Grenada–United States relations

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Grenada – United States relations
Map indicating locations of Grenada and USA

Grenada

United States

Grenada – United States relations are bilateral relations between Grenada and the United States. The United States recognized Grenada on the 7 February 1974, as the same day as Grenada got independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. These nations formally established diplomatic relations on 29 November 1974.[1]

History[edit]

Operation Urgent Fury.

In October 1983, the United States led an invasion of Grenada, code named Urgent Fury, after the overthrow and murder of the leader of Grenada, Maurice Bishop, by the Bernard Coard.

The U.S. Government established an embassy in Grenada in November 1983. The U.S. Ambassador to Grenada is resident in Bridgetown, Barbados. The embassy in Grenada is staffed by a chargé d'affaires who reports to the ambassador in Bridgetown.

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) played a major role in Grenada's development. In addition to the $45 million emergency aid for reconstruction from 2004's Hurricane Ivan, USAID provided more than $120 million in economic assistance from 1984 to 1993. About 25 Peace Corps volunteers in Grenada teach special education, remedial reading, and vocational training and assist with HIV/AIDS work. Grenada receives counter-narcotics assistance from the United States and benefits from U.S. military exercise-related construction and humanitarian civic action projects.

Grenada and the United States cooperate closely in fighting narcotics smuggling and other forms of transnational crime. In 1995, the United States and Grenada signed a maritime law enforcement treaty. In 1996, they signed a mutual legal assistance treaty and an extradition treaty as well as an over-flight/order-to-land amendment to the maritime law enforcement treaty. The United States continues to provide training, equipment, and materiel, including three vehicles in 2006, to Grenadian security and defense forces. Some U.S. military training is provided as well.

Grenada continues to be a popular destination for Americans. Of the 98,548 stayover visitors in 2005, 25,181 were U.S. citizens. It is estimated that some 2,600 Americans reside in the country, plus the 2,000 U.S. medical students who study at the St. George's University School of Medicine. (Those students are not counted as residents for statistical purposes.)

Principal U.S. Embassy Officials include:[2]

  • Ambassador — Vacant since January 2009
  • Chargé d'Affaires (Grenada only) — Bernard E. Link
  • Political/Economic Chief —
  • Consul General — Eugene Sweeney
  • Commercial Affairs — Greg Floyd
  • Public Affairs Officer — Rebecca Ross
  • Peace Corps Director — Kevin Carley (resident in St. Lucia)

Bilateral agreements[edit]

Date Agreement name Law ref. number Note
2 May 1986 Grenada Bilateral Investment Treaty[3] Entered into force on March 3, 1989
1995 Maritime Law Enforcement Treaty[4]
1996 Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty[4]
1996 Extradition Treaty [4]

Diplomacy[edit]

All officials except the chargé d'affaires are located at the U.S. Embassy in Bridgetown, Barbados. The U.S. Embassy in Grenada is located in St. George's, Grenada.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grenada and United States Relations". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Retrieved 2011-06-28. 
  2. ^ "About the Embassy". United States Department of State, U.S. Embassy Barbados. Retrieved 2011-07-10. 
  3. ^ THE TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND GRENADA
  4. ^ a b c THE TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND GRENADA

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).[1]

External links[edit]