Gregory, South Dakota
|Gregory, South Dakota|
|Motto: "City Of Expanding, Horizons"|
|Gregory County and the state of South Dakota|
|Incorporated||December 7, 1908|
|• Type||Aldermanic Form|
|• Mayor||Dan DeSmet|
|• City Administrator||Al Cerny|
|• Ward I||Gerrie Soper, Chad Peck|
|• Ward II||Maurice Schlaht, Blane Bartling|
|• Ward III||Tim Mills, Kevin Mikkelsen|
|• Total||1.71 sq mi (4.43 km2)|
|• Land||1.71 sq mi (4.43 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,169 ft (661 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,284|
|• Density||757.3/sq mi (292.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1255368|
As the United States was racing into the 20th century, Gregory County was part of the "Last Frontier" opened to settlers. The Arikara and Ree Indians had long since vanished. The Sioux, who roamed the area since the mid-19th century, had been relegated to the Rosebud, Pine Ridge, Cheyenne, Standing Rock and Lower Brule reservations, and an ambitious congressman had persuaded President Theodore Roosevelt to open the territory for settlement.
The presidential proclamation was made public on May 15, 1904 which opened western Gregory County for settlement. Registration was held throughout the month of July, and on the 28th of that month, 2600 lucky land seekers received their 160-acre (0.65 km2) tracts.
August 8, 1904, Gregory was formally opened to the public as a government town-site. By June 23, 1905, Gregory was boasting 250 buildings and 500 inhabitants that filled an area which consisted of four surveyor's holes and a stake just the August before. Some of the larger businesses included two banks, two hardware stores, a meat market, two lumber companies, three hotels, a restaurant, a grocery, a furniture store, a pool hall, a photographer's studio, a drug store, two newspapers, three livery barns and three blacksmith and machine shops. The community also now had a public school with 56 pupils, a U.S. Land Commissioner, and the Interstate Telephone Company was building an exchange.
By 1906, land that had sold the previous year for $500 to $800 per quarter was selling for $2500 to $3500 per quarter. The year 1906 also brought news that the railroad had contracted for the first stretch of track from Bonesteel to Gregory.
In 1907, Gregory citizens voted to construct a $12,000 water works, and investors agreed to install electric lights. Local businessmen constructed a City Hall, and an Opera House Company organized for the purpose of constructing an opera house and town hall.
By the end of 1908, the great registration for the Tripp County lands was on, and fifteen regular trains arrived in Gregory daily, packed with passengers.
From these beginnings, Gregory continued to grow and prosper, making its mark as a service center for the farmers and ranchers in the area. The hospitality and service-oriented people of the community continued to cater to the residents of the area. Honest, hard-working people continue to make up the core of the area's population, making Gregory today a tremendous place to live and grow.
- Gregory Timeline
- Pre 1800 - Arikara/Ree dwelled on the plains.
- 1829 - John Shaw Gregory was born in New York.
- 1861 - John Shaw Gregory elected to represent people of the 6th District.
- 1862 - Gregory County named after John Shaw Gregory.
- 1887 - Dawes Act relocated the Indians to the reservation.
- May 1904 - President Roosevelt "opens" land to settlers.
- August 1904 - Gregory Town is named as a government town site.
- June 1905 - Gregory's population is 500 with 40 businesses.
On May 8, 1965, an F5 tornado touched down on the town without causing any fatalities.
Gregory is located at (43.233924, -99.428580).
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,295 people, 611 households, and 326 families residing in the city. The population density was 757.3 inhabitants per square mile (292.4 /km2). There were 730 housing units at an average density of 426.9 per square mile (164.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 0.2% African American, 6.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.
There were 611 households of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.6% were non-families. 43.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.82.
The median age in the city was 48.5 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17% were from 25 to 44; 28.1% were from 45 to 64; and 26.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,342 people, 613 households, and 351 families residing in the city. The population density was 982.6 people per square mile (378.2/km²). There were 718 housing units at an average density of 525.7 per square mile (202.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.68% White, 3.28% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 613 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.6% were non-families. 40.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 27.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $23,173, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $25,057 versus $16,923 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,626. About 12.9% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 20.7% of those age 65 or over.
- "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.