Grenadine is a commonly used bar syrup, characterized by a flavor that is both tart and sweet, and a deep red color. It is popular as an ingredient in cocktails, both for its flavor and to give a reddish/pink tint to mixed drinks.
Etymology and origin
The name grenadine originated from the French word grenade which means pomegranate, with pomme meaning apple and granate derived from the Italian word for seeds. Grenadine was originally prepared from pomegranate juice, sugar, and water.
Modern and commercial variants
As grenadine is subject to minimal regulation, its basic flavor profile can alternatively be obtained from a mixture of blackcurrant juice and other fruit juices with the blackcurrant flavor dominating. To reduce production costs however, the food industry has widely replaced fruit bases with artificial ingredients. The Mott's brand "Rose's" is by far the most common brand of grenadine sold in the United States, and is presently formulated from (in order of concentration): high fructose corn syrup, water, citric acid, sodium citrate, sodium benzoate, FD&C Red #40, natural and artificial flavors, and FD&C Blue #1. In Europe, Bols still manufactures grenadine with pomegranate.
Use in bar mixology
Grenadine is commonly used to mix both modern and classic cocktails, such as the Tequila Sunrise or original (1920s) Sea Breeze. In North America, Beer and Grenadine is often mixed together to create a Queen Mary.
Grenadine is also a popular ingredient in many non-alcoholic drinks, such as the Roy Rogers, pink lemonade, and Shirley Temple cocktails, or simply by mixing the syrup with cold water in a glass or pitcher, sometimes with ice.
Pomegranate syrup found in most Middle Eastern groceries is made with pomegranate concentrate and sugar, and serves as an authentic grenadine.
In popular culture
The 1971 song "Brown-Eyed Woman" written by Robert Hunter and Jerry Garcia and performed by the Grateful Dead contains the lyrics: Brown-eyed women and red grenadine/the bottle was dusty but the liquor was clean.
Grenadine was also mentioned in the song "Bel Air" by Lana Del Rey.
In The Office (US) season 6, episode 21, Michael Scott says that his drink is just grenadine.
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- Dictionnaire Universel de Cuisine Practique : Encyclopédie Illustrée D'Hygiène Alimentaire, Joseph Favre, Paris, 1905, pp. 1088.
- Food and Drug Administration (1980-01-10). "Sec. 550.400 Grenadine". CPG 7110.11. Retrieved 2009-08-23.
- "Media Release: Cadbury Schweppes to Acquire Snapple Beverage Group for an Enterprise Value of $1,450 Million". Cadbury Schweppes. 2000-09-18. Archived from the original on 2004-06-12. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
- Wegmans - Rose's Grenadine Ingredients
- "BOLS Grenadine Syrup". www.bols.de (in German). Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "Grenadine". https://www.princeton.edu/main/ (in English). Retrieved 22 August 2014.