|— City —|
|Named for||Walter Q. Gresham|
|• Mayor||Shane T. Bemis|
|• City||23.43 sq mi (60.68 km2)|
|• Land||23.20 sq mi (60.09 km2)|
|• Water||0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)|
|Elevation||301 ft (91.7 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||107,439|
|• Density||4,551.5/sq mi (1,757.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||97030, 97080, 97233|
|Area code(s)||503 and 971|
|GNIS feature ID||1121424|
Gresham (pron.: //) is a city located in Multnomah County, Oregon, United States immediately east of Portland. It was named after the American Civil War general, and Postmaster General, Walter Quinton Gresham. The population was 105,594 at the 2010 census. This makes Gresham the fourth largest city in Oregon.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2010)|
Gresham could not establish itself as a city unless given a post office and postal code. A local storeowner offered to use his store as a post office and offered to name the city after Postmaster General Walter Q. Gresham if a post office was granted. Until that time, the city had simply been known as Campground because this forested site was where pioneers often stopped to spend the night and compose themselves before moving on to Portland and the Willamette Valley. Although a post office was established in May 1884, Gresham was not incorporated as a city until 1905. Lewis Shattuck, son of a pioneer family, was the first mayor.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.43 square miles (60.68 km2), of which, 23.20 square miles (60.09 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water. The total area includes parts of Fairview Creek and Johnson Creek.
|Climate data for Gresham, OR|
|Average high °F (°C)||46
|Average low °F (°C)||34
|Precipitation inches (mm)||6.09
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $43,442, and the mean income for a family was $51,126. Males had a median income of $37,701 versus $27,744 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,588. About 8.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and older.
- 2005-2007 American Community Survey Estimates
- 83.9% - White (71.1 non-Hispanic White)
- 18.3 - Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
- 5.1% - Asian
- 5.1% - Some other race
- 4.7% - American Indian or Alaska Native
- 3.7% - African American or Black
- 0.3% - Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
2010 census 
As of the census of 2010, there were 105,594 people, 38,704 households, and 25,835 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,551.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,757.3 /km2). There were 41,015 housing units at an average density of 1,767.9 per square mile (682.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.0% White, 3.5% African American, 1.3% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 9.8% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.9% of the population.
There were 38,704 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.2% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22.
The median age in the city was 33.6 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
The City of Gresham operates under the council-manager form of government. The mayor and city council are elected to be the legislative and policy-making body for the city.
The council appoints a professional city manager who is responsible for day-to-day city operations. The city manager of Gresham is Erik Kvarsten, who is a professional city manager with 20 years of experience. Kvarsten was appointed to the position on August 1, 2004.
The city council consists of the mayor and six councilors, all of whom serve four-year terms. Elections are held in November of even-numbered years. In elections in years divisible by four, (e.g. 2000, 2004, 2008), three councilors are elected. In elections in years not divisible by four, (e.g. 1998, 2002, 2006), the other three councilors and the mayor are elected.
Mayor and Council 
- Shane Bemis, Mayor
- Jerry Hinton, since 2013
- Michael McCormick, since 2013
- Josh Fuhrer, since 2009
- Karylinn Echols, since 2011 - current Council President
- Mario Palmero since 2012
- Lori Stegmann, since 2011
Arts and Culture 
|This section requires expansion. (September 2010)|
Mass Transit 
|MAX Blue Line in Gresham|
- East 162nd Avenue
- East 172nd Avenue
- East 181st Avenue
- Rockwood/East 188th Avenue (serving the Rockwood neighborhood)
- Ruby Junction/East 197th Avenue
- Civic Drive (opened on December 1, 2010)
- Gresham City Hall
- Gresham Central Transit Center
- Cleveland Avenue (Blue Line's eastern terminus)
Bicycle/pedestrian trails 
Notable people 
- Randy Alcorn, Christian author
- Shannon Bex, member of girl group Danity Kane
- Brian Burres, Major League Baseball pitcher
- Randy Couture, mixed martial arts fighter
- Mike Ekstrom, Major League Baseball pitcher
- Nikki Fuller, professional female bodybuilder
- Katie Harman, Miss America 2002
- Jess Hartley, author, editor, and tabletop game designer
- Fred Jones, National Basketball Association player
- Ronald A. Marks, former CIA official
- Angela Via, singer
- Stu Weber, Christian author
- William P. Young, author
- Mike Lamond, professional E-Sports commentator, known as HuskyStarcraft
- Andrew Serino, Asian step dancing
Sister cities 
Gresham has sister cities in other countries. They are:
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Average Weather for Gresham, OR - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
- U.S. Decennial Census. U.S. Census Bureau.
- Entry for Gresham in the Oregon Blue Book
- Gresham Library
- Gresham Chamber of Commerce
- Historic Downtown Gresham