Greiz

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Greiz
Greiz viewed from the "Oberes Schloss" ("Upper Castle")
Greiz viewed from the "Oberes Schloss" ("Upper Castle")
Coat of arms of Greiz
Coat of arms
Greiz   is located in Germany
Greiz
Greiz
Coordinates: 50°39′17″N 12°11′59″E / 50.65472°N 12.19972°E / 50.65472; 12.19972Coordinates: 50°39′17″N 12°11′59″E / 50.65472°N 12.19972°E / 50.65472; 12.19972
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Greiz
Subdivisions 16
Government
 • Mayor Gerd Grüner (SPD)
Area
 • Total 76.30 km2 (29.46 sq mi)
Elevation 265 m (869 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 21,580
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 07961–07973
Dialling codes 03661
Vehicle registration GRZ
Website www.greiz.de

Greiz is a town in Thuringia, and it is the capital of the district of Greiz. Greiz is situated in eastern Thuringia on the river Weiße Elster.

As with other nearby settlements, the place name (originally Grouts) is of Slavic origin and means Gradec. It was first mentioned in 1209. The prime location of Greiz at the river Weiße Elster and the stream Göltzsch made it a fast growing town. It kept expanding during the last 1000 years. It has been recognized as town in the 13th century for the first time. Later the House of Reuss, a ruling German dynasty, built 2 castles in Greiz: the "Oberes Schloss" (Upper castle) and the "Unteres Schloss" (Lower castle). Both were built by famous architects and are still considered unique. Greiz became the capital of the Principality of Reuss-Greiz (until 1918).

Greiz has a large park in its center which is classified as an English garden. Its landscape is unique and well worth a visit. Thomasstraße, Burgstraße, Marktstraße, Waldstraße, and Leonhardtstraße with their Jugendstil houses are well known examples of that architectural style. In Prof.-Dr.-Friedrich-Schneider-Straße 4 there is one of the earliest examples of Art Deco architecture (built in 1911).

The Upper and the Lower Castle at Greiz 1838

During the World War II, Greiz did not suffer much damage, although 3 of the 5 bridges in town were destroyed. In 1941, Ulf Merbold was born there, who became in 1983 the first astronaut from the Federal Republic of Germany (Sigmund Jähn, born only 40 km (24.85 mi) away, was the first German space traveller, representing the German Democratic Republic in 1978 as a cosmonaut).

Greiz has a population of about 21,310 people (as of December 31, 2011).

In addition to a chemical works and a paper factory there are mechanical engineering operations, plastics manufacturing businesses, wood machining enterprises, medical technology, suppliers to the automobile industry, printing houses and breweries. In recent years various high tech businesses (sensor technology, climate simulators, micro-chip production) and environmental technology companies developed.

Adjacent cities include:

  • Elsterberg
  • Reichenbach
  • Hohenleuben
  • Werdau

See also[edit]

  • Media related to Greiz at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

External links[edit]