Greer County, Oklahoma

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Greer County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Greer County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Seat Mangum
Largest city Mangum
Area
 • Total 644 sq mi (1,667 km2)
 • Land 639 sq mi (1,656 km2)
 • Water 4 sq mi (11 km2), 0.67%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 6,082
 • Density 9.4/sq mi (3.6/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website greer.okcounties.org

Greer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,239.[1] Its county seat is Mangum.[2] From 1860 to 1896, the state of Texas claimed an area known as Greer County, Texas, which included present-day Greer County along with neighboring areas.

Greer County is home to Quartz Mountain Nature Park, near the community of Lone Wolf, Oklahoma (known until 2002 as Quartz Mountain State Park). It is also home to the Oklahoma State Reformatory, located in Granite, Oklahoma.[3]

History[edit]

After a dispute over the 1819 Adams-Onís Treaty and the related 1828 Treaty of Limits, the governments of both the United States and the state of Texas claimed ownership of some 1.5 million acres (6,000 km²) in what was then operated as Greer County, Texas. The county was named for former Texas lieutenant governor, John A. Greer.[3] Litigation followed, and in the case of United States v. State of Texas 162 U.S. 1 (1896), issued on March 16, the Supreme Court, having original jurisdiction over the case, decided in favor of the United States. The county was then assigned to the Oklahoma Territory on May 4, 1896, and when Oklahoma became a state, in addition to becoming Greer County, the region was also further split into Harmon, Jackson, and part of Beckham counties. The town of Mangum was designated as the county seat in 1886, while the county was still part of Texas, and has remained the county seat ever since.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 644 square miles (1,668.0 km2), of which 639 square miles (1,655.0 km2) is land and 4 square miles (10.4 km2) (0.67%) is water.[4]

Western Greer County lies in the lies in the Gypsum Hills, while the eastern one-third is in the Red Bed Plains physiographic region. The county is drained by the North Fork, Elm Fork, and Salt Fork of the Red River.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Economy[edit]

The county's economy has been based on farming and raising livestock. In 1907, the main crops were cotton, corn, oats, wheat and alfalfa. Livestock produced included cattle, horses, mules, swine, sheep and goats.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 16,449
1920 15,836 −3.7%
1930 20,282 28.1%
1940 14,550 −28.3%
1950 11,749 −19.3%
1960 8,877 −24.4%
1970 7,979 −10.1%
1980 7,028 −11.9%
1990 6,559 −6.7%
2000 6,061 −7.6%
2010 6,239 2.9%
Est. 2012 6,082 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 6,061 people, 2,237 households, and 1,442 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 2,788 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.46% White, 8.78% Black or African American, 2.47% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.99% from other races, and 3.02% from two or more races. 7.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,237 households out of which 25.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.50% were non-families. 33.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.00% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 20.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 123.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 129.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,793, and the median income for a family was $30,702. Males had a median income of $24,318 versus $18,641 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,053. About 15.00% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[7]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 2,270 75.04%
  Republican 596 19.70%
  Unaffiliated 159 5.26%
Total 3,025 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 73.23% 1,548 26.77% 566
2004 68.02% 1,529 31.98% 719
2000 59.80% 1,287 38.99% 839

Communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Greer County. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°56′N 99°34′W / 34.93°N 99.56°W / 34.93; -99.56