|Chairperson of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission|
May 13, 2009 – July 9, 2012
|Preceded by||Dale E. Klein|
|Succeeded by||Allison Macfarlane|
October 29, 1970 |
Norristown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||Cornell University
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Gregory B. Jaczko (pronounced /ˈjɑːskoʊ/; born October 29, 1970, Norristown, Pennsylvania) was a Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). On May 21, 2012, he announced his resignation pending the confirmation of the next person to fill this role. On July 9, 2012, Jaczko was replaced by Allison Macfarlane, a nuclear waste expert and associate professor at George Mason University.
Early life and education 
Jaczko was raised in Albany, New York. He studied physics and philosophy at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and earned a bachelor in the two disciplines there in 1993. He also earned a doctorate in theoretical particle physics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, in 1999. He is married to journalist Leigh Ann Caldwell.
Political career 
He served as a Congressional Science Fellow in the office of U.S. Representative Ed Markey in Washington, D.C. on the basis of an AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellowship. He also worked as an adjunct professor for Physics and Public Policy under Dr. Francis Slakey at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.
He later advised the United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works on issues regarding nuclear power, and served as appropriations director for U.S. Senator Harry Reid and as Reid's science policy advisor. 
Jaczko was first sworn in as a Commissioner of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) on January 21, 2005. On May 13, 2009, President Obama designated him the organization's Chairman, i.e. its principal executive officer and official spokesperson.  Jaczko is responsible for long-range planning as well as budgetary and certain personnel functions of the NRC. “He also has authority for all NRC functions pertaining to a potential emergency involving an NRC licensee”.
Policy positions 
Jaczko has asserted that the greatest possible openness furthers the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's work on the protection of the environment and of public health and safety. He encourages “licensees, vendors, state and local governments, interest groups, and the general public” to participate in the Commission's policy-making efforts. Efforts by Jaczko to strengthen security regulations for nuclear power plants have included requiring new such plants to be able to withstand an aircraft crash.
On February 9, 2012 Jaczko cast the lone dissenting vote on plans to build the first new nuclear power plant in more than 30 years when the NRC voted 4-1 to allow Atlanta-based Southern Co to build and operate two new nuclear power reactors at its existing Vogtle nuclear power plant in Georgia. He cited safety concerns stemming from Japan's 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, saying "I cannot support issuing this license as if Fukushima never happened".
Management style controversy 
A report by Nuclear Regulatory Commission Inspector General Hubert T. Bell accused Jaczko of "strategically" withholding information from his colleagues in an effort to keep plans for the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository from advancing. The report also stated that he "controls information provided to other commissioners based on his interpretation of his statutory authority versus the authority given to the Commission" and that as a result, commissioners "are uncertain as to whether they are adequately informed of policy matters that should be brought to their attention."
In October 2011, all the other four NRC commissioners—two Democrats and two Republicans—sent a letter to the White House expressing "grave concern" about Jaczko's actions at the NRC. On December 14, 2011, Commissioner William Ostendorff, a Republican, told a House oversight committee that Jaczko's "bullying and intimidation... should not and cannot be tolerated." Commissioner William Magwood, a Democrat, testified that Jaczko has humiliated senior female staff in meetings and "reduced (them) to tears in front of colleagues and subordinates". The "most troubling" issue about Jaczko, Magwood said, was his "raging verbal assault" of agency staff, particularly against women.
A Congressional report detailed incidents indicating what House Republicans called Jaczko's "propensity for angry outbursts and aggressive behavior". In a June 2011 report questioning Jaczko's management style, the NRC inspector general wrote that "Jaczko acknowledged that he sometimes loses his temper."
Top House Republicans have called on President Obama to dismiss Jaczko. Jaczko said problems at the agency were not his fault but instead stem from "lack of understanding" on the part of others. He said he does not intend to resign.
Peter A. Bradford, who was a commission member from 1977 to 1982, has defended Jaczko. Bradford said it was not unusual for the commissioners to disagree strongly, and added that he did not believe that "the chairman is somehow raging around the agency and intimidating the staff". He also argued that, although the letter came from two Republicans and two Democrats, it was necessarily bi-partisan in the context of nuclear politics. He claimed that "In Washington, you’ve got a situation where the ‘nuclear party’ transcends the Republican and Democratic party," adding that "You’ve got four members of the nuclear party writing a letter about the chairman, who’s never been a member of the nuclear party."
Dale E. Klein
|Chairperson of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
- "Commissioner Dale E. Klein". 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- N.R.C. Chairman to Resign After Stormy Tenure. New York Times, retrieved May 21, 2012.
- . NRC website.
- Name: Jaczko, Gregory; Current position: Chairman. Allgov.com, retrieved March 16, 2011
- Leigh Ann Caldwell - A Little More
- Meghan Anzelc: Gregory Jaczko, Ph.D. Physics, Commissioner, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. American Physical Society / www.aps.org
- Dr. Francis Slakey. Georgetown University / spi.georgetown.edu
- Chairman Gregory B. Jaczko. Nuclear Regulatory Commission / Nrc.gov, retrieved March 16, 2011
- Ayesha Rascoe (Feb 9, 2012). "U.S. approves first new nuclear plant in a generation". Reuters.
- NRC Commissioners: Chairman Jaczko Is a 'Bully' (Associated Press, December 14, 2011)
- Nuclear commissioner calls chairman "abusive" (Reuters, December 14, 2011)
- Gregory Jaczko colleagues tell of secrecy, 'verbal assaults'
- NRC Chief’s Temper Undermining Agency, House Republicans Say (Bloomberg News, December 14, 2011)
- Nuke commissioners accuse Jaczko of verbally abusing staff, withholding information
- NRC commissioners: Chairman Jaczko is a 'bully'
- Analysis: Hard to fix U.S. nuclear agency after inner turmoil
- Matthew Wald (December 28, 2011). "Agency Smackdown, Round 2: A Critique of ‘the Nuclear Party’". New York Times.