Grenfell, New South Wales

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Grenfell
New South Wales
Grenfell Main Street 002.JPG
Main Street, Grenfell, during the 2011 Henry Lawson Festival
Grenfell is located in New South Wales
Grenfell
Grenfell
Coordinates 33°54′0″S 148°09′0″E / 33.90000°S 148.15000°E / -33.90000; 148.15000Coordinates: 33°54′0″S 148°09′0″E / 33.90000°S 148.15000°E / -33.90000; 148.15000
Population 2,513 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2810
Elevation 410 m (1,345 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Weddin Shire
State electorate(s) Burrinjuck
Federal Division(s) Hume
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.5 °C
73 °F
9.4 °C
49 °F
622.9 mm
24.5 in

Grenfell is a country town in Weddin Shire in the Central West of New South Wales, Australia. It is 370 kilometres west of Sydney and five hours' drive from the city. It is close to Forbes, Cowra and Young. At the 2011 census, Grenfell had a population of 1,996.[1]

History[edit]

Prior to European settlement the Grenfell area was home to the Wiradjuri Aborigines. Grenfell is a goldmining town first known as Emu Creek and renamed in honour of John Grenfell, Gold Commissioner at Forbes, who had been killed in 1866 when bushrangers attacked a stagecoach on which he was travelling.[2] Weddin Post Office opened on 3 December 1866 and was renamed Grenfell on 24 December the same year.[3] By 1870-71 it was producing more gold than any other town in NSW. However by the mid-1870s gold was in decline. Wheat was first grown in the district in 1871. In late October 1901, the railway from Koorawatha to Grenfell was officially opened.[4] Unlike most Australian country towns Grenfell has a main street which bends.

In June 2007, the Spirit of the Bush Concert was held on the sporting fields. Acts included the organiser and Australian of the Year Lee Kernaghan, local and international star Steve Forde & the Flange, Adam Brand, Leo Sayer, Diesel, and The McClymonts.

Railway Station from street side, built 1901

Henry Lawson Festival[edit]

The poet and story writer Henry Lawson was born on the nearby gold fields. On the Queen's Birthday weekend in June every year, the town hosts The Henry Lawson Festival of Arts, which attracts thousands of visitors. The festival is a celebration of local and national talent, with art, poetry and writing competitions drawing entries from all over Australia. It was first held in 1958.[5] The June weekend was chosen because it is close to Lawson's birthday. Over the years, such personalities as Chips Rafferty, Barry Humphries, Patrick White and Sigrid Thornton have attended.

Attractions[edit]

Major events[edit]

Fossils[edit]

Main article: Grenfell fossil site

Grenfell is an important centre of for fossils of Devonian fishes, which occur in many surrounding outcrops of the Hunter Siltstone geological formation.

People[edit]

Cricketer Stan McCabe, cyclist Reggie McNamara and tennis player Jan Lehane were born in Grenfell.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census QuickStats - Grenfell (Urban Centre)". 
  2. ^ "Grenfell's History". Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  4. ^ "KOORAWATHA TO GRENFELL RAILWAY.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 28 October 1901. p. 4. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  5. ^ A ride from Grenfell to Gulgong is also held to commemorate the Lawson family trek from Grenfell to Gulgong when he was a boy.The Grenfell Henry Laawson Festival of Arts History of Festival

External links[edit]

Media related to Grenfell, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons