Greenwood County, Kansas

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Greenwood County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Greenwood County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Alfred B. Greenwood
Seat Eureka
Largest city Eureka
Area
 • Total 1,152.59 sq mi (2,985 km2)
 • Land 1,139.67 sq mi (2,952 km2)
 • Water 12.92 sq mi (33 km2), 1.12%
Population
 • (2010) 6,689
 • Density 6.2/sq mi (2.4/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website greenwoodcounty.org

Coordinates: 37°52′N 96°16′W / 37.867°N 96.267°W / 37.867; -96.267

Greenwood County (county code GW) is a county located in Southeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,689.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Eureka.[2]

History[edit]

Greenwood County was named for Alfred B. Greenwood.[3] The first railroad in Greenwood County was built through that territory in 1879.[4]

Law and government[edit]

Greenwood County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,152.59 square miles (2,985.2 km2), of which 1,139.67 square miles (2,951.7 km2) (or 98.88%) is land and 12.92 square miles (33.5 km2) (or 1.12%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 769 [7]
1870 3,484 353.1%
1880 10,548 202.8%
1890 16,309 54.6%
1900 16,196 −0.7%
1910 16,060 −0.8%
1920 14,715 −8.4%
1930 19,235 30.7%
1940 16,495 −14.2%
1950 13,574 −17.7%
1960 11,253 −17.1%
1970 9,141 −18.8%
1980 8,764 −4.1%
1990 7,847 −10.5%
2000 7,673 −2.2%
2010 6,689 −12.8%
Est. 2012 6,454 [8] −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 estimate

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[10] there were 7,673 people, 3,234 households, and 2,153 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 4,273 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.53% White, 0.83% Native American, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.81% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 3,234 households out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 22.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,169, and the median income for a family was $38,140. Males had a median income of $27,021 versus $19,356 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,976. About 8.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Blodgett (ghost town)
  • Lamont
  • Neal
  • Piedmont
  • Quincy
  • Reece
  • Teterville (ghost town)
  • Utopia (ghost town)

Townships[edit]

Greenwood County is divided into fifteen townships. The city of Eureka is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Bachelor 03625 230 1 (4) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.70% 37°49′57″N 96°12′21″W / 37.83250°N 96.20583°W / 37.83250; -96.20583
Eureka 21825 451 3 (8) 149 (58) 2 (1) 1.50% 37°50′41″N 96°17′49″W / 37.84472°N 96.29694°W / 37.84472; -96.29694
Fall River 22800 229 1 (4) 154 (60) 2 (1) 1.13% 37°42′36″N 96°12′4″W / 37.71000°N 96.20111°W / 37.71000; -96.20111
Janesville 35000 548 1 (4) 371 (143) 2 (1) 0.62% 37°59′4″N 96°11′29″W / 37.98444°N 96.19139°W / 37.98444; -96.19139
Lane 38425 167 1 (3) 138 (53) 1 (0) 0.52% 37°58′36″N 96°0′59″W / 37.97667°N 96.01639°W / 37.97667; -96.01639
Madison 44075 1,155 4 (9) 320 (124) 3 (1) 0.85% 38°7′32″N 96°12′11″W / 38.12556°N 96.20306°W / 38.12556; -96.20306
Otter Creek 53650 211 1 (2) 290 (112) 2 (1) 0.55% 37°40′20″N 96°24′0″W / 37.67222°N 96.40000°W / 37.67222; -96.40000
Pleasant Grove 56375 52 0 (1) 150 (58) 2 (1) 1.57% 37°47′21″N 96°1′41″W / 37.78917°N 96.02806°W / 37.78917; -96.02806
Quincy 58175 163 1 (3) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.38% 37°51′8″N 96°2′59″W / 37.85222°N 96.04972°W / 37.85222; -96.04972
Salem 62650 35 0 (0) 233 (90) 2 (1) 0.89% 38°1′45″N 96°24′29″W / 38.02917°N 96.40806°W / 38.02917; -96.40806
Salt Springs 62875 463 3 (7) 182 (70) 10 (4) 5.16% 37°38′55″N 96°3′59″W / 37.64861°N 96.06639°W / 37.64861; -96.06639
Shell Rock 64600 173 1 (3) 136 (53) 1 (0) 0.87% 38°5′53″N 96°1′18″W / 38.09806°N 96.02167°W / 38.09806; -96.02167
South Salem 66925 127 1 (1) 224 (87) 3 (1) 1.13% 37°52′42″N 96°27′4″W / 37.87833°N 96.45111°W / 37.87833; -96.45111
Spring Creek 67425 154 1 (3) 139 (54) 1 (1) 0.93% 37°47′49″N 96°26′50″W / 37.79694°N 96.44722°W / 37.79694; -96.44722
Twin Grove 71825 601 4 (11) 148 (57) 1 (0) 0.57% 37°38′7″N 96°14′3″W / 37.63528°N 96.23417°W / 37.63528; -96.23417
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Greenwood County (map legend)

Unified school districts[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 144. 
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 795. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ The population for 1860 excludes the portion of Madison County annexed between 1860 and 1870. Madison's total population was 686 in 1860.
  8. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  9. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps