Gregg Araki

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This article is about the American director. For the photographer, see Nobuyoshi Araki.
Gregg Araki
Gregg Araki Deauville 2014.jpg
Araki at the Deauville American Film Festival in September 2014
Born (1959-12-17) December 17, 1959 (age 55)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Nationality American
Ethnicity Japanese American
Education University of California, Santa Barbara (B.A. 1982)
University of Southern California (M.F.A. 1985)
Occupation Filmmaker and film director
Years active 1987–present
Style New Queer Cinema
Home town Santa Barbara, California, United States
Awards Cannes Film Festival Queer Palm (2010)

Gregg Araki (born December 17, 1959) is an American independent filmmaker and film director involved heavily with New Queer Cinema. His film, Kaboom, was the first ever winner of the Cannes Film Festival Queer Palm awarded in 2010.

Early life and education[edit]

Araki was born in Los Angeles on December 17, 1959 to Japanese American parents.[1][2] He grew up in nearby Santa Barbara, California and enrolled in college at the University of California, Santa Barbara.[3] He graduated with a B.A. from UCSB in 1982.[2][4] He later attended the University of Southern California's School of Cinematic Arts, where he graduated with a M.F.A. in 1985.[2][3][5]

Career[edit]

Low-budget beginnings[edit]

Araki made his directorial debut in 1987 with Three Bewildered People in the Night. With a budget of only $5,000 and using a stationary camera, he told the story of a romance between a video artist, her sweet-heart and her gay friend.[6][3] Two years later, Araki followed up with The Long Weekend (O' Despair), another film with a $5,000 budget.[6][3] His third film, The Living End, saw an increase to $20,000.[6] He had to shoot his early movies often spontaneously and lacking proper permits.[2]

Despite the financial constraints, Araki's films received critical acclaim. He received awards from the Locarno International Film Festival and the Los Angeles Film Critics Association, with an additional nomination for a Sundance Film Festival award.[2][7]

Teen Apocalypse Trilogy[edit]

Araki's next three movies — Totally Fucked Up, The Doom Generation, and Nowhere — were collective dubbed the "Teen Apocalypse Trilogy".[3] The trio has been characterized as "... teen alienation, hazy sexuality and aggression."[8]

The trifecta saw Araki work with increasingly more notable actors and actresses including Rose McGowan, Margaret Cho, Parker Posey, Guillermo Díaz, Ryan Phillippe, Heather Graham, and Mena Suvari among others.

The Trilogy received varying degrees of reviews, from a thumbs down and "zero stars" by Roger Ebert's to "Literally the Best Thing Ever" by Rookie and being heralded as cult classics.[9][10][11]

Araki at the Deauville American Film Festival in September 2010

Subsequent efforts[edit]

Araki's following film, Splendor, was both a response to the controversy surrounding his ongoing relationship with Robertson and an homage to screwball comedies of the 1940s and 1950s.[2][3] Hailed as the director's most optimistic film to date,[citation needed] it made its premiere at the 1999 Sundance Film Festival.[12]

Araki's next project was the ill-fated MTV production This Is How the World Ends, which was originally planned with a budget of $1.5 million.[13] He viewed it as a chance to reach the masses through MTV's viewership and signed on to do the project despite the budget being cut to $700,000.[2][13] Araki wrote, directed, and shot the pilot episode, but ultimately MTV decided against the project and the effort never aired.[2][13]

Following a short hiatus, Araki returned in 2004 with the critically acclaimed Mysterious Skin, based on the 1995 Scott Heim novel of the same name.[2] This marked the first time that Araki worked with someone else's source material.[13][14]

Araki's next feature was the stoner comedy Smiley Face, featuring Anna Faris, Adam Brody, and John Krasinski, written by Dylan Haggerty. It marked a stark change from the dark, heavy drama of Mysterious Skin, a change purposely planned by Araki.[14][13] It received very favorable reviews, with some describing it as another of Araki's potential cult classics.[13][15][16]

Kaboom marked Araki's tenth film and made its premiere at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival. It was awarded the first ever Queer Palm for its contribution to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues.[17]

Style[edit]

One consistent feature of Araki's work to date is the presence of music from the shoegazing genre as film soundtracks, first seen on Totally Fucked Up and heavily so on the films Nowhere and Mysterious Skin.[1] Both The Living End and Nowhere owe their titles to this shoegaze influence; The Living End after like-named The Jesus and Mary Chain song and Nowhere after Ride's album entitled Nowhere.[18]

Awards[edit]

In 2010, Kaboom was named the first ever winner of the Cannes Film Festival Queer Palm.[17] Araki has also been honored with the 2006 Filmmaker on the Edge Award at the Provincetown International Film Festival.[19]

Personal life[edit]

Araki has previously self-identified as "a gay Asian American".[20] Contrary to the statement, beginning in 1997 he had a relationship with actress Kathleen Robertson, whom he directed in Nowhere.[21][22][23] The relationship ended in 1999.[citation needed] Araki has since mainly dated men and now identifies as bisexual.[citation needed]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Notes
1987 Three Bewildered People in the Night Debut
1989 The Long Weekend (O' Despair)
1992 The Living End
1993 Totally Fucked Up Part 1 of "Teen Apocalypse Trilogy"
1995 The Doom Generation Part 2 of "Teen Apocalypse Trilogy"
1997 Nowhere Part 3 of "Teen Apocalypse Trilogy"
1999 Splendor
2000 This Is How the World Ends Television pilot
2004 Mysterious Skin
2007 Smiley Face
2010 Kaboom
2014 White Bird in a Blizzard Based on the novel

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rich, B. Ruby (March 26, 2013). New Queer Cinema: The Director’s Cut. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822399698. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Prono, Luca (December 30, 2007). Encyclopedia of Gay and Lesbian Popular Culture. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313335990. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hart, Kylo-Patrick R. (September 20, 2010). Images for a Generation Doomed: The Films and Career of Gregg Araki. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780739139974. 
  4. ^ "UCSB Notable Alumni: Art". alumni.ucsb.edu. UC Santa Barbara Alumni Association. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ "USC Filmmakers Descend on Sundance". news.usc.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Chua, Lawrence (Fall 1992). "Gregg Araki". Bomb (New Art Publications) (41). Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Do The Right Thing wins honors". The Item (Sumter, South Carolina). December 21, 1989. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ O'Connell, Ryan (January 31, 2011). "The Work of Gregg Araki: Teenagers, Aliens and Shoegaze". thoughtcatalog.com. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ Ebert, Roger (November 10, 1995). "THE DOOM GENERATION". rogerebert.com. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ Cills, Hazel (June 13, 2012). "Literally the Best Thing Ever: Gregg Araki’s Totally Effed-Up L.A.". Rookie. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  11. ^ McAllister, Matt (September 6, 2011). "Gregg Araki Interview: At World’s End". futuremovies.co.uk. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  12. ^ "1999 Sundance Film Festival - Splendor". history.sundance.org. Sundance Film Festival. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f Tasker, Yvonne, ed. (October 21, 2010). Fifty Contemporary Film Directors. London: Routledge. ISBN 9781136919459. 
  14. ^ a b Smith, Damon (February 2008). "Rebel, Rebel". Bright Lights Film Journal (Oakland, California) (59). Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  15. ^ Konrad, Todd. "Smiley Face". independentfilmquarterly.com. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  16. ^ Mottram, James (January 26, 2007). "Brits reign at Sundance". The Independent (London). Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b Tsiokos, Basil (May 23, 2010). "UPDATE: "Kaboom" Claims First Queer Palm". indiewire.com. Indiewire. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  18. ^ O'Neill, Phelim (August 5, 2011). "Gregg Araki's films are giving the US a crash course in shoegazing". The Guardian (London). Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  19. ^ "FILMMAKER ON THE EDGE". ptownfilmfest.org. Provincetown International Film Festival. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  20. ^ Yutani, Kimberly (1996). "Gregg Araki and the Queer New Wave". In Leong, Russell. Asian American Sexualities: Dimensions of the Gay and Lesbian Experience. Psychology Press. p. 177. ISBN 9780415914376. 
  21. ^ Szymanski, Michael (July 20, 1997). "Having It Both Ways". Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, California). Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  22. ^ Turner, Megan (September 8, 1999). "STRANGE BEDFELLOWS: GAY DIRECTOR FALLS FOR ‘90210’ BABE". New York Post (New York City, New York). Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  23. ^ Lim, Dennis (January 14, 2011). "Young and Restless Never Gets Old". The New York Times (New York City, New York). Retrieved December 17, 2014. 

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