Gregory II Bulgarian

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Gregory II Bulgarian (Ukrainian: Григорій II Болгаринович); (Born on an unknown date in Bulgaria, died 1474 in Novohrad-Volynskyi) was a Ukrainian Orthodox metropolitan His official title was Metropolitan of Kiev, Galychyna and All-Rus'.

It is only in the middle of the fifteenth century, with the union of the Council of Florence in 1439 and its proclamation in Kiev and all Rus by Cardinal Isidore.

In 1457, Kiev was confirmed as the metropolitan see by Patriarch Gregory of Constantinople with the appointment of Gregory, a disciple of Cardinal Isidore, as its metropolitan.

In 1458, Constantinople Patriarch Gregory III (Mamma) conducted a reorganization of the Kiev Metropolitan. The Patriarch gave the new Metropolitan, Gregory II, a new title: the Metropolitan of Kiev, Galychyna and All Rus'.

Moscow eventually proclaimed autocephaly, electing its own Metropolitan, Iona, in 1448 independently of Constantinople. The Polono-Lithuanian rulers accepted him, but he was rejected by the Great Principality of Moscow, whose metropolitans started to abandon the Kiev title and took on the new title of "metropolitan of Moscow and all Rous'". Thus the ancient Kiev metropolinate was divided in half.

The Kiev metropolinate within the Polish kingdom and the Great Lithuanian principality under the rule of metropolitan Gregory (1458-1472) remained therefore in communion with the Holy See, as well as during the rule of the following metropolitan Міsail (1476-1480).

References[edit]

Preceded by
Isidore of Kiev
Metropolitan of Kiev, Galychyna and All-Rus'
1458–1473
Succeeded by
Misail Pstruch