Greenwood, British Columbia

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Greenwood
City
The Corporation of the City of Greenwood
Greenwood BC Roman Catholic Sacred Heart Church.JPG
Location of Greenwood in British Columbia
Location of Greenwood in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°05′24″N 118°40′39″W / 49.09000°N 118.67750°W / 49.09000; -118.67750
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Region Boundary Country
Regional district Kootenay Boundary
Incorporated 1897
Government
 • Mayor Ed Smith
 • Council Nola Tutti, Colleen Lang, Lee Cudworth, Darla Ashton
Area
 • Total 2.52 km2 (0.97 sq mi)
Elevation 770 m (2,530 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 708
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
Zip code V0H 1J0
Area code(s) 250
Highways 3
Website City of Greenwood
Trains at the Mother Lode Mine near Greenwood, 1903

Greenwood (2011 population 708) is a city in south central British Columbia. It was incorporated in 1897 and was formerly one of the principal cities of the Boundary Country smelting and mining district.[1] It was incorporated as a City originally and has retained that title despite the population decline following the closure of the area's industries. "Canada's Smallest City" is located along Highway 3 near Rock Creek and Grand Forks.

The town is served by Greenwood Elementary School which covers grades from 4-7. Students attend Midway Elementary School for grades from K-3. Following grade 7 local students attend Boundary Central Secondary School in nearby Midway.

In 1942, 1200 Japanese Canadians were sent to Greenwood as part of the Japanese Canadian internment.[2]

Television and media[edit]

Greenwood was featured on the historical television series Gold Trails and Ghost Towns, Season 2, Episode 1.

Greenwood was one of the filming locations for the theatrical film Snow Falling on Cedars.[2]

Lost mines[edit]

Close to Greenwood is the location of Jolly Jack's Lost Mine. Local historian Bill Barlee wrote about Jolly Jack's lost mine. The location of the mine was never found. The Greenwood local museum has written records of Jolly Jack.[3]

Henry Morgan's lost mine is located somewhere around Greenwood. The mine is thought to have been at the headwaters of Boundary Creek, although it has never been found. Local historian Garnet Basque has written about Morgan's lost mine.[4]

Early years[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1891 1,000 —    
1901 1,359 +35.9%
1911 778 −42.8%
1921 371 −52.3%
1931 171 −53.9%
1941 363 +112.3%
1951 809 +122.9%
1956 815 +0.7%
1961 932 +14.4%
1966 911 −2.3%
1971 868 −4.7%
1976 931 +7.3%
1981 856 −8.1%
1986 767 −10.4%
1991 725 −5.5%
1996 784 +8.1%
2001 666 −15.1%
2006 625 −6.2%
2011 708 +13.3%
Sources: Statistics Canada[5]

In 1886 several mining claims had been staked in a narrow gulch ten miles north of the mouth of Boundary Creek. The ore was high in copper. Ten years later more claims had been staked in the area. These claims gave rise to the city of Greenwood. In 1895 a merchant named Robert Wood erected a log store and named the region Greenwood. By 1896 there were three hotels, a general store, a livery stable, two assay offices, a mining broker, an opera house, and a dozen other establishments. Greenwood became an incorporated city in 1897. The population climbed to 3,000 by 1899 and a railway called the Columbia and Western Railway reached Greenwood from the east. In 1899 a fire struck Greenwood which gutted several businesses. The BC Copper Company smelter began operation in 1901, servicing ore from the Mother Lode Mine and other mines in the area. Greenwood was the supply center for surrounding camps such as Providence, Copper, Deadwood, Wellington, Central, Skylark and others. The city became the seat of government for the Boundary with one hundred firms in the business district. Greenwood had a newspaper called the "Times" by 1906 another paper called the "Greenwood Ledge". By 1910 the boom had passed and Greenwood's population was 1,500. At the end of WWI, the demand for copper dropped, and by 1918 the copper market was dead,and the smelter in Greenwood lay idle. The following year it closed down permanently. The collapse of the smelters led to close of mines around the vicinity of Greenwood. Greenwood was on the decline after this period.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Greenwood". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/2712.html.
  2. ^ a b Timmermans, Tricia (2005). British Columbia Off the Beaten Path. Globe Pequot. p. 109. ISBN 0-7627-3516-3. 
  3. ^ N.L. Barlee (1976), Historic Treasures and Lost Mines of British Columbia. Canada West Publications. 
  4. ^ Basque Garnet (2000), Lost Bonanzas of Western Canada. Heritage House. 
  5. ^ "British Columbia – Municipal Census Populations (1921–2011)". BC Stats. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ N.L. Barlee (1973), Gold Creeks and Ghost Towns. Canada West Publications. 

Coordinates: 49°5′28″N 118°40′37″W / 49.09111°N 118.67694°W / 49.09111; -118.67694