (39.396273,-75.367551). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.834 square miles (48.780 km2), of which, 17.839 square miles (46.202 km2) of it was land and 0.995 square miles (2.578 km2) of it (5.29%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Fairfield Township, Hopewell Township, Stow Creek Township, Salem County and the Delaware Bay.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 858
1820 890 3.7%
1830 912 2.5%
1840 918 0.7%
1850 1,158 26.1%
1860 1,265 9.2%
1870 1,262 −0.2%
1880 1,245 −1.3%
1890 1,173 −5.8%
1900 1,283 9.4%
1910 1,145 −10.8%
1920 966 −15.6%
1930 979 1.3%
1940 929 −5.1%
1950 966 4.0%
1960 1,086 12.4%
1970 963 −11.3%
1980 973 1.0%
1990 911 −6.4%
2000 847 −7.0%
2010 804 −5.1%
Est. 2013 809 [10] 0.6%
Population sources: 1810-2000[24]
1810-1920[25] 1840[26] 1850-1870[27]
1850[28] 1870[29] 1880-1890[30]
1890-1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[7]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 804 people, 336 households, and 229.2 families residing in the township. The population density was 45.1 per square mile (17.4/km2). There were 369 housing units at an average density of 20.7 per square mile (8.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.42% (735) White, 3.73% (30) Black or African American, 1.24% (10) Native American, 0.50% (4) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.62% (5) from other races, and 2.49% (20) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.61% (21) of the population.[7]

There were 336 households, of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.89.[7]

In the township, 19.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 35.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.7 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.1 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,833 (with a margin of error of +/- $17,252) and the median family income was $80,000 (+/- $16,466). Males had a median income of $55,938 (+/- $11,759) versus $55,833 (+/- $25,039) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,044 (+/- $4,936). About 5.3% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 847 people, 326 households, and 245 families residing in the township. The population density was 46.6 people per square mile (18.0/km²). There were 361 housing units at an average density of 19.9 per square mile (7.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 89.96% White, 5.08% African American, 2.60% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.[34][35]

There were 326 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.05.[34][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 33.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $52,188, and the median income for a family was $56,111. Males had a median income of $43,214 versus $30,208 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,233. About 6.1% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Greenwich Fire Company
Greenwich Library

Local government[edit]

Greenwich Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another to serve as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Greenwich Township Committee are Mayor Bill Reinhart (D, term as mayor and on committee ends December 31, 2014), deputy mayor Eric Port (R, 2015) and Dan Orr (D, 2016).[4][37][38]

Orr was named to served the unexpired term of Bill Kiefer who resigned in January 2013.[39]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Greenwich Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[40] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[8][41][42] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Greenwich Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[43]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[44] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[45][46] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[47][48]

The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland).[49] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[50] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[51]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[52][53] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[54] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[55] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[56] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[57] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[58] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[59] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[60][61][62][63] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[64] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[65] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[66]

The Teaburner's Monument marks the last political tea destruction before the American Revolution, in December 1774.

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 590 registered voters in Greenwich Township, of which 172 (29.2%) were registered as Democrats, 176 (29.8%) were registered as Republicans and 242 (41.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[67]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.4% of the vote here (227 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 48.0% (216 votes), with 450 ballots cast among the township's 605 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.4%.[68] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.3% of the vote here (233 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 48.4% (224 votes), with 463 ballots cast among the township's 600 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.2.[69]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 44.7% of the vote here (153 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 43.6% (149 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 7.0% (24 votes), with 342 ballots cast among the township's 583 registered voters, yielding a 58.7% turnout.[70]

Education[edit]

The Greenwich Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade at Morris Goodwin School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 78 students and 7.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.54:1.[71]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township.[72][73] The school is located in Upper Deerfield Township and opened for the 1977-78 school year as part of the Cumberland Regional High School District. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 1,368 students.[74]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 33.15 miles (53.35 km) of roadways, of which 8.37 miles (13.47 km) were maintained by the municipality and 24.78 miles (39.88 km) by Cumberland County.[75]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Municipal Government and Services, Greenwich Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey 08323. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Greenwich, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Greenwich township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Greenwich township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
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  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Greenwich, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  13. ^ Greenwich U. S. Post Office, Historic Greenwich. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Greenwich, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
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  19. ^ a b "TOWN PINS HOPES ON RIVER PORT BUT ENVIRONMENTALISTS FEAR LOSS OF A LIFESTYLE", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 21, 1990. Accessed March 7, 2011. "They carved the town out of the state's southwestern forests, pronouncing the name 'Green-witch' because the more traditional 'Gren-itch' sounded too British."
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  21. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  22. ^ The Burning of the Tea at Cohansey., accessed June 8, 2006.
  23. ^ Rose, Lisa. "Flashback to great 'tea burning' of 1774, the pride of a South Jersey town", The Star-Ledger, June 29, 2014. Accessed June 30, 2014. "The small town of Greenwich in Cumberland County was the site of a tea burning protest against the British in 1774."
  24. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  25. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  26. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  27. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 270, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 9, 2013. "Greenwich is on the Delaware. Its population in 1850 was 1,158; in 1860, 1,265; and in 1870, 1,262. Springtown, Greenwich, and Buena Vista, are in this township "
  28. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  29. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  30. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 9, 2013.
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  32. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  33. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  34. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Greenwich township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  35. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Greenwich township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  36. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Greenwich township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  37. ^ Taniguchi, Lauren T. "Greenwich meeting packed", The News of Cumberland County, February 10, 2011. Accessed March 7, 2011. "'The township committee is unanimous in focusing on doing this in a way that won't affect the tax rate,' Kiefer said, while encouraging residents to continue approaching him, Reinhart or Committeeman Richard DeMarco regarding their opinions on the land as part of the ongoing decision-making process."
  38. ^ Woods, Don E. "Greenwich Township gets new mayor, deputy mayor, member", South Jersey Times, January 16, 2013. Accessed September 9, 2013. "The township is back to full strength after appointing Dan Orr as the new committeeman at Tuesday’s meeting. A seat on the three-person committee opened after Mayor Ted Kiefer resigned on Jan. 2.... During the same meeting, William C. Reinhart and Port were appointed as mayor and deputy mayor, respectively. Reinhart and Orr are both Democrats while Port ran as Republican last election."
  39. ^ Taniguchi, Lauren T. "Reinhart deputy mayor under Kiefer as Greewnich Township reorganizes", The News of Cumberland County, January 5, 2011. Accessed March 7, 2011. "Solicitor Thomas Seeley administered the Oath of Office to William C. Reinhart, establishing the incumbent Democrat as a member of the committee for a new three-year term. Reinhart was then nominated and appointed as vice chairman and deputy mayor, to serve with re-appointed Chairman and Mayor Theodore Kiefer, a Democrat."
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  41. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  46. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  47. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  51. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  52. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  53. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  54. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  56. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  59. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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  63. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
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  65. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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  67. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  68. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  69. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  70. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  71. ^ District information for Greenwich Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 11, 2014.
  72. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 9, 2014. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9 – 12 who reside in Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield Townships."
  73. ^ History of CRHS, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed December 9, 2014. "The Cumberland Regional High School is carved out of the northwest section of Cumberland County, New Jersey. Six municipalities whose boundaries are the same as the school districts in them, are served by the school. Districts include (1) Deerfield Township, (2) Fairfield Township, (3) Greenwich Township, (4) Hopewell Township, (5) Stow Creek Township, and (6) Upper Deerfield Township."
  74. ^ School Data for Cumberland Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 9, 2014.
  75. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.

External links[edit]