Greinton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the racehorse, see Greinton (horse).

Coordinates: 51°07′23″N 2°50′28″W / 51.123°N 2.841°W / 51.123; -2.841

Greinton
Stone building with square tower, separated from the road in the foreground by a stone wall.
Greinton Church of St. Michael and All Angels
Greinton is located in Somerset
Greinton
Greinton
 Greinton shown within Somerset
Population 193 [1]
OS grid reference ST411364
District Sedgemoor
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIDGWATER
Postcode district TA7
Dialling code 01278
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bridgwater and West Somerset
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Greinton is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated on the Somerset Levels and Moors at the foot of the Polden Hills, 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) west southwest of Glastonbury and 7 miles (11 km) east of Bridgwater in the Sedgemoor district.

History[edit]

The parish of Greinton was part of the Whitley Hundred.[2]

The village straddles the A361 Glastonbury - Taunton road, which bends around in two sharp corners through the village. The ancient road was known as altera strata in the early 14th century—an alternate route to the Polden road perhaps.[3]

Archeological evidence points to Roman occupation, including a burial site, but most of Greinton's older houses date to the 19th century. A housing estate of semi-detached homes and barn conversions has been built in the 20th and 21st centuries. Greinton Manor may have been part of the Pouelt estate granted to Glastonbury abbey in 729. Records trace the Manor's tenants, transfers, sales and inheritance through the 11th century up to its subdivision and sales in the 1950s.[3]

In 2007 the publication Digital Spy said Heather Mills joined animal welfare activists from the Viva! organization as they trespassed on Briarwood Farm in Greinton in order to film the treatment of pigs in farrowing crates.[4]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Sedgemoor, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Bridgwater Rural District,[5] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Bridgwater and West Somerset county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

Parts of Greinton's St Michael and All Angels Church date to the 12th century, with evidence that it may have been built on a pre-Christian site. It has been designated as a Grade I listed building.[6] Refurbished in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, the church seems to have been led by a cast of colorful clergy, dating at least to 1259 when Boniface de Foliano was rector.

In 1397 the rector was accused of attacking the vicar of Pawlett during mass and extorting money and livestock from him . . . John Hyne, rector 1584-1624, was in prison in 1590, leaving the church unserved. . . In the 1600s Hyne was presented for minor infringements such as allowing a girl of 12 to be a godmother. He also refused a couple communion and accused the wardens of buying watered wine.[3]

The tower, which dates from the 15th century, has a ring of six bells, including a medieval Bristol bell, bells dated 1586,1707, 1788, and two dated 1899. Major repairs and renovations were carried out in the Victorian era, including the addition of stained glass and a north porch, and the conversion of the south porch to a vestry. Incomplete records in the church register go back to 1655, with complete records from 1777.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d 'Greinton', A History of the County of Somerset: Vol. 8: The Poldens and the Levels (2004) pp. 63-0 Date accessed: 10 November 2007.
  4. ^ Digital Spy, 15 March 2007
  5. ^ "Brdigwater RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Church of St. Michael and All Angels". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Greinton at Wikimedia Commons