Grenada–Trinidad and Tobago relations

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Grenada – Trinidad and Tobago relations
Map indicating locations of Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago


Trinidad and Tobago

Grenada–Trinidad and Tobago relations refers to foreign relations between Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago. The two countries have historical antecedents that pre-date both countries' independence. These nations formally established diplomatic relations on Grenada's national date of independence 4 February 1974.[citation needed]


In the very earliest development of Trinidad, when the island was a struggling Spanish colony without a sustainable population, or economy, and under threat from possible annexation by Britain, the French gentleman, Phillipe Rose Roume de Saint-Laurant, residing in Grenada which was at that time a French colony, suggested to the then Spanish governor of Trinidad and the King of Spain that a "Cedula of Population" be declared giving favourable terms to migrants from French islands. This Cedula was promulgated in 1783. Grenada contributed a significant number of these migrants.

Grenada and Tobago were both members of the "Southern Caribbean Islands" from 1762 to 1802 and the Windward Islands from 1833 until 1889, when Tobago was withdrawn from the Federal Colony of the Windward Islands to become a ward of Trinidad instead, this is because the British Windward Islands administration have to cut cost, so Tobago became part of the Colony of Trinidad.

Prior to the two countries gaining their independence from Britain, there existed strong inter-island trade ties between Trinidad and its Northern neighbouring islands, of which Grenada is its nearest. Associated with these trading links were strong migration trends. The development of the oil industry in Trinidad, and the demand for labour during WWii, while the US authorities were building and manning bases in Trinidad, served as further attractants for an influx of Grenadian labour. A Grenadian, Tubal Uriah Butler was an early awardee of the Trinity Cross, the highest honour of Trinidad and Tobago, in 1970 for his contribution to the trade union movement in Trinidad and Tobago as the founder of the Oilfields Workers' Trade Union (OWTU) and an early post war politician.

Recent relations[edit]

In 2010, the governments of Grenada, on the one hand, and Trinidad and Tobago entered into discussions which eventually led to the adoption of a maritime boundary between Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago. This boundary was demarcated by The Joint Boundary Commission of Grenada and Trinidad siting in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago's capital, Port of Spain.[1]

In 2011, Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago have begun a series of discussions on possible areas of co-operation, and collaboration in the Energy Sector and expressly with respect to Grenada's development of its own offshore oil and gas sector.[2]

In September 2012, the Grenadian Government and also the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago has signed a cooperation agreement for energy development. This agreement will include the joint exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons in the maritime areas in Trinidad and Tobago and Grenada and also have technical support and skills in the oil and gas projects and activities. The agreement was signed by the Trinbagonian Minister of Energy and Energy Affairs, Kevin Ramnarine and the Minister of Finance, Planning, Economy, Energy and Co-operatives of Grenada, Nazim Burke.[3]


Trinidad and Tobago is Grenada's third largest export market in the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago is Grenada's second largest import market in the world.[citation needed]

Bilateral agreements[edit]

Date Agreement name Law ref. number Note
21 April 2010 Maritime Boundary Agreement [4]
3 September 2012 Framework Agreement for Cooperation in Energy Sector Development [5]


See also[edit]


External links[edit]